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Mir Qasim & East India Company, Treaty, Measure Taken and Conflict

Mir Qasim & East India Company

Following the Battle of Chinsura, the British overthrew Mir Jafar and installed Mir Kasim as the new Nawab of Bengal. Mir Kasim soon started to demonstrate his own will and embrace his aspirations of independence. Later, he moved his headquarters from Murshidabad to Munger in Bihar, where he amassed a separate army. The unfettered trade was the issue.

The British East India Company bought duty-free trading privileges in the entirety of Bengal from the Farrukhsiyar dynasty in 1717 for just three thousand rupees per year. For UPSC exam preparation, review all the information pertaining to Mir Qasim & East India Company.

Mir Qasim & East India Company Treaty

Mir Kasim consented to hand up the districts of Burdwan, Midnapur, Chittagong, as well as one-half of the chunam trade of Sylhet, to the Company. Mir Kasim consented to settle the Company’s unpaid debts and pledged to provide Rs. 5 lakh to the Company’s war funding in Southern India. It was decided that neither the Company’s land nor the nawab’s tenants would be permitted to establish themselves there.

The Company believed that they had discovered the perfect puppet in Mir Kasim. Mir Kasim, however, defied what the Company had anticipated. He was unable to participate in the imperialism game.

Mir Kasim and Measure Taken

Mir Kasim moved the capital from Murshidabad to Monghyr in Bihar after assuming control in order to maintain a safe distance from the Company in Calcutta. He redesigned the army to increase its competence and efficiency while also reorganizing the bureaucracy with the personnel of his choosing. He understood the value of a well-trained army and treasury to keep his independence.

In an effort to quell unrest, he built up a cutting-edge army along European lines. He attempted to clean up the revenue department’s corruption in order to maximize his income.

Mir Qasim & East India Company Conflict

The issue that caused Mir Kasim and the Company to argue was how inland duties were handled. The Nawab took issue with the Company’s servants engaging in inland private trade without paying any duties by abusing the Company’s dastak. For a commission, the Company’s employees sold its dastak to Indian traders.

The Company’s employees were not willing to conduct business without paying inland duties. Inland commerce abuses severely reduced the Nawab’s income and rendered his Indian people defenceless. Due to the Company’s authorities’ adamant stance, all attempts at a peaceful resolution failed.

Mir Kasim took the bold decision to abolish all inland tariffs, putting Indian traders on an equal footing with English traders. The majority of the Governor’s Council members desired to force the Nawab to tax his subjects since only under such situation could English merchants take advantage of the dastak.

War broke out between the English and Mir Kasim in 1763 as a result of a dispute between the Nawab and Company about transit duties. Mir Kasim was the worst of the experiences that came after. In a last-ditch effort to drive the English out of Bengal, he fled to Oudh and organized a confederacy with Shuja-ud-daula (the Nawab of Awadh) and Shah Alam II (the fugitive Mughal Emperor).

Mir Qasim Death

On May 8, 1777, Mir Qasim passed away in obscurity and extreme poverty, likely from dropsy, in Kotwal, close to Delhi.

Mir Qasim & East India Company UPSC

In order to better the state’s affairs, Mir Qasim, a capable and powerful ruler, moved his capital from Murshidabad to Munger (Bihar) in 1762. He understood the necessity of a robust army and a rich treasury to preserve his independence. Mir Qasim saw himself as an independent king, which presented a challenge for the British because they desired to use him as a puppet. Find out everything there is to know about Mir Qasim & East India Company’s UPSC exam preparation in this article.

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Why did the East India Company want Mir Qasim out of its way?

Mir Qasim was the Nawab of Bengal from 1760 to 1764. The British defeated Mir Jafar and the Dutch forces at Chinsurah and made him the new Nawab of Bengal in 1759.

What was the name of Battle fought between Mir Qasim and East India Company in 1763?

The battle of Buxar was fought in the year of 1764. In this battle, the combined forces of Mir Qasim were defeated by Hector Munro. It was considered a decisive point in the history of India.

Why did Nawab of Bengal oppose East India Company?

The Nawabs of Bengal refused to grant the company concessions as it was making the revenue from Bengal trade less profitable.

Why did the company removed Mir Jafar and Mir Qasim?

The East India Company removed Mir Jaffer and Mir Qasim from the throne of Bengal because they had an independent spirit and thus refused to dance on the tunes of East India Company.

Who defeated Mir Qasim?

British Hector Munro defeated the combined forces of Mir Qasim.

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