Q) What do you understand by the term ‘Global South’? Why is it significant for India? Briefly outline initiatives taken by India for South-South cooperation. (15 mark, 250 word)
‘ग्लोबल साउथ‘ शब्द से आप क्या समझते हैं? यह भारत के लिए क्यों महत्वपूर्ण है? दक्षिण–दक्षिण सहयोग के लिए भारत द्वारा की गई पहलों की संक्षेप में रूपरेखा प्रस्तुत करें।
Demand of the Question– The question demands understanding of basic terminologies of International Relation- Global South, South-South Cooperation, and its significance, impact and threat/challenges.
Directive Word– What- It demands a basic definition of the concept. Why- It demands mentioning reasons for its significance for India. Briefly Outline- It demands mentioning of basic crux of various initiatives for South-South Cooperation.
Structure of the Answer
Intro– Describe the term Global South. Give examples of regions and countries that it covers. Mention recent reference of India’s engagement in the Global South.
Body– In part one, state the importance of Global South from the pov of India, cover various aspects ranging from economic, security, diplomatic, military etc. In part two, list out threats and challenges to India’s engagement to Global South, linking to the next part. In the last part, describe the initiatives for South-South Cooperation, why is the need of such initiatives and what are the expected outcomes.
Conclusion– State the importance of India as an emerging leader in the World and in Global South. Thus I need to actively engage and cooperate. Mention unsolved threats and some suggestions to better engage.
Part of Syllabus– GS Paper 2-Bilateral, regional and global groupings and agreements involving India and/or affecting India’s interests.