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Gandhi’s Ideals of Non-Violence & Communal Harmony

Context:  Recently, India observed Martyrs’ Day or Shaheed Diwas on January 30, to pay tribute to all the freedom fighters who sacrificed their lives for the country.

  • The day is marked as the death anniversary of the nation’s ‘Bapu’, Mahatma Gandhi.
  • On January 30, 1948, Nathuram Godse shot Gandhiji at Birla House after evening prayer.
  • 2023 marked 75 years since Mahatma Gandhi fell to an assassin’s

Lessons from Gandhiji Life

  • Mahatma Gandhi always followed the path of truth and non-violence.
  • Ahimsa Parmo Dharma: He adopted truth and non-violence to free the country from the slavery of the British and won.
  • According to him, people of India could not be truly free without social emancipation, economic empowerment
  • He stressed on shared sense of solidarity and empathy transcending multiple identities of language, religion and cultural traditions.
  • Gandhiji gets the credit for transforming an idea of Indian independence among a small educated and English-speaking elite into a mass and people-centred movement.
  • He gave the struggle for freedom a vernacular dimension, rooted in India’s own civilisational heritage.
  • He suggested that, after India gained independence in 1947, the Congress must disbanded itself as a political party and remained a mass movement dedicated to the social and economic transformation of the people of India.
Gandhiji Life
Gandhiji Life


  • As we celebrate Azadi Ka Amrit Mahotsav, we need to ingrain Gandhian values of non-violence, inclusiveness and communal harmony, which enabled India to establish a unique democracy achieving momentous economic and social transformation through the ballot box rather than through the barrel of the gun.

Famous Quotes by Mahatma Gandhi

  • Freedom is not worth having if it does not include the freedom to make mistakes.
  • Be the change that you want to see in the world.
  • The weak can never forgive. Forgiveness is an attribute of the strong.
  • Man lives freely only by his readiness to die.
  • Strength does not come from physical capacity. It comes from an indomitable will.
  • An ounce of patience is worth more than a tonne of preaching.
  • “The greatness of humanity is not in being human, but in being humane.”
  • “I will not let anyone walk through my mind with their dirty feet.”

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India observed Martyrs' Day or Shaheed Diwas on which date?

India observed Martyrs' Day or Shaheed Diwas on January 30

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