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Venus Orbiter Mission: Shukrayaan, Launch Date, Objective and Significance

Venus Orbiter Mission: Shukrayaan, India’s ambitious Venus Orbiter Mission, is a significant endeavor by the Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO) to explore Earth’s neighboring planet, Venus. The mission aims to study and understand Venus’s atmosphere, surface, and geology, shedding light on the planet’s complex and extreme conditions. Read All About this Mission in this Article.

Venus Orbiter Mission: Shukrayaan

Shukrayaan I is an orbiter mission designed to explore Venus comprehensively. Equipped with scientific payloads that include a high-resolution synthetic aperture radar and a ground-penetrating radar, the mission aims to investigate Venus’s geological features, volcanic activity, ground emissions, wind patterns, cloud cover, and other planetary characteristics. These observations will be conducted from an elliptical orbit around Venus, providing valuable insights into this enigmatic planet’s complex and extreme conditions.

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Shukrayaan 1 Launce Date

The inception of the Shukrayaan I mission dates back to 2012. Five years later, in 2017-2018, the Department of Space allocated a 23% budget increase, enabling ISRO to initiate preliminary studies for the mission. Originally planned for a mid-2023 launch, ISRO later rescheduled the mission to December 2024, citing pandemic-related challenges, manufacturing delays, and commercial launch commitments.

Mission Shukrayaan Objectives

Exploring Venus’s Subsurface

The primary objective is to investigate surface processes and the shallow subsurface stratigraphy of Venus. This mission represents the first-ever attempt to observe the sub-surface of Venus, contributing to the field of stratigraphy, which focuses on the study of rock layers and layering.

Atmospheric Dynamics

The mission aims to study the structure, composition, and dynamics of Venus’s atmosphere, providing valuable insights into the planet’s complex atmospheric behavior.

Solar Wind Interaction

Shukrayaan I will investigate the interaction between solar wind and the Venusian ionosphere, enhancing our understanding of space weather and its effects on planetary environments.

Mission Shukrayaan Significance

Planetary Evolution Insights

This mission offers insights into the evolution of Earth-like planets and provides valuable data for understanding conditions on Earth-sized exoplanets—planets orbiting stars other than our sun.

Climate Modeling for Earth

Shukrayaan I aids in Earth’s climate modeling by serving as a cautionary example of how drastically a planet’s climate can transform. The findings contribute to our knowledge of climate dynamics and long-term planetary changes.

Shukrayaan 1 UPSC

India’s ISRO embarks on a pioneering Venus Orbiter Mission, Shukrayaan, to study and unravel the mysteries of Earth’s neighboring planet, Venus. Shukrayaan I, an orbiter mission, boasts advanced scientific payloads, including synthetic aperture and ground-penetrating radars, to explore Venus’s geological features, volcanic activity, atmosphere dynamics, and solar wind interactions. Set for a December 2024 launch, the mission’s objectives encompass groundbreaking sub-surface exploration, atmospheric analysis, and space weather investigations. Beyond Venus, Shukrayaan provides vital insights into planetary evolution and serves as a cautionary tale for Earth’s climate modeling, highlighting the potential for dramatic climatic shifts.

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Venus Orbiter Mission: Shukrayaan FAQs

What is Shukrayaan?

Shukrayaan is India's Venus Orbiter Mission, a significant project by ISRO to explore Venus.

What are Shukrayaan's main objectives?

The mission aims to investigate Venus's subsurface, study its atmosphere, and explore solar wind interactions with the Venusian ionosphere.

When is Shukrayaan scheduled for launch?

Originally planned for mid-2023, it was rescheduled to December 2024 due to pandemic-related challenges and manufacturing delays.

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