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Narendra Modi Biography, Age, Education, Political Career

Narendra Modi Biography

Prime Minister Narendra Modi:Narendra Modi, born on September 17, 1950, in Vadnagar, Gujarat, India, is an Indian politician who has served as the Prime Minister of India since May 2014. He belongs to the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP), a right-wing political party in India. Modi’s rise to political prominence is marked by his journey from a humble background to becoming one of the most influential leaders in Indian politics.

Narendra Modi Age, Date of Birth, and Full Name

Facts about Narendra Modi
Date of Birth of Narendra Modi PM Modi was born on September 17, 1950.
Age of Narendra Modi In Vadnagar, Gujarat, on September 17, 1950, the current Prime Minister Narendra Modi was born hence PM Modi Age is 73 years.
Full Name of Narendra Modi His full name is Narendra Damodardas Modi.
Constituency of Narendra Modi He serves as the Lok Sabha representative for the Varanasi constituency and is recognised as a strong party strategist.

Narendra Modi’s Early Life

Narendra Modi, the current prime minister, was raised in a small village in northern Gujarat. Gujarat University in Ahmedabad is where Modi earned his M.A. in political science. He organised a local chapter of the Akhil Bharatiya Vidyarthi Parishad, the RSS’s student wing, shortly after joining the pro-Hindu Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh (RSS) at the start of the 1970s. As he rapidly moved up the RSS hierarchy, Narendra Modi’s connection to the organisation immensely benefitted his eventual political career.

When Modi joined the BJP in 1987, the Gujarat branch of the party appointed him general secretary. Over the subsequent years, Narendra Modi had a crucial role in the party’s influence in the state expanding dramatically. For the BJP to construct India’s first-ever BJP-controlled government in March, Narendra Modi contributed to the party’s victory in the 1995 state legislative assembly elections. In 1990, a coalition administration was formed in the state, and Narendra Modi was one of the BJP members who participated. However, the BJP only had control over the state government until September 1996.

Narendra Modi Education

Narendra Modi, the Prime Minister of India has a relatively humble educational background. Here is a summary of Narendra Modi Education:

  • Primary Education: Narendra Modi was born on September 17, 1950, in Vadnagar, a small town in Gujarat, India. He completed his primary education in Vadnagar.
  • Higher Secondary Education: He completed his higher secondary education at a school in Vadnagar.
  • Bachelor’s Degree: Narendra Modi earned a Bachelor of Arts (BA) degree from the University of Delhi, where he studied political science and received his degree in 1978.
  • Postgraduate Degree: After completing his Bachelor’s degree, Modi pursued a Master’s degree in political science from the University of Gujarat in Ahmedabad. He completed his Master’s in 1983.

After his education, Narendra Modi worked in various capacities, including as a pracharak (campaigner) for the Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh (RSS), a right-wing Hindu nationalist organization, and later in the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP), where he rose through the ranks to become the Chief Minister of Gujarat in 2001.

In a lower-middle-class family of grocery store entrepreneurs, Narendra Modi was raised. He has shown that success is irrespective of one’s caste, religion, or place of residence. He was the first prime minister of India whose mother was still around when he took office.

Since that year, Indian politician Narendra Damodardas Modi has served as the country’s 14th and current prime minister. Formerly, from 2001 to 2014, he served as Gujarat State’s chief minister. He represents the Uttar Pradesh district of Varanasi in the legislature. He is a member of both the Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh (RSS), a right-wing paramilitary organisation of Hindu nationalists, and the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP). Of all the parties save the Indian National Congress, he has held the position of prime minister the longest.

Narendra Modi Political Career

Narendra Modi always displayed the utmost zeal and enthusiasm when it came to helping and supporting those who were in need. Narendra Modi offered his services to the soldiers at the train stations in 1965, during the Indo-Pak conflict. He also assisted those in need in Gujarat in 1967 during the floods. Modi started working for the Gujarat State Road Transport Corporation at the staff canteen. He later left there and started working full-time as an activist and advocate for the RSS, also known as a “pracharak.” Modi later attended the RSS camp in Nagpur for training.

