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The National Language of India, 22 Official Languages of India List

National Language of India Overview

Every region of India has a different culture, making it a diversified nation. Each of the 28 states and 8 Union Territories that make up this union represents its own unique cultural heritage and dialect. There are 22 scheduled languages in all, and they are all extensively spoken in various states, according to the eighth schedule of the Indian constitution. It was challenging to choose the national language of India because there are so many different languages spoken there. What is the language spoken in India? Which language is India’s national tongue? Know the national language inside and out.

List of Prime Minister of India

22 Official Language of India List

The eighth schedule of the Indian Constitution recognizes 22 different languages. Articles 343 to 351 of Part XVII of the Indian Constitution address the country’s official tongues.

The remaining languages were eventually added, following a number of changes, as initially only 14 languages were specified. View the list of all 22 Indian languages that the Indian Constitution recognizes.

Sr. No Language Recognition in state
1 Assamese Assam, Arunachal Pradesh
2 Bengali West Bengal, Tripura
3 Bodo Assam
4 Dogri Official language of Jammu and Kashmir
5 Gujarati Dadra and Nagar Haveli and Daman and Diu, Gujarat
6 Hindi Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Bihar, Dadra and Nagar Haveli and Daman and Diu, Chhattisgarh, Delhi, Gujarat, Haryana, Himachal Pradesh, Jharkhand, Madhya Pradesh, Jammu and Kashmir, Mizoram, Rajasthan, Uttar Pradesh, Uttarakhand, and West Bengal
7 Kannada Karnataka
Kashmiri Jammu and Kashmir
9 Konkani Dadra and Nagar Haveli and Daman and Diu, Maharashtra, Goa, Karnataka, and Kerala (The Konkan Coast)
10 Maithili Bihar, Jharkhand
11 Malayalam Kerala, Lakshadweep, Puducherry
12 Manipuri Manipur
13 Marathi Maharashtra, Goa, Dadra and Nagar Haveli and Daman and Diu
14 Nepali Sikkim and West Bengal
15 Odia Official language of Orissa
16 Punjabi Official language of Punjab and Chandigarh, 2nd official language of Delhi and Haryana
17 Sanskrit Himachal Pradesh, Uttarakhand
18 Santali Spoken by Santhal people mainly in the state of Jharkhand as well as in the states of Assam, Bihar, Chhattisgarh, Mizoram, Odisha, Tripura, West Bengal
19 Sindhi Gujarat and Maharashtra, especially Ulhasnagar
20 Tamil Tamil Nadu, Puducherry
21 Telugu Andhra Pradesh, Telangana, and Puducherry
22 Urdu Jammu and Kashmir, Telangana, Jharkhand, Delhi, Bihar, Uttar Pradesh, and West Bengal

List of President of India

What is the National Language of India?

Due to the country’s cultural variety, none of the languages are given the status of the National Language of India. In India, less than 44% of the population speaks Hindi. For many years, there has been discussion about making Hindi an official language, but to no success. No language may be designated as India’s national language under the terms of the Indian constitution. To be used for official purposes across the nation, Hindi and English have been designated as the official languages.

List of Vice Presidents of India

The National Language of India

Article 343(1) of the Indian Constitution states that Hindi written in Devanagari will be the official language of the Union. The international version of Indian numerals shall be utilized for all official purposes of the Union.

Only Hindi or English is allowed for official business in the Indian parliament and government buildings. In the entire nation, English may be used for official purposes, including legislative proceedings, correspondence between the Central Government and a State Government, and legal processes.

  • In accordance with Article 343, the Central Government only communicates with the states in the Hindi Belt in Hindi.
  • When interacting with the states, English is to be used as an Associate Official Language.

List of Chief Ministers of India

National Language Vs Official Language

Any language that is spoken by a sizable portion of a country’s population is considered the national language. It serves social, cultural, and political purposes. The language used for official activity, such as in the national court, parliament, or for business purposes, is often acknowledged and adopted by the government or in the legislature.

In accordance with Article 343, the Central Government shall communicate with the Hindi States in Hindi. When communicating with the states, English is to be utilized as an associate official language. Hindi and English are therefore the official languages of India, not the national languages, as stated in the Constitution.

Viceroy of India

22 languages of India Recognition

The eighth schedule of the Indian Constitution recognizes 22 different languages. Articles 343 to 351 of Part XVII of the Indian Constitution address the country’s official tongues.

The remaining languages were eventually added, following a number of changes, as initially only 14 languages were specified. View the list of all 22 Indian languages that the Indian Constitution recognizes.

 Important Articles of Indian Constitution

National Language of India: FAQs

Q What is the Official Language of India?

Ans. The eighth schedule of the Indian Constitution recognizes 22 different languages. Articles 343 to 351 of Part XVII of the Indian Constitution address the country’s official tongues.

Q How many languages have been recognized in the eighth schedule of the Indian constitution?
Ans. The eighth schedule of the Indian Constitution recognizes 22 different languages.

Q What are the 22 national languages of India?

Ans. Assamese, Bengali, Bodo, Dogri, Gujarati, Hindi, Kannada, Kashmiri, Konkani, Maithili, Malayalam, Manipuri, Marathi, Nepali, Odia, Punjabi, Sanskrit, Santali, Sindhi, Tamil, Telugu, and Urdu are only a few of the 22 languages spoken.

Q Is Hindi the national language of India?
Ans. Hindi is not India’s national language; it is an official language.

Q Which are the most spoken languages of India?
Ans. In India, the languages spoken the most frequently are Hindi, Bengali, Marathi, Telugu, and Tamil.

Major Incidents in Indian History

  1. Quit India Movement
  2. Chauri Chaura Incident
  3. Jallianwala Bagh Massacre
  4. Green Revolution in India
  5. Non-Cooperation Movement

Famous Personalities Biography

Mangal Pandey
Maharana Pratap
Rabindranath Tagore
Bhagat Singh
Jyotiba Phule
Satyendra Nath Bose
Raja Ram Mohan Roy
Subhash Chandra Bose

 

 

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FAQs

What is the Official Language of India?

The eighth schedule of the Indian Constitution recognizes 22 different languages. Articles 343 to 351 of Part XVII of the Indian Constitution address the country's official tongues.

How many languages have been recognized in the eighth schedule of the Indian constitution?

The eighth schedule of the Indian Constitution recognizes 22 different languages.

What are the 22 national languages of India?

Assamese, Bengali, Bodo, Dogri, Gujarati, Hindi, Kannada, Kashmiri, Konkani, Maithili, Malayalam, Manipuri, Marathi, Nepali, Odia, Punjabi, Sanskrit, Santali, Sindhi, Tamil, Telugu, and Urdu are only a few of the 22 languages spoken.

Is Hindi the national language of India?

Hindi is not India's national language; it is an official language.

Which are the most spoken languages of India?

In India, the languages spoken the most frequently are Hindi, Bengali, Marathi, Telugu, and Tamil.

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