Home   »   Science and Technology UPSC Notes   »   Hepatitis A Virus

Hepatitis A Virus, Transmission and Symptoms

Context: Kerala experienced the most severe outbreak of the Hepatitis A virus, with 1,977 confirmed cases and 12 deaths reported in the first four and a half months of this year.

More In News

  • Apart from the confirmed cases, another 5,536 suspected cases have been reported in the state this year, and 15 more deaths are suspected to have been caused by the virus.
  • According to state health department data, the number of cases reported until May 13 this year is higher than the number reported in the whole of 2023 (1,073 cases), 2022 (231), 2021 (114), 2020 (464), 2019 (1,620), 2018 (1,369), and 2017 (988).

What is Hepatitis A?

Hepatitis A, also called hep A, is a contagious liver infection caused by the hepatitis A virus (HAV).

  • Viral Infection: Primarily causes inflammation of the liver.
  • Infection Duration: Can be an acute (short-term) or chronic (long-term) infection.
  • Transmission: Spread through consuming contaminated food or water, or through close contact with an infected person.
  • Symptoms: Fever, fatigue, nausea, abdominal pain, and jaundice (yellowing of the skin and eyes).

What is Hepatitis A

About Havisure
  • Havisure is India’s first indigenously developed vaccine for Hepatitis A.
  • Dosage:
    • It is a two-dose vaccine.
    • The first dose is given to individuals over 12 months of age.
    • The second dose is administered at least six months later.
  • Eligibility:
    • Recommended for routine immunisation in children and individuals at risk due to exposure or travel to regions with high Hepatitis A prevalence.
    • Also advised for individuals with occupational infection risks and those with chronic liver diseases.
  • Significance:
    • Expected to play a crucial role in preventing Hepatitis A, a highly contagious liver infection transmitted through contaminated food or water.

Sharing is caring!

About the Author

I, Sakshi Gupta, am a content writer to empower students aiming for UPSC, PSC, and other competitive exams. My objective is to provide clear, concise, and informative content that caters to your exam preparation needs. I strive to make my content not only informative but also engaging, keeping you motivated throughout your journey!

Leave a comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *