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Administrative Reforms Commission, History, First ARC & Second ARC

Administrative Reforms Commission

The Government of India established the Administrative Reforms Commissions to offer suggestions for changes to the administrative system. India has created two administrative commissions thus far. One took place in 1966 during the Nehru era under the leadership of Morarji R. Desai and K Hanumanthaiya, and the other did so in 2006 under Veerappa Moily’s leadership.

The Administrative Reforms Commissions is an important part of Indian Polity which an important subject in UPSC Syllabus. Students can also go for UPSC Mock Test to get more accuracy in their preparations.

Administrative Reforms Commission History

The administration is a body that controls how well residents’ needs are met in the provision of services. To achieving the socioeconomic development of the nation, the administrative structure is crucial. The administration system is a dynamic process that necessitates ongoing modifications to address deficiencies in current systems and keep up with new advancements. The goal of administrative reform is to establish and implement the modifications that are required for a government’s administrative units to successfully carry out public policy.

The transition from colonial rule and British law to democracy and the Republic of India represents the country’s first administrative reform. Since independence, numerous commissions have been established to recommend changes to the administrative system.

Administrative Reforms Commission Major Committees

  • Gopal Swami Ayyangar Committee (1949): The Gopalaswamy Ayyangar promoted the creation of agencies, including the bureau of trade and industry.
  • Gorwala Committee (1951): This committee was established to supervise the creation of the administrative framework and the implementation of national reforms.
  • Paul H. Appleby Committee (1953): This panel recommended the establishment of a “organisation and management division” to enhance the nation’s administrative practises and procedures after conducting a survey.
  • Administrative Reforms Commission (1966-70): The purpose of this commission is to examine India’s administrative system and provide important suggestions, such as the creation of the Lokpal and Lokayukta.

Administrative Reform Commission Importance

The major goal of Administrative Reforms Commission in India is to increase administrative capability in the new environment, which is a clear response to the new issues facing the state association handling public affairs. The focus needs to be on mechanisms for external responsibility such social audits, resident alliances, and educating public workers on the result method because they answer to political leaders.

First Administrative Reform Commission

To implement fundamental reforms in India’s governmental administration, the first ARC (1966) was established. This Commission produced 20 reports on administrative reforms in India and made 537 suggestions. The primary topics that were addressed in the first ARC’s report were:

  • Financial, personnel, district, agricultural, and economic administration;
  • Centre-State Relations;
  • Government Machinery Procedures
  • Every administrative level has a planning system.
  • Service and Central Government job recruitment and training.
  • Issues with the redress of citizen complaints
  • The requirement for government administration specialization.

Before disbanding in the middle of the 1970s, the Commission delivered 20 reports. The initial ARC for Administrative Reforms in India’s recommendations are:

  • Suggestions on center-state relations
  • Transferring the Ministry of Law’s high court judge appointment process
  • The interstate council will determine the parameters for the governor’s latitude.
  • Encourage the creation of a Central Direct Taxes Administration to handle issues connected to the imposition and collection of direct taxes.
  • Planning equipment (Final).
  • Posts and telegraphs;
  • The small-scale sector.
  • Reserve Bank of India;
  • Life Insurance Administration.
  • Public Sector Organisations;
  • Finance, Accounts, and Audit;
  • Scientific Divisions

Second Administrative Reforms in India

The second ARC, which was held in 2005, sought to better public administration. The Personnel and Administrative Reforms Department of the Government of India was promoted as a result of the submission of 15 reports and 1500 recommendations. The mandate topics addressed and prioritised in this ARC’s report were:

  • Strengthening the infrastructure for financial management;
  • Effective administration at the State and District levels.
  • Disaster management, e-government promotion, ensuring ethical behaviour in public service, and Indian government regulatory framework planning.

These were the second Administrative Reforms Commission’s most important proposals:

  • Introduce crisis management;
  • emphasize how the right to information is a crucial component of good governance;
  • emphasize human capital management
  • Promotion of citizen-centric administration;
  • Improvements to the administration of personnel;
  • Recommendations for maintaining public order.
  • Reducing Terrorism
  • Strengthening Financial Management Systems.
  • Promoting e-Governance.

Second Administrative Reforms Commission Implementation

In order to investigate and assess the Second Administrative Reforms’ suggestions for further implementation, the Government assembled the Group of Ministers (GoM) in 2007. The fifteen reports listed above were part of this Group of Ministers:

S.No. Report Name Recommendations  Approved
1. First report Right to Information: Key to Good Governance
2. Second Report Unclosing human funds: Entitlements and Government – a Case Study relating to NREGA
3. Third report Crisis Management From Despair to Hope
4. Fourth Report Ethics in Governance
5. Fifth Report Public order
6. Sixth Report Local Governance
7. Seventh Report Capacity Building for Conflict Resolution
8. Eight Report Combating Terrorism Protecting by Righteousness
9. Ninth Report Social Capital-A Shared Destiny
10. Tenth Report Refurbishing of Personnel Administration- Scaling New Heights
11. Eleventh Report Promoting e-governance: The intelligent way Forward
12. Twelfth Report Citizen-Centric Administration – The Heart of Governance
13. Thirteenth Report Organisational Structure of the Government of India
14. Fourteenth Report Strengthening Financial Management System
15. Fifteenth Report State and District Administration

Administrative Reforms Commission UPSC

The Administrative Reform Commission is an organization entrusted with advising the government on how to increase its effectiveness. Two commissions that have already been constituted have produced a number of recommendations, the bulk of which the administration has nearly completely considered and accepted. For the nation to advance, reform is a dynamic idea that must be maintained. Despite the fact that significant reforms have already been made, the administrative system still has many problems.Students can read all the details related to UPSC by visiting the official website of StudyIQ UPSC Online Coaching.

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Administrative Reform Commission FAQs

What is the Administrative Reform Commission?

There have been two Administrative Reforms Commissions (ARC) so far. The ARC set up in 1966 was headed first by Morarji Desai and later by K. Hanumanthaiah.

Who is the chairman of Administrative Reforms Commission?

Second Administrative Reforms Commission (ARC) was constituted on 31st August 2005, as a Commission of Inquiry, under the Chairmanship of Shri Veerappa Moily for preparing a detailed blueprint for revamping the public administrative system.

What is the 2nd Administrative Reform Commission?

2nd Administrative Reform Commission was established to make a comprehensive scheme to revamp the public administration system in India. Initially, Veerappa Moily managed the commission as the chairperson.

When was the Administrative Reforms Commission established in India?

ARC stands for Administrative Reforms Commission, a body appointed by the Government of India for reviewing the public administration system of India. The first ARC was established on January 5, 1966.

Who was the 1st Administrative Reforms Commission in India?

The first ARC was established on 5 January 1966. The Administrative Reforms Commission was initially chaired by Morarji Desai, and later on K. Hanumanthaiah became its chairman when Desai became the Deputy Prime Minister of India.

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