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Central Vigilance Commission, Power, Members, Appointment & Function

Central Vigilance Commission

In order to combat official corruption, the government established the Central Vigilance Commission in February 1964. It’s in the New Delhi area. A Central Vigilance Commissioner and a maximum of two additional Vigilance Commissioners make up the Commission. In June 2021, the President of India established the 18th Central Vigilance Commission, which was led by Suresh N. Patel.

The Central Vigilance Commission is an important part of Indian Polity which an important subject in UPSC Syllabus. Students can also go for UPSC Mock Test to get more accuracy in their preparations.

Central Vigilance Commission History

On the advice of the Committee on Prevention of Corruption, led by Shri K. Santhanam, the Central Vigilance Commission was established by the Government in February 1964. The Central Vigilance Commission is designed to be the top vigilance institution, independent of all executive powers. It is responsible for overseeing all vigilance activity conducted by the Central Government and providing guidance to various Central Government organisation authorities on how to plan, carry out, evaluate, and reform their vigilant work.

After the President issued an Ordinance, the Central Vigilance Commission was transformed into a multi-member commission with “statutory status” as of August 25th, 1998. When the Central Vigilance Commission Bill Act 2003 was passed by the legislature and approved by the president in 2003, the Central Vigilance Commission became operational.

Central Vigilance Commission Composition

A chairman and no more than two commissioners make up the CVC, a multi-member body. On the advice of a three-person committee, the President appoints them by warrant in his hand and field. The Prime Minister, the Union Minister of Home Affairs, and the Lok Sabha opposition leader make up the committee.

These individuals keep their positions for four years or until they reach retirement age of 65. Another intriguing fact is that once a member’s term is done, they are no longer eligible to work for the state or a federal agency. If any of the following situations arise, the President of India has the authority to appoint a new central vigilance commissioner at any time

  • If he accepts his insolvency,
  • If he has previously been convicted of a crime,
  • If he works for money while in office, even if it’s unrelated to his duties.
  • His official role is likely to suffer if he has gained a financial or other stake.
  • The president has the authority to fire the central vigilance commissioner if they have misbehaved or are unable to perform their duties effectively. The Indian Supreme Court takes on the matter and looks into the veracity of the accusations. The president has the right to immediately fire the Commissioner if it is determined that the accusations are true.

Central Vigilance Commission Organizations

The Central Vigilance Commission has a secretariat, commissioners for the departmental inquiry wing, and its own chief technical examiner wing. The CVC is comprised of Wing, the Chief Technical Examiner.

The technical CVC members who assist the engineering staff make up the chief technical examiner’s wing. The chief technical examiners wing of the central Vigilance commission’s primary responsibilities are the technical audit of government organisation construction from a vigilance perspective and the investigation of particular and unusual complaints connected to building projects. Giving the CBI assistance in investigations involving technical issues, evaluating properties, and giving the Chief Vigilance Officer aid in vigilance cases requiring technical issues.

Central Vigilance Commission Functions

Inquiring or conducting an investigation based on claims made by the central government that a public worker employed by the central government engaged in offensive acts in violation of the Prevention of Corruption Act of 1988 is one of the duties of the CVC.

It offers instructions to the CBI, a special police unit of Delhi, for supervision in cases relating to the investigation of offences under the Prevention of Corruption Act of 1988 up to this point. Its duties include monitoring the progress of investigations conducted by the Delhi Police in cases involving violations of the Corruption Act, evaluating the status of applications for prosecution sanctions that are pending with the Delhi Police Special Branch, and exercising supervision over the Vigilance administration in Central Government ministries.

It serves the purpose of investigating complaints made under the public interest disclosure and protection of informal resolution and taking prompt, required, and suitable corrective action. Along with the secretaries of Home Affairs, Personnel Training, and Revenue, the Central Vigilance Commissioner serves as the chairperson and is accompanied by two other Vigilance Commissioners. These individuals suggest to the central government that the aforementioned position be filled at the level of Deputy Director of Enforcement.

Central Vigilance Commission Appointment

Both the central and state vigilance commissioners are chosen by the Indian President. The nominations are made as part of the session based on the recommendations from the committee, which is comprised of the Prime Minister serving as chairperson, the Ministers of Home Affairs, and the parliamentary leaders of the opposing party.

People who have served in an All-India service who have knowledge or experience in vigilance policy formulation and administration, including police administration, are to be chosen for the CVC job. people who have worked with founded or in control of any central government or government corporation, or those with experience in finance, including insurance, banking, law, vigilance, and investigations.

Central Vigilance Commission UPSC

Private sector banks are now subject to the Commission’s scrutiny due to the Government’s extensive expansion of its powers and authority. As a result, since the Commission’s creation, its authority has undergone a significant evolution. The Central Vigilance Commission, or CVC UPSC issue, is a fascinating aspect of Indian politics. Students can read all the details related to UPSC by visiting the official website of StudyIQ UPSC Online Coaching.

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Central Vigilance Commission FAQs

What is the role of the Central Vigilance Commission?

The role of the Central Vigilance Commission is to undertake or cause an inquiry into complaints received under the Public Interest Disclosure and Protection of Informer and recommend appropriate action.

Who is the current Central Vigilance Commissioner of India 2023?

Current Vigilance Commissioner is Aravinda Kumar.

What is Central Vigilance Committee?

Central Vigilance Commission was set up with the aim to exercise superintendence over vigilance administration of the organisations in respect of which the executive powers of Government of India extended.

Which body is Central Vigilance Commission?

The Central Vigilance Commission (CVC) was established in 1964, as an apex body for exercising general superintendence and control over vigilance administration.

What is the function of vigilance?

Role, Duties and Responsibilities of Vigilance department in brief: Examine the existing Organization procedure and eliminate or minimise factors that provide opportunities for corruption or malpractices and suggest remedial measures. Plan, conduct regular inspections and surprise visits.

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