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UPSC Geography Syllabus for Optional Paper 1 & Paper 2, PDF

UPSC Geography Syllabus

UPSC Geography Syllabus

There are a total of 26 optional subjects of which 25 optional are related to different disciplines and 1 is related to Literature of any 23 languages so, the total number of optional subjects is 48. Geography is also one of them. The majority of candidates who choose geography as a graduation subject or who are interested in the subject choose it as an optional subject for the main exam.

However, according to applicants who have previously passed UPSC Exams, geography is an easy-to-understand and more scientific topic, which is why many candidates with backgrounds in science, medicine, and engineering prefer it. The UPSC Geography Optional Syllabus should be thoroughly understood by candidates in order to achieve high marks in this subject, which ultimately affects the final score in the UPSC Mains Exam.

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UPSC Geography Optional Syllabus

UPSC Geography Syllabus for Optional is designed very precisely by the UPSC to check the in-depth knowledge of the subject from the candidates. This subject is conceptual cum factual that is best for those candidates who have an interest in the physical geographical phenomenon and know about climatology, oceanography etc. The total number of marks for the UPSC Geography Optional Subject would be 500. Each paper carries 250 marks. Read the complete article for UPSC Geography Syllabus for Papers 1 and 2 in detail and start preparing according to the stated topics.

UPSC Geography Syllabus Paper 1

UPSC Geography Syllabus Paper 1 is also called Principles of Geography which is categorised into two sections one is Physical Geography and other is Human Geography.

Read More: UPSC Optional Subjects

Principles of Geography

Paper 1 of the UPSC Geography Optional is all about Physical Geography and Human Geography which is majorly divided into 10 chapters, 5 chapters in each section. Every Chapter has sub-topics which are listed below in detail.

Physical Geography

The Physical Geography section mainly comprises Geomorphology, Climatology, Oceanography, Biogeography and Environment Geography.

Physical Geography

Read More:  UPSC Prelims Syllabus

Human Geography

And the Human Geography section consists of Perspectives in Human Geography, Economic Geography, Population & Settlement Geography, Regional Planning, Models, Theories and Laws in Human Geography.

Human Geography

Read More: UPSC Syllabus in Hindi

UPSC Geography Syllabus Paper 2

UPSC Geography Syllabus Paper 2 mainly consists Geography of India which includes Physical Setting, Cultural Setting, Settlements, Regional Development & Planning, Resources, Agriculture, Industry, Transport, Communication, Trade, Political Aspects and Contemporary Aspects.

Geography of India

Note: Candidates must answer one mandatory map question related to the topics covered in this paper.

Read More: UPSC CSE 2023 Notification

UPSC Geography Syllabus FAQs

Q. What is the UPSC syllabus for geography?

Ans. UPSC syllabus for geography majorly consists of Geomorphology, Climatology, Oceanography, Biogeography, Human Geography, the Geography of India etc.

Q. Is geography NCERT enough for UPSC?

Ans. Usually, the new NCERT books are advised for geography and the old NCERT books are for history. Before the UPSC exam, revise NCERT books two to three times. NCERT books are necessary for geography but not sufficient.

Q. Is the geography syllabus vast for UPSC?

Ans. The syllabus of Geography optional is overlapping with the General Studies Paper 1 and it is a little bit lengthy. However, due to the extensive syllabus, it requires a proper strategy with relevant resources.

Q. How can I study geography for IAS?

Ans. For basic fundamental concepts, you can refer to NCERT geography books thoroughly. And also start to read the newspaper on a daily basis to cover Geographical phenomenon that occurs around the world and associate it with your textbook concepts.

Q. How do I start studying geography?

Ans: First of all, the candidate should be aware of the continents, countries, rivers etc. which can be easily covered by looking at maps on a daily basis and then start NCERT Class 11 & Class 12th books.

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FAQs

What is the UPSC syllabus for geography?

UPSC syllabus for geography majorly consists of Geomorphology, Climatology, Oceanography, Biogeography, Human Geography, the Geography of India etc.

Is geography NCERT enough for UPSC?

Usually, the new NCERT books are advised for geography and the old NCERT books are for history. Before the UPSC exam, revise NCERT books two to three times. NCERT books are necessary for geography but not sufficient.

Is the geography syllabus vast for UPSC?

The syllabus of Geography optional is overlapping with the General Studies Paper 1 and it is a little bit lengthy. However, due to the extensive syllabus, it requires a proper strategy with relevant resources.

How can I study geography for IAS?

For basic fundamental concepts, you can refer to NCERT geography books thoroughly. And also start to read the newspaper on a daily basis to cover Geographical phenomenon that occurs around the world and associate it with your textbook concepts.

How do I start studying geography?

First of all, the candidate should be aware of the continents, countries, rivers etc. which can be easily covered by looking at maps on a daily basis and then start NCERT Class 11 & Class 12th books.