Q) “Discuss briefly the Indus Water Treaty dispute and suggest measures to potentially reduce tensions between India and Pakistan over water-related issues. (15 marks, 250 words)
सिंधु जल संधि विवाद पर संक्षेप में चर्चा करें और पानी से संबंधित मुद्दों पर भारत और पाकिस्तान के बीच तनाव को संभावित रूप से कम करने के उपाय सुझाएं।
Demand of the Question– This question requires detailed understanding of Indus Water Treaty (IWT), its origin, provisions, and impact of it on Indo-Pakistan relations, especially on water-related issues.
Directive Word– Discuss briefly- This keyword demands mentioning about the issues, and covering its pros, cons and impact on relation, especially on water-related issues.
Structure of the Answer
Intro– Mention the origins of the IWT, and link with the Indo-Pakistan ties.
Body– In the first part, mention the provisions of IWT. Discuss about the pros of it with respect to Indo-Pakistan relation and also relating to water issues. In the second part, mention its shortcomings and link it to the last part. In the last part, mention and discuss suggestions, how these suggestions can help ease tensions with respect to water issues in particular and Indo-Pakistan relations in general.
Conclusion– State the importance and success of IWT, mention what can be done more to enhance its impact on betterment of water-related relations.
Part of Syllabus– GS Paper 2-India and its neighborhood- relations.