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List of European Countries by Population, Area and There Capitals

List of European Countries: After Australia, Europe is the second-smallest continent in the globe, yet it has the third-highest population, with more than 750 million people. The Eastern Hemisphere makes up the majority of its location, which is totally in the Northern Hemisphere. Europe and both Africa and Asia share the continent of Afro-Eurasia.

List of European Countries

Europe is an unique continent since it has an overland boundary with neighboring Asia and is not completely encircled by ocean. Physically, it is located in the northwest of the vast landmass known as Eurasia and is bounded by the Mediterranean Sea to the south, the Black Sea to the southeast, the Arctic Ocean to the north, and the Atlantic Ocean to the west.

Geographers and politicians debated the best way to define the boundary between two continents. The Caspian Sea, the Caucasus Mountains, and the Ural Mountains in Russia serve as common boundaries today. Currently, 51 separate states make up Europe. Transcontinental nations with parts in both Europe and Asia include Turkey, Kazakhstan, Azerbaijan, Georgia, and Russia. Despite geographically being in West Asia, Armenia and Cyprus are regarded as European nations from a political standpoint.

European Countries and Area it covers

The largest nation in Europe is Russia (37% of the entire continent’s surface), while the smallest is Vatican City, which takes up a very small space in the heart of Rome. France is the most popular tourism destination in this region of the world, with Paris as its top attraction, followed by Spain, Italy, the United Kingdom, and Germany.

Europe covers an area of around 4.06 million square miles (10.53 million square kilometers). The Black Sea, Caspian Sea, and Ural Mountains are to the east of the continent, while the Arctic Ocean, Atlantic Ocean, and Mediterranean Sea are to the north, west, south, and north-west, respectively, of the continent. The most widely used languages in Europe are German, English, French, Russian, Italian, Greek, Portuguese, Spanish, and the languages of the Nordic and Eastern European regions. Over 380 million people speak English, making it the most frequently used language in Europe.

Complete List of European Countries

Only 44 of the 50 nations that make up Europe have their capital city located within its borders. Russia is the largest nation in Europe, followed by Ukraine and France. Vatican City, with an area of about 0.44 square kilometers (0.17 square miles), is the tiniest nation in Europe.

Here is a List of European countries

Complete List of European Countries
1 Russia
2 Germany
3 United Kingdom
4 France
5 Italy
6 Spain
7 Ukraine
8 Poland
9 Romania
10 Netherlands
11 Belgium
12 Czechia
13 Greece
14 Portugal
15 Sweden
16 Hungary
17 Belarus
18 Austria
19 Serbia
20 Switzerland
21 Bulgaria
22 Denmark
23 Finland
24 Slovakia
25 Norway
26 Ireland
27 Croatia
28 Moldova
29 Bosnia and Herzegovina
30 Albania
31 Lithuania
32 North Macedonia
33 Slovenia
34 Latvia
35 Kosovo
36 Estonia
37 Montenegro
38 Luxembourg
39 Malta
40 Iceland
41 Andorra
42 Monaco
43 Liechtenstein
44 San Marino
45 Holy See

List of European Countries and Capitals

Below given is the complete list of European Countries and Capitals. Students can see the table to know about the European Countries and Capitals.

Country Capital city
Albania Tirana
Andorra Andorra la Vella
Armenia Yerevan
Austria Vienna
Azerbaijan Baku
Belarus Minsk
Belgium Brussels
Bosnia and Herzegovina Sarajevo
Bulgaria Sofia
Croatia Zagreb
Cyprus Nicosia
Czechia Prague
Denmark Copenhagen
Estonia Tallinn
Finland Helsinki
France Paris
Georgia Tbilisi
Germany Berlin
Greece Athens
Hungary Budapest
Iceland Reykjavik
Ireland Dublin
Italy Rome
Kazakhstan Astana
Kosovo Pristina
Country Capital city
Latvia Riga
Liechtenstein Vaduz
Lithuania Vilnius
Luxembourg Luxembourg (city)
Malta Valletta
Moldova Chisinau
Monaco Monaco
Montenegro Podgorica
Netherlands Amsterdam
North Macedonia Skopje
Norway Oslo
Poland Warsaw
Portugal Lisbon
Romania Bucharest
Russia Moscow
San Marino San Marino
Serbia Belgrade
Slovakia Bratislava
Slovenia Ljubljana
Spain Madrid
Sweden Stockholm
Switzerland Bern
Turkey Ankara
Ukraine Kyiv (also known as Kiev)
United Kingdom London
Vatican City (Holy See) Vatican City

Top 10 European Countries by Population

Here are the top 10 European countries by population, with their estimated populations as of 2023. Russia is by far the most populous country in Europe, with over 145 million people. Germany, the United Kingdom, France, and Italy are the next four most populous countries, each with over 60 million people.

Top 10 European Countries By Population
European Countries  Population
Russia 145.6 million
Germany 83.1 million
France 68 million
United Kingdom 66.8 million
Italy 60.2 million
Spain 47 million
Ukraine 44.3 million
Poland 37.9 million
Romania 19.3 million
The Netherlands 17.3 million

Top 10 European Countries in Terms of Area

Here is a list of the top 10 European countries in terms of area, with their land area in square kilometers (km2). Russia is by far the largest country in Europe, both in terms of population and area. Ukraine is the second largest country in Europe, followed by France, Spain, and Sweden.

Top 10 European Countries in Terms of Area
European Countries Area Covered
Russia 17,098,246 km²
Ukraine 603,500 km²
France 543,940 km²
Spain 505,992 km²
Sweden 450,295 km²
Germany 357,114 km²
Finland 338,425 km²
Norway 323,802 km²
Poland 312,696 km²
Italy 301,339 km²

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List of European Countries FAQs

How many countries are in EU ?

Currently, the European Union has 27 member countries.

What are the 17 European countries?

The EU countries are: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czechia, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain and Sweden.

Who is the 28th member of the EU?

Croatia applied for EU membership in 2003 and was in negotiations from 2005 until 2011. On 9 December 2011 leaders from the EU and Croatia signed the accession treaty. The country became the 28th EU member country on 1 July 2013.

Are there 50 or 51 countries in Europe?

According to the United Nations, there are 50 countries in Europe. These countries are further grouped according to their geographical regions and subregions. Some of the countries in these regions are de facto independent countries with limited to no international recognition.

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