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Policy of Ring Fence, Introduction and Establishment

Policy of Ring of Fence

Warren Hastings established the Policy of Ring of Fence (1765–1813) to establish buffer zones and safeguard the Company’s frontiers. In order to safeguard their own territories, it was often their policy to defend the boundaries of their neighbors. The ring-fence states were obligated to retain subsidiary armies that were to be organized, outfitted, and led by Company commanders who were to be compensated by these rulers.

Since the British only considered expediency, their relationship with the Indian states evolved with time. The British never lost sight of their desire to rule an empire. They were therefore constrained in how they interacted with native governments by their own interests, which evolved through time. The discussion of the Ring of Fence Policy (1765–1813) in this article would be beneficial for students studying Modern Indian History for the UPSC Civil Service Exam.

Policy of Ring Fence in India History

During this time, the British treated local states like independent nations. At the time, they had not yet attained the status of India’s absolute power. As a result, they could not claim complete sovereignty over the native kings who became their supporters or that they were unable to interfere everywhere.

The first and second Maratha Wars, the treaties with Avadh and Hyderabad, the wars against Mysore and the peace with the Hindu monarch ending the fourth Mysore War, as well as the treaty of Amritsar with Ranjit Singh, were all fought during this time. Naturally, the Wellesley Wars and related agreements with numerous monarchs made the British the dominant force in India, while their allies became subordinate rulers.

Policy of Ring Fence Establishment

In order to preserve their own holdings, Warren Hastings devised the Ring-Fence policy, which involved guarding the borders of their neighbours. This was echoed in the conflict between the East India Company and the Kingdom of Mysore and the Marathas. The Company undertook to organize Awadh’s defence in order to assure Bengal’s security because the Marathas and Afghan invaders posed the biggest threat.

The rulers of such a kingdom paid for the maintenance of the troops that the East India Company dispatched to strengthen the fortifications of its allies. In this sense, the East India Company would be necessary for the local ruler’s defence. During the “Policy of Ring Fence” era, the British did not recognize native rulers as having any sort of suzerainty over them; instead, they treated them as independent nations with the freedom to conduct their own internal affairs, with the exception of the Hindu ruler of Mysore, with whom they entered into treaties on an equal footing.

The ring fence policy, which aimed to lessen states’ dependency on the British administration in India, was extended by Wellesley’s subsidiary alliance program. The Maratha, Awadh, and other powerful nations such as Hyderabad accepted subsidiary partnerships. British dominance was thus entrenched.

Policy of Ring Fence UPSC

One of the many strategies the British used to establish their dominance in the Indian provinces was the Policy of Ring Fence. The subsidiary alliance system, Policy of Subordinate Isolation, Policy of Subordinate Union, Policy of Equal Federation, etc. was some of the other related policies. This article contains comprehensive information regarding the Ring Fence Policy for UPSC Exam Preparation.

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When was the ring fence policy?

Warren Hastings established the ring-of-fence policy (1765–1813) to establish buffer zones and safeguard the Company's frontiers. In order to safeguard their own territories, it was often their policy to defend the boundaries of their neighbours.

Which Governor General of India followed a policy of ring fence?

Warren Hastings Governor General of India followed a policy of ring fence.

What was the policy of ring fence testbook?

Warren Hastings introduced the ring-fence policy (1774-85). This approach was put in place to safeguard the company's territory from neighbouring periphery, such as Bengal, at the expense of the buffered state. Lord Hastings (1813–1833) adopted the interventionist and belligerent approach.

What is ring fence policy and subsidiary Alliance?

Subsidiary alliance, a Wellesley policy, was an extension of ring fencing, which aimed to make states more dependent on the British Government in India. Under this system, each Indian king or queen was required to consent to giving the British a subsidy for the upkeep of their army.

What is the purpose of ring-fencing?

The purpose of ring-fencing is to safeguard essential retail banking services from dangers related to operations beyond the ring-fence. The goal of ring-fencing is to increase the resilience of the biggest UK banks.

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