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Beating Retreat Ceremony
January 26th, every year, is observed as Republic Day to commemorate the signing of the Constitution of India. Since the Indian Constitution took effect on January 26, 1950, this day is observed with much ceremony. On the other hand, there is another Republic Day celebration that takes place on January 29th every year, and that is the Beating Retreat Ceremony.
The Beating Retreat Ceremony takes place at Vijay Chowk on January 29th of each year. The Beating Retreat Events puts an end to Republic Day celebrations. As the Supreme Commander of the Armed Forces, the Indian President attended the ceremony. Flags are lowered during the ritual at dusk.
Read More: List of Republic Day Chief Guests
Beating Retreat Ceremony 2023
In Delhi, the traditional practice of warriors calling an end to the war at sunset is remembered during the “Beating Retreat Ceremony.” This announcement signalled the end of the conflict as the sound of bugles echoed throughout the battlefield. The course of the Beating Retreat Ceremony is as follows:
- Indian President will be the chief guest of the Beating Retreat Ceremony.
- The Indian National Anthem is played by the Massed Bands after the salute of the President’s Bodyguard (PBG), and the Indian flag is then unfurled at the same time.
- The massed bands of the three services then proceed to march in elaborate and stunning patterns while playing a variety of well-known songs.
- The final band to perform is the Air Force and Navy bands together.
- The national flag is lowered following the Beating Retreat Ceremony.
- There will be a brief firework show once the President exits the ceremony.
Beating Retreat Ceremony 2023 Key Highlights
- At the celebration, a special rendition of “Swarnim Vijay” would be performed in recognition of India’s historic victory over Pakistan in 1971.
- Lieutenant colonel Vimal Joshi and Havildar Jiwan Rasaily will lead his composition on a brief march to Vijay Chowk, the location of the Beating Retreat ritual.
- The Air Force band will perform Tiranga Senani and Nida Yodha, the Navy band will perform Bharat Vandana, the Army Mil band will perform Garud Prahar and Sambodhan Eco, and the Massed Band will perform Bharat Ke Jawan.
- The celebration will feature performances by the bands of the Indian Air Force (IAF), Indian Navy, Central Armed Police Forces (CAPF), and Delhi Police in mass formation.
- The Rajputana Rifles and Punjab Regiment will each send twenty bands to the occasion.
- There will be 25 bands from the Rajput Regiment, 19 from the Bihar Regiment, and at least 7 from the Gorkha Regiment participating in the festivities.
- This year’s celebration will have 60 drummers, 17 trumpeters, and 60 buglers combined.
- Buglers will compose “Fanfare” for the Beating the Retreat 2022 ceremony’s opening and “Sare Jahan Se Accha” for the closing.
Beating Retreat Ceremony Origin
The centuries-old custom of the Beating Retreat ceremonial dates back to the time when soldiers withdrew from battle after dusk. According to the Royal Irish Virtual Military Gallery, on June 18, 1690, the drums were instructed to beat a retreat at night.
Beating Retreat Ceremony Significance
At that time, drums played a crucial role in instructing the soldiers to lay down their arms and make a daytime retreat. Because the flags were lowered at the first blast of the buglers and trumpets, the Beating Retreat was interpreted by the uninitiated as a symbolising a departure from the field of combat.
Beating Retreat Ceremony in India
The Beating Retreat Ceremony ritual is said to have touched Indian soil in the early 1950s when the late Queen Elizabeth II and her husband Prince Phillip made their first trip to the country following India’s independence. Jawaharlal Nehru, India’s first Prime Minister, contacted Major Robert of the Indian Army to come up with a magnificent idea for the visit of the British king. The Beating Retreat Ceremony supposedly originated at that time, according to Major Robert, and since this time it became an integral part of Republic Day.
Raisina Hills is the location of the Beating Retreating Ceremony. The Indian Army’s pipe band, as well as the massed bands of the Indian Air Force, Indian Navy, and Indian Army, execute the Beating Retreating Ceremony. Since 2016, the Central Armed Police Force (CAPF) and Delhi Police bands have also performed at the Beating Retreating Ceremony.