Context: The tenth Global Terrorism Index (GTI) report 2023 was released by the Institute for Economics and Peace (IEP).
|Most Affected Country
|Afghanistan remains the country most impacted by terrorism for the fourth consecutive year, despite a decline in death numbers.
The decline was mainly due to exclusion of acts of state repression and violence by state actors, which is basically committed by the Taliban.
|Status of India
|India is ranked 13th on the index, marking a marginal decrease from the previous year.
Despite being among the 25 worst-hit nations on the index, Indian respondents do not consider war and terrorism as the biggest threat to their daily safety.
|Globally, deaths from terrorism fell by nine per cent, marking a 38 per cent decrease from its peak in 2015.
The fall in deaths was mainly due to a reduction in the number of incidents in Afghanistan. Deaths from terrorism would have increased if Afghanistan was removed from the index.
|South Asia remains to be the region with the worst average GTI score. There was a decline of 30 per cent when compared to the previous year, mainly due to improvement in Afghanistan.
Pakistan witnessed an increase in terror-related deaths, recording a 120 per cent increase from the previous year.
|Deadliest Terror Groups
|Islamic State (IS) and its affiliate groups, al-Shabaab, Balochistan Liberation Army (BLA) and Jamaat Nusrat Al-Islam wal Muslimeen (JNIM) were the deadliest terror groups.
However, terrorism-related deaths attributed to Islamic State – Khorasan Province (ISK), Islamic State – Sinai Province (ISS) and Islamic State West Africa (ISWA) declined.