Education Ministers of India
Education Ministers of India: Literacy rates have increased from 12% to 75% in recent years after independence. Since India’s independence, the educational system has advanced, and this development can be attributed to our leaders’ enormous devotion and dedication to raising the standard of education that is provided. Up to this point, there have been over 30 different education ministers. They have all performed great work during their tenures as India’s ministers of education.
On September 26, 1985, the Ministry of Education, which is in charge of carrying out the National Education Policy, was established in order to accomplish or better this purpose. The Ministry of Education has existed in India since 1947. The Rajiv Gandhi administration renamed the Ministry of Education to the Ministry of Human Resource Development (MHRD) in 1985. Later, after the current administration publicly unveiled its recently drafted “National Education Policy 2020,” the Ministry of Human Resource Development was changed back to the Ministry of Education. At the moment, it has two departments:
The Department of School Education and Literacy
This division deals with adult education, literacy, and basic, intermediate, and upper secondary education in India.
The Department of Higher Education
This division deals with technical education, scholarships, and other matters related to secondary, post-secondary, and university-level education. According to Section 3 of the University Grants Commission (UGC) Act, the department has the authority to confer presumed university status on educational institutions based on the recommendations made by the UGC of India.
While the Department of School Education & Literacy is in charge of the country’s school education and literacy development, the Department of Higher Education is in charge of one of the largest higher education systems in the world, second only to the US and China.
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List of Education Ministers of India from 1947-2022
Here’s complete Education Ministers of India List:
|Name of Education Minister||Term of Office|
|Maulana Abdul Kalam Azad||15th August 1947 – 22nd January 1958|
|Dr. K. L. Shrimali||22nd January 1958 – 31st August 1963|
|Shri Humayun Kabir||1st September 1963- 21th November 1963|
|Shri. M. C. Chagla||21th November 1963- 13th November 1966|
|Shri. Fakhruddin Ali Ahmed||14th November 1966- 13th March 1967|
|Dr. Triguna Sen||16th March 1967- 14th February 1969|
|Dr. V. K. R. V. Rao||14th February 1969 – 18th March 1971|
|Shri. Siddhartha Shankar Ray||18th March 1971 – 20th March 1972|
|Prof. S. Nurul Hasan||24th March 1972- 24th March 1977|
|Prof. Pratap Chandra Chunder||26th March 1977 – 28th July 1979|
|Dr. Karan Singh||29 July 1979 -January 1980|
|Shri. B. Shankar Anand||14th January 1980- 18th October 1980|
|Shri. S.B. Chavan||17th October 1980- 8th August 1981|
|Smt. Sheila Kaul||10th August 1981- 31st December 1984|
|Shri. K. C. Pant||31st December 1984- 25th September 1985|
|Shri. P.V. Narasimha Rao||25th September 1985- 25th June 1988|
|Shri. P. Shiv Shankar||25th June 1988- 2nd December 1989|
|Shri. V.P. Singh||2nd December 1989- 10th November 1990|
|Shri. Raj Mangal Pandey||21st November 1990- 21st June 1991|
|Shri. Arjun Singh||23rd June 1991- 24th December 1994|
|P.V Narasimha Rao (Repeated Twice)||25th December 1994- 9th February 1995|
|Shri. Madhav Rao Scindia||10th February 1995- 17th January 1996|
|P.V Narasimha Rao (Repeated Thrice)||17th January 1996- 16th May 1996|
|Shri Atal Bihari Vajpayee||16th May 1996- 1st June 1996|
|Shri. S.R. Bommai||5th June 1996- 19th March 1998|
|Dr. Murali Manohar Joshi||19th March 1998- 22nd May 2009|
|Arjun Singh (Repeated Twice)||22nd May 2004 – 22nd May 2009|
|Shri Kapil Sibal||29th May 2009- 29th October 2012|
|Shri. M. M. Pallam Raju||30th October 2012- 26th May 2014|
|Smt. Smriti Irani||26th May 2014 – 5th July 2016|
|Shri. Prakash Javdekar||5th July 2016 – 30th May 2019|
|Ramesh Pokhriyal||30th May 2019- 7th July 2021|
|Dharmendra Pradhan||7th July 2021 – Present|
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Who is the Education Minister of India?