To occupy any official position in the Sangh Parivar, any RSS member must enrol in the training programme. Akhil Bharatiya Vidyarthi Parishad (ABVP), the student wing’s more popular name, was presented to Narendra Modi. Senior political figures were impressed by his anti-emergency movement involvement. As a result, he was eventually chosen to serve as the regional organiser of Gujarat’s newly established Bharatiya Janata Party.

From an early age, Narendra Modi shown excellent organisational skills. He coordinated protests against the Emergency’s control as well as the covert distribution of RSS booklets during that time. During his time in the RSS, he interacted with Vasant Gajendragadkar and Nathalal Jaghda, two Jan Sangh stalwarts who went on to create the Gujarat state chapter of the BJP. Narendra Modi was introduced to politics in 1987 by the RSS, which suggested that he run for the BJP. Modi gained notoriety after overseeing the Ekta Yatra for Murli Manohar Joshi, which led to recognition of his effectiveness.

Political Timeline of Narendra Modi From 1975 to 2024

Years Events
2019 Narendra Modi, the prime minister of India, has been elected for a second five-year term.
2014 The 14th and current Prime Minister of India is Narendra Modi. On May 26, 2014, Modi took the oath of office as India’s prime minister. After India gained its independence from the British Empire, he became the country’s first prime minister.
2012 Modi won re-election in Maninagar. This time, he won by 34097 votes over Bhatt Shweta Sanjiv. In his fourth stint as chief minister, he again took the oath. Later, in 2014, he left the assembly.
2007 The third term of Modi’s leadership as CM began on December 23, 2007, and it ended on December 20, 2012. Once more, he prevailed over Maninagar. Dinsha Patel of Congress lost to him.
2002 The assembly election was won by him, who ran from Maninagar. By 38256 votes, he defeated Congressman Oza Yatinbhai Narendrakumar. He continued to serve as Gujarat’s chief ministers (The second term).
2001 Keshubhai Patel’s health was deteriorating, and the BJP suffered a couple losses in by-elections for state assembly seats. Modi took over as Gujarat’s Chief Minister after Patel was ousted by the BJP’s national leadership. Modi took his oath as Gujarat’s chief executive on October 7, 2001. He won the Rajkot II constituency’s by-election on February 24, 2002. By 14,728 votes, he defeated Ashwin Mehta of the INC. This was his first and only temporary position.
1995 He moved to New Delhi after being appointed BJP national secretary. He oversaw the Himachal Pradesh and Haryana electoral campaigns. In 1996, Modi was given the opportunity to become the BJP’s general secretary.
1990 Modi participated in the planning of L. K. Advani’s 1990 Ram Rath Yatra and Murli Manohar Joshi’s 1991–1992 Ekta Yatra.
1987 Modi was chosen to serve as the Gujarat branch of the BJP’s organising secretary.
1986 Modi succeeded L. K. Advani as BJP president. At that time, the RSS made the decision to give its members key posts within the BJP.
1985 Modi was given to the BJP by RSS. Modi assisted in planning the BJP’s campaign for the Ahmedabad municipal election later in 1987. The BJP won that election.
1979 He relocated to Delhi and started working with the RSS, where he was assigned to write and do research for the RSS’s account of the Emergency.
1978 He became a “RSS sambhag pracharak.” associated with RSS activity in the Surat and Vadodara regions.
1975 The RSS chose Narendra Modi to be the organization’s general secretary, or “Gujarat Lok Sangharsh Samiti”. In order to avoid being arrested during the Emergency, Modi was compelled to hide. Printing pamphlets critical of the government was something he did.

Narendra Modi’s Tenure as Chief Minister of Gujarat

As Gujarat’s chief minister, Modi marketed the state as “Vibrant Gujarat,” asserting that it had experienced significant economic growth and infrastructural development. However, some critics also draw attention to the state’s poverty, malnutrition, and lack of adequate education. According to statistics, the state was placed 18th in terms of literacy rate in 2014 and 14th in terms of poverty as of September 2013. On the other side, according to state officials, the state excels in terms of women’s education compared to other states. Additionally, the rates of maternal death and school dropout decreased. Gujarat is another state where the issue of land mafia is nonexistent.

The progress in the state, in contrast to what the state officials claimed, only affected the urban middle class, according to political scientist Christophe Jaffrelot. Government negligence extended to those living in rural areas and those who belonged to lower castes. Jaffrelot claimed that the number of people living in poverty had increased during Modi’s administration. The Dalit and tribal communities were viewed as inferiors at the same time. Other critics share the same opinion, including renowned economist Amartya Sen.

