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The Hindu Newspaper Analysis 3 October 2022

 

The Hindu Newspaper Analysis for UPSC

62% of rural households in India have fully functional tap water connections
62% of rural households in India have fully functional tap water connections

The Hindu Newspaper Analysis 1 October 2022

  • Around 62% of rural households in India have fully functional tap water connections within their premises, according to a survey commissioned by the Union Ministry of Water Resources to assess the functioning of the government’s marquee Jal Jeevan Mission.
  • In June, the Centre reported this figure to be 52%.
  • Tamil Nadu, Himachal Pradesh, Goa, and Puducherry reported more than 80% of households with fully functional connections, while fewer than half the households in Rajasthan, Kerala, Manipur, Tripura, Maharashtra, Madhya Pradesh, Mizoram and Sikkim had such connections.

The Hindu Editorial Today

Jal Jeevan Mission?

  • About:
    • Launched in 2019, it envisages supply of 55 litres of water per person per day to every rural household through Functional Household Tap Connections (FHTC) by 2024.
    • JJM looks to create a jan andolan for water, thereby making it everyone’s priority.
    • It comes under Jal Shakti Ministry.
Food Safety and Standards Authority of India
Food Safety and Standards Authority of India
  • The Delhi High Court has ruled that the Food Safety and Standards Authority of India (FSSAI) is under obligation to ensure that all imported articles of food are inspected with due “expedition and promptitude”.
  • The court’s order came while hearing a plea by a food importer aggrieved by the delay caused by FSSAI in granting a No Objection Certificate (NOC) for clearance of imported goods resulting in the company being foisted with huge liabilities towards demurrage charges.
  • Demurrage is a charge paid by a shipper to an airport operator for utilising the storage facility at cargo terminals.

What is FSSAI?

  • Food Safety and Standards Authority of India (FSSAI) is an autonomous statutory body established under the Food Safety and Standards Act, 2006 (FSS Act).
  • Ministry of Health & Family Welfare, Government of India is the administrative Ministry of FSSAI.
  • Headquarters: Delhi.
709 criminal cases of ‘exposure
709 criminal cases of ‘exposure
  • Reports of newborn children being found abandoned in garbage piles, dustbins, in bushes by the roadside or places of religious worship are not uncommon in India.
  • Data by the National Crime Records Bureau show that no less than 709 criminal cases of ‘exposure and abandonment of child under twelve years’ under Section 317 of the Indian Penal Code were registered in the year 2021.
  • It is pertinent to note that no case is registered when a child is surrendered to the Child Welfare Committee (CWC) constituted under the Juvenile Justice (Care and Protection of Children) Act, 2015 (or the JJ Act).
  • The moot question is this: If the child’s biological parents or the guardian do not want to or are unfit to raise the child, why do they abandon the child especially when there are so many people in India willing to adopt children?
inflation control
inflation control
  • As high prices restrain consumption, inflation control must be top priority
problem of peace as an ethical
problem of peace as an ethical
  • Gandhi considered the problem of peace as an ethical, rather than political, issue.
  • Hence, it would be wrong to say that there were gradual changes in his opinions on war and peace.
  • If it is accepted that Gandhi always had a peace strategy even when he wrote on violence over cowardice, we can establish a continuity between his writings on war and peace in different stages of his struggle.
  • Therefore, for Gandhi, the essential task of the political was to bring moral progress.
celebration of Kolkata’s Durga Puja
celebration of Kolkata’s Durga Puja
  • There is added enthusiasm in the celebration of Kolkata’s Durga Puja after its inclusion as the 14th entry from India in UNESCO’s ‘Representative List of Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity’ last December.
  • But like most major festivals, Durga Puja is not just a cultural extravaganza; it is an economic lifeline for West Bengal.
  • A 2013 ASSOCHAM study estimated the size of the Durga Puja industry at ₹25,000 crore, around 3.7% of West Bengal’s GDP at that time.
  • A K-shaped recovery occurs when, following a recession, different parts of the economy recover at different rates, times, or magnitudes. This is in contrast to an even, uniform recovery across sectors, industries, or groups of people.
Swachh Survekshan Gramin (SSG), 2022
Swachh Survekshan Gramin (SSG), 2022
  • Telangana was ranked first for the cleanliness of its villages in the Swachh Survekshan Gramin (SSG), 2022, which looked into the sanitation status of rural areas. After Telangana, Haryana was placed second followed by Tamil Nadu in the Large States category.
  • The Swachh Survekshan Gramin, 2022 award ranks States and districts on the basis of their performance attained on Swachh Bharat Mission Gramin (SBM-G) parameters and engagement of the rural community in improvement of their sanitation status.
  • Among smaller States and Union Territories, Andaman and Nicobar secured the first position, followed by Dadra and Nagar Haveli, Daman and Diu and Sikkim.

