Q) “Transgenic crops ensure greater efficiency and precision in plant breeding but it requires careful application”. Discuss. (15 marks, 250 words)
“ट्रांसजेनिक फसलें पौधों के प्रजनन में अधिक दक्षता और सटीकता को सुनिश्चित करती हैं लेकिन इसके सावधानीपूर्वक उपयोग की आवश्यकता है।” चर्चा कीजिये।
Demand of the Question– The question demands understanding of transgenic crops, its use, drawbacks and challenges.
Directive Word– Discuss- This keyword demands mentioning about the details, the pros, cons, and suggestive measures to overcome the challenges.
Structure of the Answer
Intro- Describe what are transgenic crops. Give examples to suffice. Differentiate them from non-transgenic crops.
Body- In part one, discuss how transgenic crops give better efficiency and precision, this mainly includes pros of transgenic crops. Give examples for the same. In the second part, discuss about the challenges in application of such efficient and precise breeding. Include both on-field and non-field cons. Give examples of challenges in applicability.
Conclusion- State the urgency for need of transgenic crops. Mention about the ethical and environmental angle of it. And finally suggestions to make them effectively efficient in applicability.
Part of Syllabus– GS Paper 3- Combination of 3 topics- Awareness about bio-technology, Agriculture and Food security.