First Term (2001 to 2002)

  • Narendra Modi was selected as Gujarat’s chief minister on October 7, 2001.
  • He was charged with organising the party in anticipation of the elections in December 2002.
  • Modi prioritised the privatisation of small government institutions while serving as chief minister.
  • Violence in Gujarat in 2002: On February 27, a train carrying a large number of passengers—mostly Hindu pilgrims—near Godhra were set ablaze, resulting in the deaths of 58 persons. This incident led to anti-Muslim riots, which quickly spread throughout practically all of Gujarat.
  • The number of fatalities was estimated to be between 900 and 2,000. Curfews were implemented by the Narendra Modi-led administration in Gujarat in order to stop the violence from getting worse. The Modi administration was criticised by human rights groups, the media, and the opposition for taking ineffective and unsuitable measures to stop the violence.
  • In April 2009, the Supreme Court formed a Special Investigation Team (SIT) to look into Modi’s and the government’s involvement. The SIT informed the court in a report it submitted in December 2010 that it had not discovered any evidence against Modi. But in July 2013, the SIT was accused of hiding evidence.
  • As a result, pressure on the BJP increased as many opposition parties and allies called on Modi to resign from his role as chief executive. However, the BJP won a complete majority in the ensuing elections by gaining 127 of the 182 seats.

Second Term (2002 to 2007)

  • Modi placed a strong emphasis on Gujarat’s economic development, which led to the state becoming a popular place for investments.
  • He established financial and technological parks in the region.
  • Gujarat inked real estate investment agreements of Rs. 6,600 billion at the Vibrant Gujarat Summit in 2007.
  • In July 2007, Gujarat Chief Minister Narendra Modi served for 2,063 straight days, setting a record for the longest period of time in that position.

Third Term (2007 to 2012)

Later on, the state’s agricultural output significantly increased, largely as a result of initiatives to increase groundwater supplies in locations like Kachchh, Saurashtra, and other northern regions of the state. Additionally, initiatives were made to expand the usage of micro-irrigation and supply farms with an effective power source.

5,00,000 structures were built as part of infrastructure development projects in 2008, 1,13,738 of which were check dams. Out of the 112 tehsils, 60 had their groundwater levels return to normal in 2010. The production of Bt cotton that has been genetically engineered rose as a result. Gujarat’s agriculture growth rate grew to 9.6% between 2001 and 2007, and the state’s compound annual growth rate over the ten years from 2001 to 2010 was 10.97%, the highest of all Indian states.

Agriculture flourished thanks to a fundamental change in the way power is delivered to rural areas. In order to connect with the state’s Muslim population, Modi organised the Sadbhavana Mission, or Goodwill Mission, in late 2011 and early 2012. Modi believed that by doing so, he would “further strengthen Gujarat’s environment of peace, unity, and harmony.”

Fourth Term (2012 to 2014)

Modi got elected from the constituency of Maninagar after winning by a huge margin.

Narendra Modi: Major Achievements and Decisions


  • Eliminating high-value banknotes, in the opinion of Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi, will boost the economy even more and have long-term benefits, including exposing the huge shadow economy of the nation.
  • Per the policy, the legal tender status of the 500 and 1,000 rupee notes was terminated on December 31, 2016.

GST bill

  • The goods and services tax (GST), which the Modi administration adopted, has replaced more than a dozen federal and state levies in the 70 years since India’s independence.
  • Officials claim that by bringing millions of businesses into the tax system, it enhanced government revenue.
  • Businesses must upload their invoices to a website that will compare them to those of their suppliers or vendors in order to comply with the tax.
  • Businesses that fail to apply for tax identification numbers risk losing customers.

Abolition of Article 370

The Modi administration repealed Article 370, which gave Jammu and Kashmir special status, and proposed splitting the state into two union territories, Jammu and Kashmir and Ladakh. As a result, foreigners were no longer prohibited from purchasing real estate in the Indian state of Jammu and Kashmir, and state government positions as well as some college admissions were no longer restricted to residents of the state.