About Swachh Bharat Mission (SBM)

  • It was announced by Prime Minister Narendra Modi in Oct 2014 to make the country garbage and open defecation free by behavioural change.
  • According to the government, since the launch of the scheme
    • 09 lakh individual have household toilets,
    • 94 lakh community toilets have been constructed
    • 99% of the cities have been declared open defecation free (ODF).
  • SBM (Gramin) comes under the Ministry of Jal Shakti.
  • SBM (Urban) Comes under the Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs.

Q) Burkina Faso is a landlocked country in:

  1. Africa
  2. Asia
  3. South America
  4. Europe

Q) बुर्किना फासो एक भूमि से घिरा देश है:

  1. अफ्रीका
  2. एशिया
  3. दक्षिण अमेरिका
  4. यूरोप
Burkina Faso
Burkina Faso

Explanation :

Burkina Faso witnesses second coup of the year.

  • Burkina Faso is a landlocked country in West Africa, bordered by Mali to the northwest, Niger to the northeast, Benin to the southeast, Togo and Ghana to the south, and the Ivory Coast to the southwest.
  • It was previously called Republic of Upper Volta.
  • Its capital and largest city is Ouagadougou.
  • The country owes its former name of Upper Volta to three rivers which cross it: the Black Volta (or Mouhoun), the White Volta (Nakambé) and the Red Volta (Nazinon).

Q) With reference to the Monetary Policy Committee, consider the following statements:

  1. Union Finance Minister is the Chairperson.
  2. Decisions of the MPC are taken on the basis of majority, with Governor having the casting vote in case of a tie.

Which of the above statements is/are correct?

  1. 1 only
  2. 2 only
  3. Both 1 and 2
  4. Neither 1 nor 2

Q) मौद्रिक नीति समिति के संदर्भ में, निम्नलिखित कथनों पर विचार करें:

  1. केंद्रीय वित्त मंत्री अध्यक्ष हैं।
  2. एमपीसी के निर्णय बहुमत के आधार पर लिए जाते हैं, जिसमें बराबरी की स्थिति में राज्यपाल के पास निर्णायक मत होता है।

उपरोक्त में से कौन सा/से कथन सही है/हैं?

  1. केवल 1
  2. केवल 2
  3. दोनों 1 और 2
  4. न तो 1 और न ही 2

Explanation :

  • The Reserve Bank of India’s Monetary Policy Committee (MPC) recently raised the policy repo rate by 50 basis points (bps) to 5.9%.
    • It raised the repo rate (or the rate at which it lends money to the banking system) by 50 basis points (or 0.5 percentage points).
    • It has cut India’s GDP growth rate for the current financial year (2022-23) from 7.2% to 7%.
    • The MPC retained the retail inflation projection for the current fiscal year at 6.7%.

Monetary Policy Committee

  • The Monetary Policy Committee of India is responsible for fixing the policy interest rate, to achieve the objectives of monetary policy.
  • Composition:
    • Three officials of the Reserve Bank of India, with Governor of RBI as Chairperson, ex officio
    • Three external members appointed by the Government of India
    • The external members hold office for a period of four years.
  • Decisions of the MPC are taken on the basis of majority, with Governor having the casting vote in case of a tie.
  • The MPC meets least 4 times a year and it publishes its decisions after each such meeting.

