Bandipur National Park
In Karnataka, India, there is a national forest called Bandipur National forest. Most of the forested regions in what was formerly the Venugopala Wildlife Park, founded in 1941, were incorporated to create the Bandipur National Park. In 1985, the area was expanded, and Bandipur National Park was given to the full area. It is one of the important topic of Environment one of the important subject of UPSC Syllabus. The UPSC Mock Test can help candidates prepare for the exam with more precision.
Bandipur National Park History
The Bandipur National Park was once used as a hunting refuge by the Maharaja of the Kingdom of Mysore. The most well-known national park in the south Indian state of Karnataka is called Bandipur, and it is distinguished by its diverse fauna and diverse biomes in the dry deciduous forest. It was created as a forest tiger reserve as part of Project Tiger in the year 1974. One of India’s best-managed forests, according to many.
The world’s largest number of wild elephants can be found in this reserve, which is the largest protected area in South India. The forest is situated along the Mysore-Ooty roads. This maintains the park close to a well-traveled route that draws many tourists each year. Elephants and tigers in great numbers can be found in the park. Tamil Nadu and Karnataka both use this area. The park in Tamil Nadu is known by the moniker Mudhumalai Reserve. Bandipur National Park has been proposed as a heritage location.
Also Read: Kanha National Park
Bandipur National Park Location
The park is located where the Western Ghats and the Deccan Plateau converge. The elevation of the area ranges from 680 to 1,454 metres.
Bandipur National Park Different Area
The scrub jungle and significant forest regions make up the east area. The forest section of the park contains both dry and wet deciduous trees. The park’s shrublands are home to many flowering species. the ideal location to observe birds. Here, carnivorous animals are simpler to detect.
The central area includes the Nugu River, which is well known for its wildlife viewing opportunities. The Himavad Gopalaswamy Betta peak is located in this area. The highest vantage spot in the park is here. Hikers and pilgrims are well-known for this summit. To get a bird’s-eye view of the park, people ascend to the summit. There is a Hindu temple on the top. There are plants here called sandalwood. Elephants frequently visit the watering holes close to the slope because of their abundance.
The most well-known landmark of this area is located north-west of the Kabini Reservoir. It is the primary water supply for the park. This is the ideal location to search for wildlife in the summer. The predominant types of forest in this location are dry deciduous forest and tropical forest. The region will be verdant during the monsoon season. The Moyar River encircles this region on its southern side. The finest location to see a wide range of animals is here. Deer, elephants, bison, squirrels, forest cats, and other creatures can be found in this region.
The waterway and backwaters of Kabini are located in the north. Additionally, there are two waterways in this region. Activities here that are common include boating and bird watching. When the river closes up in the summer, birds can be seen in swarms. Numerous animals are also visible. There are bicycle tours offered in this area.
Bandipur National Park Flora
Flora in Bandipur National Park is The park’s woodland is home to numerous species of teak, rosewood, sandalwood, Indian kino tree, Indian laurel, clumping bamboo, and giant clumping bamboo. Axle wood, black cutch, indigo berry, golden shower tree, black myrobalan, flame of the forest, kadam tree, Indian gooseberry, and other flowering and fruit trees to look for include axle wood, black cutch, indigo berry, golden shower tree, black myrobalan, kadam tree, and others. Tamarind, mango, and other popular trees can also be found here.
Bandipur National Park Fauna
Elephant and tiger encounters at the Bandipur National Park are well-known for occurring there. Among the best animals to see in this area are the bonner macaque, dhole, civet, jungle cat, Indian palm, giant flying squirrel, striped hyena, rusty-spotted cat, Nilgiritahr, leopard, Hanuman langur, cat leopard, four horned antelope, and Indian hare red.
In this region, birdwatching is a well-liked leisure time. This park is home to a variety of species, including peafowl, junglefowl, drongos, redheaded vultures, flowerpeckers, Indian rollers, crested serpent eagles, bee-eaters, hawk eagles, kingfishers, and ospreys. More than 200 distinct bird species can be found in the park. Just before monsoon season, bird breeding season starts.
Here you can find a variety of snakes, including the Indian rock python, Indian pond terrapin, flying lizard, mugger, monitor lizard, rat snake, and others. Look out for the common rose, common jay, lime butterfly, Malabar raven, crimson rose, blue Mormon, and other butterflies, such as the common rose, common jay, crimson rose, and blue Mormon. Many different kinds of butterflies can be found in the park. There are also many different kinds of beetles to be found here. In addition, numerous novel species of butterflies and beetles have yet to be discovered. Turtles, crocodiles, and amphibians can also be found here.
Bandipur National Park UPSC
Project Tiger led to the establishment of Bandipur National Park in 1973. It was expanded and given the name Bandipur National Park in 1985 by incorporating nearby sections of Venugopala Wildlife Park. It is located in one of the regions with the greatest biodiversity in the nation. Mudumalai Tiger Reserve in Tamil Nadu, Wayanad Wildlife Sanctuary in Kerala, and the Kabini Reservoir separating Bandipur and Nagarahole Tiger Reserves in the Northwest all encircle it. Students can read all the details related to UPSC visiting the official website of StudyIQ UPSC online Coaching.