Citizenship Amendment Act (CAA)

The Modi administration’s passage of the Citizenship Amendment Act (CAA) is yet another genius move. However, the controversial CAA, which facilitates the acquisition of Indian citizenship for the persecuted non-Muslim minorities in Pakistan, Bangladesh, and Afghanistan, was adopted by Parliament roughly eight months ago and has since prompted protests across the country.

Muslim Women (Protection of Rights on Marriage) Act

  • The triple talaq bill, which was adopted by Parliament, was signed into law by President Ram Nath Kovind, making it illegal for Muslims to use quick divorce as a legal strategy.
  • The Muslim Women (Protection of Rights on Marriage) Act of 2019 ruled that talaq-e-biddat and any other kind of talaq that has the same effect as an immediate and irrevocable divorce determined by a Muslim spouse are invalid and illegal.
  • It made it illegal to use the term “talaq” three times in a succession when speaking, writing, sending an SMS, using WhatsApp, or using any other type of electronic chat programme.

Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s Major Decisions and Schemes

Following are the areas in which Narendra Modi has done some or other types of Major work:

Major Decisions and Schemes
  • 2016 Indian banknote demonetisation
  • 2020 Indian agriculture acts
  • Accessible India Campaign
  • Arunachal Frontier Highway
  • Aspirational Districts Programme
  • Atal Bhujal Yojana
  • Atal Mission for Rejuvenation and Urban Transformation
  • Atal Pension Yojana
  • Atmanirbhar Bharat Abhiyaan
  • Banks Board Bureau
  • Beti Bachao Beti Padhao
  • Bharat Parv
  • Bharatmala
  • BHIM
  • Central Organisation for Railway Electrification
  • Char Dham Highway
  • Char Dham Railway
  • DD Kisan
  • Deen Dayal Upadhyaya Antyodaya Yojana
  • Deen Dayal Upadhyaya Gram Jyoti Yojana
  • Deendayal Disabled Rehabilitation Scheme
  • Delhi–Ahmedabad high-speed rail corridor
  • Delhi–Kathmandu Bus
  • Chennai–Mysuru high-speed rail corridor
  • Delhi–Varanasi high-speed rail corridor
  • DigiLocker
  • E-NAM
  • EPathshala
  • Expenditure Management Commission
  • Digital India
  • DRDO Young Scientist Laboratories
  • FASTag
  • Fit India Movement
  • Forum for India–Pacific Islands Cooperation
  • Garib Kalyan Rojgar Abhiyaan
  • Give up LPG subsidy
  • Good Governance Day
  • Government e Marketplace
  • Gramin Bhandaran Yojana
  • Har Ghar Jal
  • Haryana Orbital Rail Corridor
  • Heritage City Development and Augmentation Yojana
  • Indian 200-rupee note
  • Pradhan Mantri Matru Vandana Yojana
  • JAM Yojana
  • Jeevan Pramaan
  • Know India Programme
  • Krishi Unnati Mela
  • Mahatma Gandhi Pravasi Suraksha Yojana
  • Make in India
  • Mann Ki Baat
  • Mega Food Parks
  • Micro Units Development and Refinance Agency Bank
  • Mumbai–Ahmedabad high-speed rail corridor
  • Mumbai–Hyderabad high-speed rail corridor
  • National Common Mobility Card
  • National Council for Transgender Persons
  • National Infrastructure Pipeline
  • National Institutional Ranking Framework
  • National Unity Day (India)
  • Netcare System
  • NITI Aayog
  • Pariksha Pe Charcha
  • PM CARES Fund
  • PM Gati Shakti
  • PM Kusum Scheme
  • Police Mitra scheme
  • Post Office Passport Seva Kendra
  • Pradhan Mantri Awas Yojana
  • Pradhan Mantri Bharatiya Janaushadhi Pariyojana
  • Pradhan Mantri Garib Kalyan Anna Yojana
  • Pradhan Mantri Garib Kalyan Yojana
  • Pradhan Mantri Jan Dhan Yojana
  • Pradhan Mantri Jeevan Jyoti Bima Yojana
  • Pradhan Mantri Kaushal Vikas Yojana
  • Pradhan Mantri Kisan Samman Nidhi
  • Pradhan Mantri Krishi Sinchai Yojana
  • Saubhagya scheme
  • Pradhan Mantri Shram Yogi Mandhan
  • Pradhan Mantri Suraksha Bima Yojana
  • Pradhan Mantri Ujjwala Yojana
  • Sagar Mala project
  • Sandes (software)
  • Sansad Adarsh Gram Yojana
  • Saurashtra Narmada Avtaran Irrigation
  • Security and Growth for All in the Region
  • Setu Bharatam
  • Shramew Jayate Yojana
  • Smart Cities Mission
  • Smart Village India
  • Social Endeavor for Health and Telemedicine
  • Soil Health Card Scheme
  • South Asia Satellite
  • Startup India
  • Sukanya Samriddhi Account
  • Svamitva Yojana
  • Swachh Bharat Mission
  • Swachh Dhan Abhiyan
  • UDAN
  • Udyog Aadhaar
  • Ujwal DISCOM Assurance Yojana
  • Ultra Mega Solar Power Projects
  • Unnat Jyoti by Affordable LEDs for All
  • Vidyanjali

