Powers of the President
The Power of the President has a variety of authority, including financial, diplomatic, legislative, military, judicial, pardoning, executive or appointment, and emergency authorities. The head of state of the Republic of India is the President. The eight categories that make up the President’s powers are listed below. The highest constitutional position in India is that of the President. They control every superpower connected to every sphere of the economy.
The Power of the President of India is an important part of Indian Polity which an important subject in UPSC Syllabus. Students can also go for UPSC Mock Test to get more accuracy in their preparations.
Powers of the President About
The official head of state of India is the President. The first citizen of the Indian State is also regarded as being the President of India. Along with the Vice President, Prime Minister, Council of Ministers, and Attorney General of India, the President of India makes up the Union Executive.
The Union Executive, which includes the President of India, is covered in Part V of the Indian Constitution, which runs from Article 52 to Article 78. There shall be a President of India, according to Article 52 of the Indian Constitution.
Powers of the President Executive Powers
All official executive measures done by the Indian government are signed by the president. Rules controlling the authentication of orders and other documents issued and executed in the president’s name may be established. The President has the authority to create regulations to facilitate the Union government’s operation and to distribute tasks among the ministries.
The Prime Minister and other ministers are chosen by the President. While he is away, they are at work. She/he selects the attorney general of India and determines his compensation. The President appoints the Attorney General, who works for him as needed. The chief election commissioner and other election commissioners, the chairman and members of the Union Public Service Commission, the governors of states, and other officials are appointed by the president.
It is Power of the President to ask the Prime Minister for any information regarding how the Union is being run, as well as for legislative ideas. She/he has the power to direct the Prime Minister to submit any item to the council of ministers that has been decided upon by a minister but not by the council.
The president has the authority to name a commission to investigate the circumstances of SCs, STs, and other disadvantaged individuals. To encourage collaboration between the federal government and states, the president has the authority to form an interstate council.
Powers of the President Legislative Powers
The following legislative powers are granted to the President of India, a member of the Indian Parliament. The President has the authority to prorogue or convoke Parliament and dissolve the Lok Sabha. A joint session of both Houses of Parliament, presided over by the Speaker of the LokSabha, may also be called by him/her.
At the beginning of the first session following each general election as well as the first session of every year, he or she has the right to address the House of Commons. Whether or not they are in relation to a measure that is now before Parliament, he or she has the authority to communicate with both Houses of Parliament.
He has the power to designate any Lok Sabha member to preside over the House’s proceedings when the positions of Speaker and Deputy Speaker become vacant. He has the authority to designate any Rajya Sabha member to preside over proceedings when the Chairman and Deputy Chairman positions become vacant.
Twelve Rajya Sabha members are chosen by the president from from individuals with expertise in literature, science, the arts, or social work. The president has the authority to propose two Anglo-Indians for the Lok Sabha. He decides whether to disqualify lawmakers after consulting with the Election Commission. He must first approve or recommend certain types of bills before they may be tabled in Parliament. A measure that uses funds from the Consolidated Fund of India, such as one that redraws state lines or establishes a new state, would fall under this category.
He has the authority to make ordinances when the Parliament is not in session. Following its reconstitution, the Parliament has six weeks to ratify these ordinances. He also has the authority to revoke an ordinance whenever he sees fit. The reports of the Comptroller and Auditor General, the Union Public Service Commission, the Finance Commission, and others are submitted by the President to Parliament.
To preserve peace, progress, and sound governance, the President can enact regulations for the Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Lakshadweep, Dadra and Nagar Haveli, and Daman and Diu. In Puducherry, the President can also enact laws by regulations, but only if the parliament is adjourned or dissolved.
Powers of the President Financial Powers
The money bill must first receive the president’s approval before being introduced in the Lok Sabha. He arranges for the Union Budget to be presented to the Parliament. The President of India has overall responsibility over how the Contingency Fund of India is run.
Powers of the President Judicial Powers
She/he has the authority to give pardons in lieu of the death penalty, a martial court judgment, or punishment for offences against union law under article 72. The President has the authority to commute sentences, postpone sentences, or issue reprieves or respites from punishment to those guilty of crimes:
- In all instances where the punishment or sentence is imposed by a Court Martial;
- In all instances where the punishment or sentence is imposed for a violation of any law pertaining to an issue to which the Union’s executive power extends;
- In all instances where the penalty is a death sentence.
Powers of the President Diplomatic Powers
International treaties and agreements are negotiated and signed on the President’s behalf. They must yet receive the Parliament’s blessing. He sends and receives diplomats like ambassadors and high commissioners, and he represents India in international forums and matters.
Powers of the President Military Powers
He is the military’s top commander in India. In that position, he names the Army, Navy, and Air Force leaders. He has the power to declare war or peace, but only with the Parliament’s approval.
Powers of the President Emergency Powers
The Constitution grants the President extraordinary powers in addition to the previously listed regular authorities to deal with the following three sorts of emergencies:
- National Emergency (Article 352);
- President’s Rule (Article 356 & 365); and
- Financial Emergency (Article 360)
Powers of the President UPSC
The President cannot use his pardoning authority without the consent of the executive branch. The President must follow the Council of Ministers’ recommendations when choosing whether to grant a mercy plea, the Supreme Court has found in a number of cases. Among them are Dhananjoy Chatterjee v. State of West Bengal in 1994 and Maru Ram v. Union of India in 1980. Students can read all the details related to UPSC by visiting the official website of StudyIQ UPSC Online Coaching.