Home   »   Daily Current Affairs for UPSC

Daily Current Affairs for UPSC – 20 June 2023

Daily Current Affairs for UPSC 2023

Q) Which of the following may not be the possible reasons for Flood Disaster in India?

  1. Tropical cyclones and hurricanes.
  2. Less sediment deposition in riverbed.
  3. Heavy rain in the catchment area of a river.
  4. Change in the course of the river due to landslides.

Explanation:

  • Option (1) is correct: Tropical cyclones and hurricanes are powerful weather systems often bring heavy rainfall and storm surges, resulting in widespread flooding in coastal and low-lying areas. In 2019, Cyclone Fani hit the eastern coast of India, resulting in heavy rainfall and storm surges.
  • Option (2) is incorrect: Riverbeds become shallow due to sedimentation. The water carrying capacity of such river is reduced. As a result, the heavy rainwater overflows the river banks. Frequent floods were observed in 2003, 2008, 2011, and 2013 near the deltaic region of the Mahanadi River due to the excessive sediment deposition.
  • Option (3) is correct: Heavy rain in the catchment area of a river causes water to overflow its banks, which results in the flooding of nearby areas. The ongoing Assam floods are due to heavy rainfall in a short period of time.
  • Option (4) is correct: Meanders, erosion of riverbeds and banks, and obstruction of flow due to landslides also lead to changes in river courses. The 2008 Kosi River flood resulted from heavy rainfall and a subsequent course change, leading to catastrophic flooding, displacement of thousands, and widespread damage in Bihar, India.

Q) Which of the following can be considered as consequences of Flood Disaster in India?

  1. Devastation of agricultural lands, crops and livestock.
  2. Deposition of fertile silt over agricultural fields, which may restore the fertility of the soil.
  3. Spread of diseases like cholera and other water-borne diseases spread in the flood-affected areas.

Select the correct answer using the code given below:

  1. Only one
  2. Only two
  3. All three
  4. None

Explanation:

  • Option (3) is correct: The following can be consequences of Flood Disaster in India :
  • Loss of life and injuries: Floods can result in the loss of human lives and cause injuries, especially when people are caught unaware or unable to evacuate in time.
  • Damage to infrastructure: Floodwaters can cause severe damage to roads, bridges, buildings, and other infrastructure. This damage can disrupt transportation networks, communication systems, and essential services, making rescue and relief operations challenging.
  • Displacement and homelessness: Floods often force people to evacuate their homes and seek shelter in temporary accommodations or relief camps.
  • Impact on agriculture and food security: Floods can devastate agricultural lands and crops, destroy livestock leading to significant losses in the agricultural sector.
  • Water contamination and health risks: Spread of diseases like cholera, gastro-enteritis, hepatitis and other water-borne diseases spread in the flood-affected areas.
  • Environmental damage: Floods can cause erosion, sedimentation, and the destruction of natural habitats.
  • Soil fertility: Floods also make a few positive contributions. Every year, flood deposit fertile silt over agricultural fields which restores fertility of the soil.

Q) With respect to Quantum Computing, consider the following statements:

  1. Interferences are dots of nanoscale regions that can confine and manipulate individual electrons.
  2. Entanglement is the ability of a Quantum Computing system to be in multiple states simultaneously.
  3. Superposition is the state where two systems are so strongly correlated that getting information about one system will give immediate information about the other.

How many statements given above is/are correct?

  1. Only one
  2. Only two
  3. All three
  4. None

Explanation:

  • Statement 1 is incorrect: Quantum dots are nanoscale regions that can confine and manipulate individual electrons. Qubits are encoded in the spin or charge states of these confined electrons. Whereas, Interference can control quantum states and amplify the signals that go towards the right answer, while signals that are leading to the wrong answer are cancelled.
  • Statement 2 is incorrect: Superposition is the ability of a Quantum Computing system to be in multiple states simultaneously.
  • Statement 3 is incorrect: Entanglement is the state where two systems are so strongly correlated that getting information about one system will give immediate information about the other, even if they are far apart.

Q) With respect to India-Vietnam relations, consider the following statements:

  1. India and Vietnam are members of the Mekong–Ganga Cooperation.
  2. India gifted the indigenously built light-combat aircraft (LCA) “Tejas” to Vietnam.
  3. India granted the “Most favoured nation” status to Vietnam in 1991 after liberalization policy.
  4. Vietnam has supported India’s bid to become a permanent member of the United Nations Security Council.

How many statements given above is/are correct?

  1. Only one
  2. Only two
  3. Only three
  4. All of the above

Explanation:

  • Statement 1 and 4 are correct: India and Vietnam are members of the Mekong–Ganga Cooperation, created to develop to enhance close ties between India and nations of Southeast Asia. Moreover, Vietnam has supported India’s bid to become a permanent member of the United Nations Security Council and join the Indo-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC).
  • Statement 2 and 3 are incorrect: India granted the “Most favoured nation” status to Vietnam in 1975 and both nations signed a bilateral trade agreement in 1978 and the Bilateral Investment Promotion and Protection Agreement (BIPPA) on 8 March 1997. Recently, India gifted the indigenously built in-service missile corvette INS Kirpan to Vietnam to enhance its naval capabilities.

Q) Consider the following statements about the Gandhi Peace Prize.

  1. Gita Press, Gorakhpur, has been selected for the Gandhi Peace Prize for the year 2021.
  2. The award was instituted by the Government of India in 1995 during the commemoration of the 125th birth anniversary of Mahatma Gandhi.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

  1. 1 only
  2. 2 only
  3. Both 1 and 2
  4. Neither 1 nor 2

Explanation:

  • Option (3) is correct: Gandhi Peace Prize is an annual award given to those involved in social, economic, and political transformation through non-violence. The award was instituted by the Government of India in 1995 during the commemoration of the 125th birth anniversary of Mahatma Gandhi. The award carries an amount of Rs.1 crore, a citation in a scroll, a plaque. Further, it also consists of an exquisite traditional handicraft/handloom item. Gita Press, Gorakhpur, has been selected for the Gandhi Peace Prize for the year 2021. Gita Press was founded officially in 1923 by Jaydayal Goyandka in West Bengal. It is one of the world’s largest publishers, having published 41.7 crore books in 14 languages, including 16.21 crore Shrimad Bhagvad Gita.

Sharing is caring!

Leave a comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *