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Prachanda Light Combat Helicopter

Genesis of the Light Combat Helicopter (LCH)

  • The need for a homegrown Light Combat Helicopter assault helicopter was realized during the 1999 Kargil war. Need was for precision strikes in all Indian battlefield scenarios.
    • This meant a craft that could operate in very hot deserts and also in very cold high altitudes, in counter-insurgency scenarios to full-scale battle conditions.
  • Accordingly, after initial deliberations, the government sanctioned the Light Combat Helicopter project in October 2006, and Hindustan Aeronautics Ltd (HAL) was tasked to develop it.
Light Combat Helicopter India
Light Combat Helicopter India

Features of the Light Combat Helicopter (LCH) ‘Prachanda’

  • Endurance: Light Combat Helicopter has an endurance of over three hours and a service ceiling at the maximum density altitude. Light Combat Helicopter can fly for 6.5 kilometers.
    • Endurance is the time that a helicopter can remain airborne with the fuel available.
  • Light Combat Helicopter Range: 550 kilometers with weapons.
  • Altitude: Light Combat Helicopter is the only attack helicopter in the world which can land and take off at an altitude of 5,000 meters with a considerable load of weapons and fuel.
  • Light Combat Helicopter Weaponry: A 20 mm turret gun, 70 mm rockets and air-to-air missile systems are onboard.
  • Capabilities: Destruction of enemy air defence, counter insurgency warfare, combat search and rescue, anti-tank, and counter surface force operations.
  • Combat features:
      • The helicopter uses radar-absorbing material to lower radar signature and has a significantly crash-proof structure and landing gear.
      • A pressurized cabin offers protection from nuclear, biological, and chemical (NBC) contingencies.
      • The helicopter is equipped with a countermeasure dispensing system that protects it from enemy radars or infrared seekers of the enemy missiles.
  • Significance:
    • Its multi-role features and all weather potentials is a formidable addition to IAF’s capabilities.
    • A major boost towards self-reliance in defense production and Atmanirbhar Bharat.
Light Combat Helicopter (LCH) ‘Prachanda’
Light Combat Helicopter (LCH) ‘Prachanda’

Stats IQ

Impact of Scheme on Women Inclusion

Scheme Impact
Pradhan Mantri Awas Yojana (PMAY-Gramin)
  • Over 69% of houses constructed under Pradhan Mantri Awas Yojana (PMAY-Gramin) scheme are either wholly or jointly owned by women in rural areas.
    • Till September 29, 2022, a total of two crore houses had been constructed out of the 2.46 crore houses that were sanctioned.
  • PMAY–G fulfil the aspirations of women of owning a pucca house and strengthened their participation in the financial decision making of the household.
    • Living in a pucca house with basic amenities gives security, dignity and basic amenities economic power and uplifts their social inclusion.
  • Pradhan Mantri Awas Yojana (Gramin) was launched by the Prime Minister in 2016 with the aim of constructing 2.95 crore houses.
Pradhan Mantri Ujjwala Yojana

 

  • Over 9.4 crore LPG connections have been released under the Ujjwala Yojana.
  • Scheme received global recognition from International Energy Agency, which has described it as a major achievement in improving the environment and health of women.
  • Pradhan Mantri Ujjwala Yojana (PMUY)
    • It is a scheme of the Ministry of Petroleum & Natural Gas for providing LPG connections to women from Below Poverty Line (BPL) households.
    • Ujjwala 2.0 now aims to cover 10 million more beneficiaries in the second phase of the scheme, with special focus on migrant families.
Swachh Bharat Mission
  • Women gain dignity and security under Swachh Bharat Mission, where 11.5 crore toilets were constructed in the rural areas and 70 lakh were built in the urban areas.
  • Impact of constructing Toilets: 93% of women reported that they were no longer afraid of being hurt by someone or harmed by animals while defecating;
    • 93% of women reported they are no longer afraid of contracting health infections;
    • 92% of women said they were no longer afraid of going to the toilet in the dark of night.
  • Swachh Bharat Mission Grameen (SBM-G): It was launched in 2014 by the Ministry of Jal Shakti to accelerate the efforts to achieve universal sanitation coverage and to put focus on sanitation.
  • Swachh Bharat Mission Urban (SBM-U): It was launched on 2nd October 2014 by the Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs.
Nari Shakti Initiative
  • Goal: To have “women-led” development instead of “development of women”.
  • Nodal Ministry: Ministry of Women and Child Development

 

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