The Department of School Education & Literacy is in charge of the country’s school education and literacy development, while the Department of Higher Education is in charge of one of the largest higher education systems in the world, third largest behind the US and China.
Dharmendra Pradhan was named a Cabinet Minister on September 3, 2017, and he currently represents Madhya Pradesh in the Rajya Sabha. Additionally, he had previously served in the 14th Lok Sabha. He started out as an A.B.V.P. activist while a Talcher College upper secondary student and eventually rose to the position of president of the Talcher College Student Union. Beginning as an activist for the Akhil Bhartiya Vidyarthi Parishad in 1983, Pradhan entered politics (ABVP). He was then chosen to serve as the group’s secretary.
After holding a number of positions in the BJP, he was elected to the 14th Lok Sabha. He was also twice elected to the Rajya Sabha, once in Madhya Pradesh and once in Bihar.
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First Education Minister of India
The first Minister of Education in Independent India was Abul Kalam Azad. He was referred to by his full name, Maulana Sayyid Abul Kalam Ghulam Muhiyuddin Ahmed bin Khairuddin Al-Hussaini Azad. He was an author, Islamic scholar, and senior member of the Indian National Congress, a movement for Indian independence. He wrote under the pen name Azad and was known as Maulana, an honorific that meaning “Our Master.”
The nation honours his birthday as National Education Day in order to recognise his contribution to the creation of India’s educational foundation. Azad created poems in Urdu and treatises on philosophy and religion when he was a young man. He gained notoriety as a journalist by promoting Indian nationalist movements and penning articles that were critical of the British Raj.
Azad gained national attention as the leader of the Khilafat Campaign. It was during this time that he met Mahatma Gandhi, the father of modern India, and developed a deep admiration for the ideas of Gandhian nonviolent civil disobedience. Azad then worked to organise the non-cooperation movement in opposition to the 1919 Rowlatt Acts. Azad was committed to advancing Gandhi’s beliefs, including the cause of Swaraj and the promotion of Swadeshi (indigenous) goods (Indian self-rule). When he was 35 years old in 1923, he became the Indian National Congress’s youngest president.
Azad was one of the main organisers of the Dharasana Satyagraha in 1931, and he swiftly gained notoriety as one of India’s most potent national leaders, promoting secularism and socialism as well as the union of Hindus and Muslims. He presided over the Congress from 1940 to 1945, at which time the Quit India campaign had its start. Azad was jailed along with the rest of the Congress leadership. He also promoted Hindu-Muslim harmony via the Al-Hilal journal.
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Education Ministers of India FAQs
Q) Who is current education minister of India?
Ans. Shri Dharmendra Pradhan is current education minister of India
Q) Who is the education minister of India in 2022?
Ans. Education minister of India in 2022 is Shri Dharmendra Pradhan
Q) Who is the 1st education minister of India?
Ans. Maulana Abul Kalam Azad is the first education minister of independent India, who served from 15 August 1947 until 2 February 1958. National Education Day of India is celebrated on 11 November every year in India.
Q) Who is the first woman education minister of India?
Ans. Anandiben Patel is the first woman education minister of India. She has served as the first female Chief Minister of Gujarat. She is a member of the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) since 1987. She was the Cabinet Minister for Education from 2002 to 2007.
Q) Who is the first teaching minister?
Ans. Maulana Abul Kalam Azad was the first education minister of India. He would serve from 1947 until 1958, dying 20 days after retirement. Azad was born in Mecca and raised as a Muslim.
Major Incidents in Indian History
- Quit India Movement
- Chauri Chaura Incident
- Jallianwala Bagh Massacre
- Green Revolution in India
- Non-Cooperation Movement
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