A society that has more justice is a society that needs less charity
- Meaning/Context : A just society is one that strives to eliminate the root causes of inequality and suffering, thereby reducing the need for charitable assistance.
- Idea of Justice
- Historical dimension
- Interplay of Justice and Charity through multiple layers of society
- Significance of charity in today’s society
- Primitive tribal societies are just societies (with equal distribution of wealth and opportunities) and thus have no concept of charity.
- Concept of charity started when social justice took a backseat with caste and gender divisions–charity in fact shows the inequalities in society (where rich are able to donate to poor).
Different Dimensions of Society
- Individual: Justice ensures equal access to basic amenities and opportunities–to become an empowered individual–and hence need no charity.
- Ex: Stephen Hawking’s disability did not let him to depend on charity.
- Community : Historically Disadvantaged sections of Indian society like SC/STs- were ensured with social justice through affirmative action in the constitution.
- Subnational level: Hilly and tribal regions are provided with special provisions in the constitution. (Fifth and Six Schedule )
- National level: Atmanirbhar Bharat/ Self-reliant India to become self-reliant in every sphere. We do not want to depend on the charity of developed nations – and also asserting cultural supremacy through the theme of Vasudhaiva Kutumbakam.
- Social Justice has no room for freebies in elections , farm loan waivers etc.
- World : Inclusion of African Union to G20–African nations need no charity but chances for opportunities for growth.
Significance of Charity in Current Times
- Historical injustices have perpetuated inequalities in the society in the form of caste class, gender , religion etc.— constitution ensures social justice to these sections– but it will take a long time to correct these (even though progress has been significant) -hence charity (from individuals. Corporates and institutions) provide support to the desired sections of population to a certain extent.
- Global North vs Global South
- Impact of Climate Change – Common but Differentiated Responsibilities (CBDR)
- Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) – balancing profits with the social needs.
Conclusion: The ultimate goal of society is to reduce the need for charity.
Check out the UPSC Essay paper 2023 analysis with Detail explanation of the Topic