Q) Bandhavgarh Tiger Reserve is located in:

  1. Madhya Pradesh
  2. Odisha
  3. Bihar
  4. West Bengal

Q) बांधवगढ़ टाइगर रिजर्व स्थित है:

  1. मध्य प्रदेश
  2. ओडिशा
  3. बिहार
  4. पश्चिम बंगाल

Explanation :

  • The Archaeological Survey of India (ASI) has recently reported 26 Buddhist caves in Madhya Pradesh’s Bandhavgarh Tiger Reserve.

Bandhavgarh Tiger Reserve

  • Bandhavgarh was declared a national park in 1968 and became a tiger reserve in 1993.
  • Tala, Khitauli and Magadhi comprise the three main zones of the national park, which together cover an area of 716 km.

Q) The DART mission, that has crashed a spacecraft into an asteroid in an attempt to divert the celestial body of its trajectory and avoid striking Earth, was conducted by

  1. Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO)
  2. National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA)
  3. China National Space Administration (CNSA)
  4. Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency (JAXA)

DART मिशन, जिसने अपने प्रक्षेपवक्र के आकाशीय पिंड को मोड़ने और पृथ्वी से टकराने से बचने के प्रयास में एक अंतरिक्ष यान को एक क्षुद्रग्रह में दुर्घटनाग्रस्त कर दिया है, द्वारा संचालित किया गया था

  1. भारतीय अंतरिक्ष अनुसंधान संगठन (ISRO)
  2. नेशनल एरोनॉटिक्स एंड स्पेस एडमिनिस्ट्रेशन (NASA)
  3. चीन राष्ट्रीय अंतरिक्ष प्रशासन (CNSA)
  4. जापान एयरोस्पेस एक्सप्लोरेशन एजेंसी (JAXA)
  • NASA’s Double Asteroid Redirection Test or DART has crashed a spacecraft into an asteroid in an attempt to divert the celestial body of its trajectory and avoid striking Earth.
  • Since the NASA DART mission’s successful conclusion, much has been said—and for all the right reasons—about how this endeavour might represent the first significant step toward the creation of a workable planetary defence system against rogue asteroids.
  • NASA Cubesat satellite called LICIACube which took the photographs of the crash.

Q) Consider the following statements about the

  1. It is a part of Pradhan Mantri Garib Kalyan Package (PMGKP) to help the poor fight the battle against Covid-19.
  2. Its nodal Ministry is the Ministry of Consumer Affairs, Food and Public Distribution.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

  1. 1 only
  2. 2 only
  3. Both 1 and 2
  4. Neither 1 nor 2

निम्नलिखित के बारे में कथनों पर विचार करें

  1. यह गरीबों को कोविड-19 के खिलाफ लड़ाई लड़ने में मदद करने के लिए प्रधानमंत्री गरीब कल्याण पैकेज (पीएमजीकेपी) का एक हिस्सा है।
  2. इसका नोडल मंत्रालय उपभोक्ता मामले, खाद्य और सार्वजनिक वितरण मंत्रालय है।

ऊपर दिए गए कथनों में से कौन-सा/से सही है/हैं?

  1. केवल 1
  2. केवल 2
  3. दोनों 1 और 2
  4. न तो 1 और न ही 2

Explanation:

  • PMGKY is a part of Pradhan Mantri Garib Kalyan Package (PMGKP) to help the poor fight the battle against Covid-19.
  • Its nodal Ministry is the Ministry of Finance.

Mains Practice Question:

Q) ‘Nonalignment of the past’ had not succeeded, and a way had to be found for “multiple engagements of the future”. Critically Analyze (150 words)

‘अतीत का गुटनिरपेक्षता’ सफल नहीं हुआ था, और “भविष्य की कई व्यस्तताओं” के लिए एक रास्ता खोजना पड़ा। समालोचनात्मक विश्लेषण (150 शब्द)

 

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