Table of Contents
Water Connection: Objective
- Objective of Survey: To assess the functioning of the government’s Jal Jeevan Mission.
- Fully functional tap Water Connection is defined as a household getting at least 55 litres of per capita per day of potable water all through the year.
Water Connection: Highlight of Survey
- Under the ‘Har Ghar Jal’ villages, 91 per cent of the households were found to have a working tap Water Connection, which is higher than the overall national proportion (86 per cent).
- Functionality of household tap Water Connectionin the country increased by 14% in 2021-22 over the previous assessment in 2020-21.
- State Wise Coverage:
- More than 80% Coverage: Tamil Nadu, Himachal Pradesh, Goa, and Puducherry reported more than 80% of households with fully functional Water Connections.
- Less than 50% coverage: Rajasthan, Kerala, Manipur, Tripura, Maharashtra, Madhya Pradesh, Mizoram and Sikkim has less than 50% of households with fully functional Water Connection.
- States where functionality was less than the national average of 62% include Odisha (54%), Haryana and Jharkhand (55% each), Uttar Pradesh (57%) and Karnataka (58%).
- Aspirational District: 78 per cent of the households were found to have a working tap connection on the day of the survey, which is relatively lower than the overall national proportion (86 per cent).
- Institution Level: More than 90% of village-level institutions, such as schools and anganwadi centres, were getting potable water.
- Frequency of Supply: Close to three-fourths of households received water all seven days a week and 8% just once a week.
- On average, households got water for three hours every day, and 80% reported that their daily requirements of water were being met by the tap Water Connection.
- Quality: The water quality in some of the households was tested and revealed 95% of households to have within acceptable limits of pH values.
- Overall 93 per cent of the water samples were found to be free of bacteriological contamination.
- Purifying Method at household: More than half (57%) of the sampled households reported purifying water before drinking.
- Only around 3% of the households reported using reverse osmosis treatment for water purification prior to drinking.
- Concern of chlorine contamination: Most of the anganwadi centres and schools, had higher than the permissible range of residual chlorine and indicated inappropriate local dosing.
- There is a need to monitor the correct dosing of chlorine in the pipe water supply system,
- Chlorine within permissible limits is an indicator of a well-maintained and healthy piped water supply system.
Water Connection: Jal Jeevan Mission
- The Jal Jeevan Mission aims to provide safe and adequate drinking water through individual household tap connections by 2024 to all households in rural India.
- JJM looks to create a Jan Andolan for water, thereby, making it everyone’s priority.
- It comes under Jal Shakti Ministry.
- Financial outlay of ₹3.60 lakh crore, with the Central government funding 50% of the cost with States and Union Territories.
- Exception: North-eastern and Himalayan States and Union Territories with legislatures, where the Central government funds 90% of the bill and Union Territories without a legislature , where it funds 1000% of the bill.
- Performance till now: Goa, Telangana and Haryana have achieved 100% tap connectivity to all households.
- Union Territories like Puducherry, the Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Dadra and Nagar Haveli, and Daman and Diu, have also provided 100% of their households with tap water connections.
- Tap Water Connection doesn’t automatically imply access to regular potable water.