Context: The recent crimes in Lucknow bring back the notion of deep-rooted phenomenon of Criminalization of Politics in Indian Political system.
About Criminalization of Politics
- It means the participation of criminals in politics. People with criminal background contest in the election and get selected as a Member of Parliament or state legislature.
- In a democratic country like India, the increasing nexus between criminals and politics threatens the survival of true democracy.
- The increasing percentage of members of parliament who have a criminal background:
- 2004- 24%
- Nearly 50% of MPs in 2019 Lok Sabha have criminal records.
- The increasing number of members with criminal records in parliament threatens the survival of any true democracy.
Reason behind the Criminalization of Politics
- Increasing nexus between politicians and bureaucracy.
- The increasing interference of politicians in administration.
- At the time of the election, political parties spend a huge sum of money buying the votes for another illegitimate purpose.
- Poor Governance: It plays an important role in increasing the criminalization of politics. It doesn’t have the proper laws and rules for governing the procedure of the election.
- Law Commission 179th report on criminalization of politics
- It recommended an amendment to the Representation of people act 1951.
- It suggested the people with criminal backgrounds should be disqualified for five years or until acquittal.
- It recommended that the person who wants to contest the election must furnish details regarding any pending case, with the copy of the FIR/complaint, and also furnish details of all assets.