Q18. Skill development programs have succeed in increasing human resources supply to various sectors. In the context of the statement analyze the linkages between education, skill and employment. (15m)
According to the Ministry of Skill Development and Entrepreneurship (MSDE), over 100 million people have been trained through various skill development programs such as National skill India Mission, PM Kaushal Vikas Yojana, since 2015.
- According to the National Skill Development Council (NSDC), various sectors where skilled workers have been absorbed since 2015 include construction, infrastructure, health and manufacturing.
Linkages between Education, Skill and Employment:
- Education as a Foundation:
- Basic Education: Basic education, including primary and secondary schooling, equips individuals with fundamental literacy and numeracy skills.
- Higher Education: Higher education plays a significant role in preparing individuals for specialised fields and professions.
- Since 2014-15, there has been an increase of around 72 lakh in the enrolment (21%), according to AISHE report.
- Moreover, The NEP 2020 framework emphasizes skill development, to foster deeper integration between higher education and vocational training.
- Skill Development as a Complement:
- Technical and Vocational Training: Skill development programs, such as technical and vocational training, offer specific, practical skills that are directly applicable to various industries.
- Soft Skills: In addition to technical skills, soft skills like communication, teamwork, problem-solving, and adaptability are crucial in the modern job market.
- The India Skill Report 2023 reveals improvement in overall employability among young people, increasing from 46.2 percent to 50.3 percent this year.
- Employment as the Goal:
- Alignment with Industry Needs: Skill development programs should align with the needs of the job market. They should focus on providing skills that are in demand in various sectors, ensuring that individuals are job-ready upon completion.
- Imparting skills will also enhance entrepreneurship skills, going beyond to create the capabilities of workers as not only an employment seeker but also an employment giver.
With the global paradigm shift skills towards digital and use of AI, the emphasis has switched to developing skills at a young age. The 4Cs — communication, creativity, critical thinking, and character development — should be instilled in education and skill development simultaneously.
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