Books written by Narendra Modi


Narendra Modi describes all the persons who, in his opinion, inspired him and had a significant impact on his work in “Jyotipunj.” Initially as a labourer and later as a “pracharak,” Modi was connected to the Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh (RSS). He provides a thorough look at the lives of those who influenced him. The book also includes these people’s reflections on their own thoughts.

Abode of Love

A collection of eight short stories by Narendra Modi is called “Abode of Love.” Modi wrote it while he was a very young man. These tales highlight the kind and tender side of his personality. According to Modi, motherly love is the greatest form of love and the root of all other forms. All forms of love, even those between lovers and friends, are reflections of a mother’s love. The book beautifully reveals the complexities of interpersonal interactions.


Narendrabhai Modi’s collection of short stories, “Premtirth,” contains these tales. He paints a heartfelt portrait of maternal feelings in this book using a style that is both simple and impressive.

Kelve Te Kelavani

“Education is that which nurtures,” is what the phrase “Kelave te Kelavani” implies. The book is a collection of the prime minister of India, Narendra Modi,’s wisecracks. His ideas and his plan to enact a Gujarati knowledge revolution are presented in the book. It displays his devotion to learning.


The letters in “Sakshibhav” are addressed to Jagat Janani Maa. Narendra Modi’s emotional journey and inner self are described. The book presents Modi’s personal reflections on his battle while he was an RSS employee.

Samajik Samarasata

The collection of papers and talks by Narendra Modi is called “Samajik Samarasata.” The maxim “Express your views not just through words but through actions too” is a fitting one for this book. The book details numerous instances of Modi’s encounters with dalits and represents his beliefs on social peace without caste-based prejudice. There are also stories about the events in many social reformers’ lives.

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Narendra Modi Biography FAQs

Who was the longest serving Prime Minister of India?

The longest-serving prime minister was Jawaharlal Nehru, also the first prime minister, whose tenure lasted 16 years and 286 days.

Who is our present PM?

Shri Narendra Modi was sworn-in as India's Prime Minister on 30th May 2019, marking the start of his second term in office

Who is the wife of Narendra Damodardas Modi?

Jashodaben Narendra Modi is a retired Indian school teacher. She is the estranged wife of Narendra Modi, the Prime Minister of India.

Who is higher than Prime Minister in India?

The president has all constitutional powers and exercises them directly or through subordinate officers as per the aforesaid Article 53(1). The president is to act following aid and advice tendered by the Prime Minister, who leads the Council of Ministers as described in Article 74 of the Constitution.

In which year Modi ji was born?

Narendra Modi was born on 17th September 1950 in Vadnagar, Gujarat.

What is PM Narendra Modi's age in 2023?

PM Narendra Modi's age in 2023 is 73 years old as of September 2023.

How can I contact Prime Minister of India?

Place a call to the Prime Minister's office at 011-230114547. You can also send a fax at 011-23019545 or 011-23016857. The “011” in the phone numbers listed is the area code for New Delhi; the remaining 9-digits are the local phone number.

Can we write a letter to prime minister?

Any grievances can be sent to Hon'ble Prime Minister / PMO using the interactive page link “Write to the Prime Minister” available on the PMO's website : https://www.pmindia.gov.in/

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