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Transparency International, Function, Corruption Perception Index

Transparency International

Transparency International (TI) is a non-governmental organization based in Berlin, Germany, that aims to combat corruption worldwide. It was founded in 1993 and has since grown into a global movement, with national chapters and partners in over 100 countries.

Overall, TI’s mission is to create a world where corruption is exposed and punished, and where systems are in place to prevent it from happening in the first place. The topic  Transparency Index holds immense importance for  UPSC Syllabus and a detailed account of  Transparency International is given below.

Transparency International Objective

The emphasis is on matters that have the most effect on people’s lives, and the powerful are held accountable for the common good. The mechanisms and networks that support corruption are exposed through activism, campaigns, and research, and greater transparency and integrity are demanded in all spheres of public life.

Read More: Commonwealth of Nations

Transparency International Functions

Transparency International (TI) is a global non-governmental organization that works towards fighting corruption, promoting transparency, and improving good governance around the world. The organization’s work can be summarized in the following ways:

  • Research and Advocacy: TI conducts research and analysis on corruption, transparency, and accountability issues around the world. It produces reports, indices, and other publications to draw attention to the problem of corruption and the impact it has on societies. TI also advocates for policies and reforms to improve transparency and accountability in government and public institutions.
  • Anti-Corruption Programs: TI implements anti-corruption programs in various countries and regions around the world. These programs include initiatives to promote transparency and accountability, strengthen institutions, and empower citizens to demand greater accountability from their governments.
  • International Cooperation: TI works with other organizations, governments, and international institutions to promote anti-corruption measures and support global efforts to combat corruption.
  • Awareness Raising: TI raises public awareness about the problem of corruption and the impact it has on societies. The organization works to mobilize public opinion and engage citizens in the fight against corruption.
  • Capacity Building: TI provides training and capacity-building programs to individuals and organizations to promote transparency, accountability, and good governance.

Overall, Transparency International’s work is aimed at promoting transparency, accountability, and good governance around the world and reducing the impact of corruption on societies. Through its research, advocacy, and anti-corruption programs, the organization works to promote lasting change and create a more transparent and accountable world.

Read More: Amnesty International

Transparency International Corruption Index

The Corruption Perceptions Index (CPI) is an annual ranking of countries by their perceived level of public sector corruption, published by Transparency International (TI). The index ranks countries on a scale of 0 to 100, with 0 indicating a highly corrupt public sector and 100 indicating a very clean public sector.

The CPI is based on a combination of surveys and assessments of corruption in the public sector, including the opinions of experts, businesspeople, and the general public. The surveys and assessments focus on factors such as bribery, embezzlement, and misuse of public funds.

Transparency International’s Corruption Perceptions Index (CPI) 2021 ranks India 85th out of 180 countries. India was ranked 86th last year. Denmark, Finland, and New Zealand topped the list, while Venezuela, Somalia, Syria, and South Sudan were at the bottom. The Corruption Perceptions Index (CPI) is the world’s most extensively used worldwide corruption ranking. It assesses how corrupt each country’s governmental sector is viewed by experts and businesses.

Read More: IUCN

Transparency International UPSC

Transparency International is a global organization that works towards fighting corruption and promoting transparency and accountability in government and public institutions. Overall, Transparency International’s work can be a valuable resource for UPSC candidates who want to develop a deeper understanding of the importance of good governance and the role they can play in promoting it.

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Transparency International FAQs

What is Transparency International function?

The international civil society group Transparency International is in charge of battling corruption. It pulls people together in a potent global coalition to put an end to corruption's destructive effects on men, women, and children all around the world.

Which country is free from corruption?

According to international financial transparency rankings, Denmark, Finland, New Zealand, Norway, Singapore, and Sweden are considered to be the least corrupt countries in the world, whereas Somalia (score 12), Syria, and South Sudan are the most obviously corrupt (both scoring 13).

Is India poor because of corruption?

India has long suffered from high levels of abject poverty, as well as massive levels of corruption in its government and business. This has led to a vicious cycle of poverty that makes it easier for corruption to flourish while hindering real progress against it.

Can corruption in India be stopped?

Structural changes and reforms are needed to deliver transparent, citizen-friendly services while reducing corruption. They include, among other things, the transparent distribution of social benefits to citizens through the Direct Benefit Transfer initiative under several government schemes.

Who fought against corruption in India?

The anti-corruption crusader Anna Hazare started a hunger strike at the Jantar Mantar monument in New Delhi on April 5, 2011, and this gave the movement a boost. The Jan Lokpal Bill was introduced as part of the campaign to reduce corruption in the Indian government.

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