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Global Peace Index 2023
The Institute for Economics and Peace’s 2023 Global Peace Index offers a thorough rating of the world’s most peaceful nations. The average level of world peace declined for the ninth year in a row, according to the 17th edition of the Global Peace Index (GPI), the most widely used indicator of peace. 84 countries saw improvements and 79 saw declines.
This illustrates that the declines were greater than the gains, as post-COVID increases in civil unrest and political instability continue to be significant, and conflicts at the local, national, and international levels are intensifying. Iceland’s prolonged reign as the world’s most peaceful nation and India’s rating are two of the report’s significant findings highlighted in this article.
Global Peace Index 2023 Key Findings
The Key Results of Global Peace Index 2023 have been discussed below
- Global conflict-related fatalities rose by 96% to 238,000.
- According to new data, Ethiopia has more conflict fatalities than Ukraine, surpassing the world’s previous high during the Syrian War.
- Increased levels of conflict were seen in 79 nations, including Ethiopia, Myanmar, Ukraine, Israel, and South Africa.
- Violence’s impact on the world economy climbed by 17% or $1 trillion, reaching $17.5 trillion in 2022, or 13% of global GDP.
- A Chinese blockade of Taiwan would result in a $2.7 trillion decline in world economic production, about twice the loss brought on by the global financial crisis of 2008.
- Despite the Ukraine war, 92 countries increased their military spending, while 110 reduced their military manpower.
- With 91 countries currently embroiled in some sort of external war, up from 58 in 2008, conflicts are becoming increasingly globalized.
Global Peace Index Score
A composite index that uses 23 quantitative and qualitative measures, each of which is weighted on a scale of 1 to 5, to determine the level of peace in various nations. The more peaceful the nation, the lower the score.
Global Peace Index Score
|Rank of Countries||
Name of the Countries
|Score of the Country|
Global Peace Index and India’s Ranking
India is ranked 126th out of 163 nations in the world according to the Global Peace Index. India’s overall rating of 2.31 is lower than the world average of 2.314. Although the nation continues to struggle with achieving high levels of peace, this gives a chance for development. Due to reductions in violent crime, better relations between neighbors, and political unrest, India’s overall peacefulness increased by 3.5% over the previous year.
The political instability indicator in India improved as geopolitical tensions with China decreased as a result of fewer border incidents and less civil unrest generally.
- But compared to its neighbors, such as Bhutan (17), the Maldives (23), Nepal (79), China (80), Bangladesh (88), and Sri Lanka (107), it lags considerably behind.
- Pakistan and Myanmar, with respective rankings of 146th and 139th, are two nations that lag behind India.
- Afghanistan is still the nation with the least amount of peace in the entire planet.
Global Peace Index Key Facts
The Institute for Economics & Peace (IEP), a global think tank, publishes the global peace index. IEP has offices in Oxford, New York, and Mexico City in addition to its Australian headquarters in Sydney.
The GPI report offers the most thorough data-driven analysis to date on the topic of peace, including trends, its economic significance, and strategies for creating peaceful communities. The research employs 23 qualitative and quantitative variables from reputable sources to produce the index, which includes 99.7% of the world’s population.
Broadly the indicators include
- Ongoing Conflict
- Safety and Security