Q10. Write a short note on Nine Number channel and its strategic importance. (8m)
The Nine Degree Channel is a significant maritime feature located in the Indian Ocean. It separates the Lakshadweep Islands from the Minicoy Islands, both of which are territories of India.
- Maritime Navigation: It allows ships to move between the western coast of India and the eastern coast of Africa, facilitating trade and connectivity.
- Strategic Location: It is vital for maintaining sovereignty over the Lakshadweep and Minicoy Islands. Additionally, it plays a role in India’s naval strategy in the Indian Ocean.
- Defensive Significance: It allows for surveillance and monitoring of maritime traffic, contributing to national security.
- Economic Implications: The Nine Degree Channel supports fishing activities, benefiting the local economy and livelihoods. Moreover, it aids in the transportation of goods and resources, contributing to economic development in the region.
- Search and Rescue Operations: It facilitates the movement of vessels engaged in humanitarian missions and disaster response.
In conclusion, the Nine Degree Channel is a strategically important maritime passage in the Indian Ocean, serving multiple purposes, including trade, defence, and economic development. Its significance is not only regional but also international, as it plays a part in the broader geopolitics of the Indian Ocean region.
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