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The full form of UNESCO is the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization. UNESCO stands as a beacon of global collaboration in the fields of education, science, culture, and communication. With its mission to promote peace, sustainable development, and intercultural understanding, UNESCO plays a vital role in preserving and promoting the world’s diverse cultural heritage, advancing scientific knowledge, fostering inclusive education, and advocating for freedom of expression.
As a specialized agency of the United Nations, UNESCO brings together nations from around the globe to collectively address the shared challenges and opportunities in these domains. Through its programs and initiatives, UNESCO contributes to building a more peaceful and inclusive world, where access to quality education, scientific advancements, and cultural appreciation are central pillars of progress.
Headquarters of UNESCO
The headquarters of UNESCO (United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization) is located in Paris, France.
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UNESCO World Heritage Sites in India List
Check here complete List of UNESCO World Heritage Sites in India given below:
Natural World Heritage Sites in India
|Kaziranga National Park||Assam||1985|
|Keoladeo Ghana National Park||Rajasthan||1985|
|Manas Wildlife Sanctuary||Assam||1985|
|Nanda Devi National Park and Valley of Flowers||Uttarakhand||1988, 2005|
|Sundarbans National Park||West Bengal||1987|
|Western Ghats||Maharashtra, Goa, Karnataka, Tamil Nadu, Kerala||2012|
|Great Himalayan National Park||Himachal Pradesh||2014|
Read about: Tentative List of UNESCO’s World Heritage Sites
Cultural World Heritage Sites in India
|Kakatiya Rudreshwara (Ramappa) Temple||Telangana||2021|
|The Architectural Work of Le Corbusier, an Outstanding Contribution to the Modern Movement||Chandigarh||2016|
|Victorian and Art Deco Ensemble of Mumbai||Maharashtra||2018|
|Historic City of Ahmedabad||Gujarat||2017|
|Archaeological Site of Nalanda Mahavihara (Nalanda University)||Bihar||2016|
|Hill Forts of Rajasthan||Rajasthan||2013|
|The Jantar Mantar||Rajasthan||2010|
|Red Fort Complex||Delhi||2007|
|Champaner-Pavagadh Archaeological Park||Gujarat||2004|
|Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus||Maharashtra||2004|
|Rock Shelters of Bhimbetka||Madhya Pradesh||2003|
|Mahabodhi Temple Complex at Bodh Gaya||Bihar||2002|
|Mountain Railways of India||Tamil Nadu||1999|
|Humayun’s Tomb, Delhi||Delhi||1993|
|Qutb Minar and its Monuments, Delhi||Delhi||1993|
|Buddhist Monuments at Sanchi||Madhya Pradesh||1989|
|Great Living Chola Temples||Tamil Nadu||1987|
|Group of Monuments at Pattadakal||Karnataka||1987|
|Churches and Convents of Goa||Goa||1986|
|Fatehpur Sikri||Uttar Pradesh||1986|
|Group of Monuments at Hampi||Karnataka||1986|
|Khajuraho Group of Monuments||Madhya Pradesh||1986|
|Group of Monuments at Mahabalipuram||Tamil Nadu||1984|
|Sun Temple, Konarak||Odisha||1984|
|Agra Fort||Uttar Pradesh||1983|
|Taj Mahal||Uttar Pradesh||1983|
Mixed World Heritage Sites in India
|Khangchendzonga National Park||Sikkim||2016|
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UNESCO (United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization) performs several important functions. Here are some key functions of UNESCO:
- Education: UNESCO promotes inclusive and quality education for all, focusing on access, equity, and lifelong learning. It develops educational policies, supports teacher training, and advocates for education as a fundamental human right.
- Science: UNESCO supports scientific research, fosters international scientific collaboration, and promotes the application of science for sustainable development. It works to advance scientific knowledge, address global challenges, and promote science education.
- Culture: UNESCO safeguards cultural heritage, promotes cultural diversity, and fosters intercultural dialogue. It designates and protects World Heritage Sites, preserves intangible cultural heritage, and promotes cultural industries for sustainable development.
- Communication and Information: UNESCO promotes freedom of expression, media development, and universal access to information. It advocates for media literacy, press freedom, and the use of information and communication technologies (ICTs) for knowledge sharing.
- Sustainable Development: UNESCO integrates education, science, culture, and communication to advance sustainable development goals. It encourages dialogue and cooperation among nations to address global challenges such as poverty, inequality, climate change, and social inclusion.
- Peace and Human Rights: UNESCO works towards building a culture of peace, tolerance, and respect for human rights. It promotes intercultural understanding, counteracts discrimination, and supports initiatives for peacebuilding and conflict resolution.
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UNESCO and India
UNESCO (United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization) and India share a significant partnership in various fields. Here are some key aspects of UNESCO’s collaboration with India:
- World Heritage Sites: India is home to several UNESCO World Heritage Sites, including iconic landmarks such as the Taj Mahal, Qutub Minar, Red Fort, and Ellora Caves. UNESCO works closely with the Indian government to preserve and protect these sites, promoting their cultural and historical significance on a global platform.
- Education: UNESCO supports India in advancing its educational system, focusing on inclusive and quality education for all. It collaborates with the Indian government to develop policies, enhance teacher training, and strengthen educational infrastructure to ensure access to education for marginalized communities.
- Science and Innovation: UNESCO works with India to promote scientific research, innovation, and the application of science for sustainable development. It encourages scientific cooperation, capacity building, and the dissemination of scientific knowledge to address global challenges such as climate change, biodiversity conservation, and water resource management.
- Cultural Diversity: UNESCO recognizes India’s diverse cultural heritage and encourages the preservation and promotion of cultural diversity. It supports initiatives for the safeguarding of intangible cultural heritage, the revitalization of traditional arts and crafts, and the documentation of cultural practices.
- Media Development and Freedom of Expression: UNESCO collaborates with India to foster media development, press freedom, and access to information. It promotes media literacy, the safety of journalists, and the use of media for intercultural dialogue and understanding.
- Sustainable Development Goals: UNESCO and India work together to achieve the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). They collaborate on various projects related to inclusive and equitable education, environmental conservation, cultural preservation, and social development.
The topic of UNESCO is crucial for the UPSC (Union Public Service Commission) examination as it aligns with the UPSC syllabus, which includes topics related to international organizations, cultural heritage, education, and sustainable development. Familiarity with UNESCO’s functions, programs, and initiatives is essential to comprehensively address questions related to global organizations, world heritage sites, and cultural diversity. Studying UNESCO also enhances knowledge about India’s association with the organization and its impact on various sectors. Aspirants can benefit from UPSC Online Coaching and UPSC Mock Test to deepen their understanding of UNESCO’s role in promoting education, science, culture, and peace globally, thereby improving their chances of success in the UPSC examination.
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