Q) Enumerating major inter-state water disputes in India, discuss various mechanisms in place for its resolution. (10 marks, 150 words)
भारत में प्रमुख अंतर-राज्यीय जल विवादों की गणना करते हुए, इसके समाधान के लिए मौजूद विभिन्न तंत्रों पर चर्चा करें।
Demand of the Question– This question demands understanding of Inter-State Water Disputes, provisions for its redressal, Tribunal, and successes/failures of its implementation. Also, this involves understanding the role of federal structure in resolution of such disputes.
Directive Word– Enumerate- This keywords demands describing the major disputes. Discuss- This demands mentioning the provisions of redressal and its pros and cons.
Structure of the Answer
Intro– Describe what is an Inter-state water dispute.
Body– In the first part, mention major Inter-state water disputes, and give reasons for their origin. Use a map to display more in less space. In the second part, describe available provisions for dispute resolution, role of tribunals and Supreme Court in the same. In the next part, mention advantages and disadvantages of such provisions. And while mentioning these pros and cons, state examples of success and failed resolution of disputes.
Conclusion– State the urgency of why and how these disputes are bound to rise in future, use data of water shortage from credible sources. Suggest ways to strengthen these redressal measures.
Part of Syllabus– GS Paper 2- Functions and responsibilities of the Union and the States, issues and challenges pertaining to the federal structure, devolution of powers and finances up to local levels and challenges therein.