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Middle East Countries, List of Middle East Countries, Map

Middle East Countries 

The Middle East is a region in Western Asia and North Africa known for its rich history, diverse cultures, and significant global influence. Stretching from the eastern Mediterranean to the Arabian Peninsula, this area has played a crucial role in world affairs for centuries. In this article, we will learn about various countries in the Middle East.

Middle East Countries List with Capitals

The Middle East is a region with around 25 countries, including nations like Iran, Iraq, and Israel. Each country has its own capital city, such as Tehran in Iran, Baghdad in Iraq, and Jerusalem in Israel, serving as important centers for governance and culture in the region.

S. No Country Capital
1 United Arab Emirates Abu Dhabi
2 Algeria Algiers
3 Jordan Amman
4 Turkey Ankara
5 Greece Athens
6 Iraq Baghdad
7 Azerbaijan Baku
8 Lebanon Beirut
9 Egypt Cairo
10 Syria Damascus
11 Qatar Doha
12 Pakistan Islamabad
13 Afghanistan Kabul
14 Sudan Khartoum
15 Kuwait Kuwait City
16 Bahrain Manama
17 Oman Muscat
18 Cyprus Nicosia
19 Saudi Arabia Riyadh
20 Morocco Rabat
21 Yemen Sanaa
22 Georgia Tbilisi
23 Iran Tehran
24 Libya Tripoli
25 Tunisia Tunis
26 Armenia Yerevan

Middle East Countries Map

Middle East Countries, List of Middle East Countries, Map_4.1

India Middle East Europe Economic Corridor Significance 

The India-Middle East-Europe Economic Corridor (IMEE EC) holds great significance as it aims to create a seamless transportation network connecting India, the Middle East, and Europe. This ambitious project involves the development of railways, digital connectivity, energy infrastructure, and clean hydrogen pipelines along the train tracks. Such an integrated transport network will offer a reliable and cost-effective means of shipping goods and services across borders.

One of the key benefits of the IMEE EC is its potential to enhance global supply chains and food security, particularly among emerging nations. The corridor will consist of two main routes: the North Corridor connecting Europe to the Arabian Gulf and the East Corridor linking India to the Arabian Gulf. These routes, supported by a railway network, will complement existing maritime and road links, making trade more efficient and accessible.

Moreover, the inclusion of power cables and clean hydrogen pipes aligns with the growing importance of sustainable energy and environmental considerations. This initiative not only promotes increased trade, especially in energy products, but also signifies a commitment to reducing greenhouse gas emissions and promoting clean energy solutions.

From India’s perspective, the IMEE EC offers significant geographical advantages. It strategically positions India along a commercial route that spans from South East Asia to the Gulf, West Asia, and Europe. This location provides India with economic and strategic benefits, opening up opportunities for its logistics and transportation sector. It offers a more efficient and cost-effective transit option, supporting India’s trade and export activities.

Furthermore, the corridor aligns with India’s goals for a “green transition” by emphasizing sustainability. This is crucial for India’s efforts to reduce its environmental footprint and contribute to global infrastructure development in a responsible manner. Overall, the IMEE EC aims to safeguard supply chains, create jobs, improve trade accessibility, and enhance regional cooperation, making it a significant initiative in fostering economic cohesion between Asia, Europe, and the Middle East.

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Middle East Countries FAQs

What are the 7 Middle East countries?

The 7 Middle East countries often referred to as the traditional Middle East are Bahrain, Iran, Iraq, Israel, Jordan, Kuwait, and Lebanon.

How many countries come to the Middle East?

The number of countries in the Middle East can vary depending on the definition, but there are typically around 16 to 18 countries considered part of the Middle East region.

Does India count as Middle East?

India is not considered part of the Middle East; it is located in South Asia.

Why is it called the Middle East?

The term "Middle East" historically referred to the region's location between Europe and East Asia, signifying its geographical position.

What is another name for the Middle East?

Another name for the Middle East is the "Near East," which was historically used to describe the same region.

About the Author

I, Sakshi Gupta, am a content writer to empower students aiming for UPSC, PSC, and other competitive exams. My objective is to provide clear, concise, and informative content that caters to your exam preparation needs. I strive to make my content not only informative but also engaging, keeping you motivated throughout your journey!

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