Background: The city of Kolhapur (Maharashtra) is highly benefiting from its progress in the adoption of biogas toilets.
About Biogas Toilets in Kolhapur
- The Bio-Toilet is the one which connects to the Biogas system, which is an off-grid appliance that turns organic waste into cooking gas.
- The Biogas system takes waste such as food scraps and animal manure using a biological process, and turns that into gas.
- The journey in Kolhapur began in 2014, during the launch of Swachh Bharat Abhiyan, when the district authority took the initiative of establishing biogas-linked toilets.
- Challenges faced in pursuance of Biogas Toilets:
- Authorities faced difficulties in changing the mindset of the people.
- Lack of knowledge, cultural or psychological beliefs, and religious beliefs hampered the initial adoption process.
- Myths or taboo about the foul smell, faeces visibility, and contaminated food cooked on Biogas, needed to be tackled.
- Benefits from adoption of Biogas Toilets:
- Reduced their dependency on firewood.
- Elimination of the need to visit public toilets.
- Benefit from the cooking process has also allowed the villagers to spend more time and energy in increasing their sources of income.
- Slurry released by biogas plants acts as manure and has successfully reduced the expenditure of urea.
- It reduced the need for frequent cleaning of tanks.
- The case study of Kolhapur region demonstrates how the production system uses organic matter to produce bio-methane, which has highly benefited the lives of people and that of the environment.
- There is a need for more such Biogas Toilet installations, on a macro level to encourage sustainable development in the country.