National Health Accounts Estimates for India
Context: National Health Accounts Estimates for India (2019-20) has been released by Ministry of Health.
|Out-of-pocket expenditure (OOPE)||The total health expenditure from pocket has declined from 62.6% in 2014-15 to 47.1% in 2019-20.
The decline in OOPE in the overall health spending indicates progress towards financial protection and Universal Health Coverage for citizens.
|Private sector spending||The percentage of private health insurance in total health insurance touched 7% in 2019-20, up from 6.6% in 2018-19.|
|Government Heath Expenditure (GHE) in overall GDP||The government health expenditure’s share in the country’s total GDP increased from 1.13% (2014-15) to 1.35% (2019-20).
The government spending on health increased by 12% between 2018-19 and 2019-20.
|Share of health sector in General Government Expenditure (GGE)||The share of health sector spending in General Government Expenditure (GGE) has steadily increased from 3.94% to 5.02% between 2014-15 and 2019-20|
|Primary healthcare in Current Government Health Expenditure (CGHE)||Increased public spending was observed in primary healthcare, growing 51.3% in 2014-15 to 55.9% in 2019-20.
The National Health policy 2017 states that two-thirds public health spending must be in Primary Health systems.
This has been possible due to the initiatives taken at grassroots level such as opening of over 1.6 lakh Ayushman Bharat Health and Wellness Centres (AB-HWCs).
|Social Security Expenditure (SSE) on healthcare||The share of Social Security Expenditure (SSE) on healthcare has increased from 5.7% in 2014-15 to 9.3% in 2019-20.
This has a direct impact on reducing out-of-pocket payments, preventing financial hardship and the risk of poverty.
Government-funded health insurance, medical reimbursement to government employees, and social health insurance programs are all part of the mechanism.