Amnesty International is an International non-governmental organization that campaigns for human rights. It was founded in 1961 and has its headquarters in London, UK. The organization’s mission is to protect people’s rights, dignity, and freedom by advocating for justice and fighting against human rights abuses worldwide.
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Amnesty International History
Amnesty International is a non-governmental organisation based in London that was founded in 1961. The organization’s goal is to build a future in which everyone has access to all of the human rights guaranteed by the Universal Declaration of Human Rights and other international human rights standards.
In 1948, the Universal Declaration of Human Rights was adopted. It universally recognised fundamental human rights for the first time. It also conducts research, mobilises action to prevent serious violations of human rights, and seeks justice for those whose rights have been infringed. In 1977, the organisation received the Nobel Peace Prize for its “defence of human dignity against torture,” and in 1978, it received the United Nations Award in the category of Human Rights.
|Amnesty International Headquarters||London, United Kingdom|
|Founded By||Peter Benenson and Eric Baker|
|Aim||To protect human rights around the world|
Amnesty International Foundation
Peter Benenson, who founded the organisation in London, sought to file an appeal in Britain to achieve amnesty for prisoners of conscience (those arrested for their convictions, faith, race, or skin colour, and who have not used force against others) around the world. Peter Benenson was horrified when two Portuguese students were arrested for raising a freedom toast. Amnesty International became worldwide in 1963, with the founding of an international secretariat, after years of slow expansion.
This organisation is independent of governments, political parties, ideologies, or religious differences, and its focus has shifted from the release of political prisoners to the abolition of the death penalty, the protection of sexual and reproductive rights, and the enforcement of refugee and migrant rights.
Amnesty International Headquarters
Amnesty International’s headquarters are in London, United Kingdom. Amnesty International also has regional offices in different parts of the world, including Africa, the Americas, Asia-Pacific, Europe, the Middle East and North Africa.
Amnesty International Objectives
In order to ensure that every person in the world has access to their human rights as described in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, Amnesty International was established. Here are some of Amnesty’s objectives:
- Free all prisoners of conscience
- Ensure fair and prompt trials
- Abolish the death penalty, torture, and other inhumane treatment of prisoners.
- Stopping state-sponsored terrorism, murder, and disappearances.
- Help anyone in need of political sanctuary.
- Put an end to all forms of violence against women.
- Collaborate with organisations dedicated to putting a stop to human rights violations.
- Raise public awareness of global human rights breaches.
- Raising awareness of the threat that poverty poses to people’s sense of dignity while furthering justice and peace
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Amnesty International Human Rights
Amnesty International is a non-governmental organisation that advocates for human rights around the world. The group believes that everyone, regardless of race, gender, religion, nationality, or other status, should have access to all of the human rights stated in the International Declaration of Human Rights.
Amnesty International works in a variety of ways to promote and protect human rights. The group conducts research and investigations into human rights violations and then produces reports that detail its findings. It also advocates for governments, international organisations, and other stakeholders to take action to redress human rights breaches and promote human rights respect.
Amnesty International works on the following human rights issues:
- Torture and other types of cruel, inhuman, or humiliating treatment or punishment must be abolished.
- The death penalty should be abolished.
- The rights of refugees, asylum seekers, and migrants must be protected.
- Women’s rights and gender equality are being promoted.
- Combating discrimination and hate crimes.
- Ensure that everyone has the right to free expression, association, and assembly.
Amnesty International’s work seeks to hold those responsible for human rights violations accountable, assist and empower human rights defenders, and create a world in which everyone can live with dignity, equality, and freedom.
Amnesty International India
Amnesty International India was a section of Amnesty International, a global human rights organisation formed in 1961. For more than three decades, the organisation maintained a presence in India, where it worked to promote and preserve human rights. Amnesty International India worked on a variety of human rights problems, including the abolition of the death penalty, the promotion of women’s rights and gender equality, and the fight against discrimination and hate crimes.
However, Amnesty International India was forced to stop activities in the country in 2020 when the Indian government froze the organization’s bank accounts and accused it of breaking Indian laws. Since then, Amnesty International India has taken the Indian government to court, claiming that its actions are politically motivated and an attack on free expression and human rights in the country.
On 16 February 2021, the Enforcement Directorate attached the organization’s possessions worth 17.66 crores (approximately $2.4 million at the time) in connection with an alleged violation of the Foreign Contribution Control Act” (FCRA).
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Amnesty International Significance
Amnesty International has accomplished ground-breaking successes all around the world for over 50 years. It has spread beyond London, establishing itself in Africa, Asia, Europe, South America, and the Middle East. It has helped thousands of political prisoners and victims of human rights violations.
Amnesty International has been significant in combating human rights violations and raising awareness of armed conflict, climate change, arms control, corporate accountability, the death penalty, discrimination, freedom of expression, refugee rights, and torture.
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Amnesty International UPSC
Amnesty International has been known to give information and resources on human rights and social justice problems that may be relevant to the UPSC syllabus or preparation. The organization’s reports and publications can be a valuable source of information for UPSC applicants, particularly in themes such as international relations, human rights, and social justice.
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