Context: Minister of State for Health said cancer cases in India will cross the 15 lakh mark by 2025.
Highlights of Cancer Burden in India
- Indian Council of Medical Research in December last year had estimated that cancer cases are likely to increase from 14.6 lakh in 2022 to 15.7 lakh in 2025 in India.
- In the last decade, cancer cases have risen from around 10 lakh in 2012 to 14.6 lakh in 2022.
Economic Burden of Cancer Treatment
- Parliamentary Standing Committee report on cancer, released in September 2022, expressed concern about the inaccessible and increasing cost of cancer treatment.
- According to the National Sample Survey (NSS) 2017-18 report, the average medical expenditure per hospitalisation case for cancer treatment was Rs 68,259 in urban areas.
Poor Insurance Penetration
- According to the NSS 2017-18 report, more than 80% of hospital bills are paid out of pocket.
Age Wise Impact
- NSS data shows that 153 per 1 lakh people in the 45-59 age group and 300 per 1 lakh in the 60-69 age group reported hospitalisation due to cancer.
- Cancer often strikes around the retirement age of an earning member, which leads to mounting debt burden.