21 Andaman and Nicobar Islands Renamed
Recently, the Prime Minister of India announced the renaming of 21 Islands of Andaman and Nicobar group of Islands, on the occasion of Parakram Diwas i.e. the birth anniversary of Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose. These islands have been named after Param Vir Chakra awardees.
The largest group of islands will be named after the first Param Vir Chakra awardee, the second largest after the second awardee and so on.
List of 21 Andaman and Nicobar Islands
We are providing a List of 21 Andaman and Nicobar Islands Renamed in the table given below:
|S.No.||Param Vir Chakra Awardees||Andaman and Nicobar Islands Name|
|1.||Major Somnath Sharma||Somnath Island|
|2.||Subedar and Honorary Captain (then Lance Naik) Karam Singh||Karam Singh Island|
|3.||Lt. Rama Raghoba Rane||Rane Island|
|4.||Nayak Jadunath Singh||Jadunath Island|
|5.||Company Havaldar Major Piru Singh||Piru Island|
|6.||Capt GS Salaria||Salaria Island|
|7.||Lieutenant Colonel (then Major) Dhan Singh Thapa||Dhan Singh Island|
|8.||Subedar Joginder Singh||Joginder Island|
|9.||Major Shitan Singh||Shitan Singh Island|
|10.||CQMH. Abdul Hamid||Hamid Island|
|11.||Lt Col Ardeshir Burzorji Tarapore||Tarapore Island|
|12.||Lance Naik Albert Ekka||Ekka Island|
|13.||Major Hoshiar Singh||Hoshiar Island|
|14.||2nd Lt. Arun Khetrapal||Khetrapal Island|
|15.||Flying Officer Nirmaljit Singh Sekhon||Sekhon Island|
|16.||Major Ramaswamy Parameswaran||Ramaswamy Island|
|17.||Naib Subedar Bana Singh||Bana Island|
|18.||Captain Vikram Batra||Batra Island|
|19.||Lt Manoj Kumar Pandey||Pandey Island|
|20.||Subedar Major Sanjay Kumar||Sanjay Island|
|21.||Subedar Major Retd (Hony Captain) Grenadier Yogendra Singh Yadav||Yogendra Island|
Param Vir Chakra Award
Param Vir Chakra is given for demonstrating exceptional bravery during wartime. It is a medal cast in bronze with a State Emblem embossed on it. It was established on 26th January 1950 and was first awarded retrospectively.
List of all 21 Param Vir Chakra Awardees
Here is a list of all 21 Param Vir Chakra awardees and their details:
|Name of Param Vir Chakra Awardee||Details|
|Major Somnath Sharma||
|Subedar and Honorary Captain Karam Singh||
|Lt. Rama Raghoba Rane||
|Nayak Jadunath Singh||
|Company Havaldar Major Piru Singh||
|Capt GS Salaria||
|Lieutenant Colonel (then Major) Dhan Singh Thapa||
|Subedar Joginder Singh||
|Major Shitan Singh||
|CQMH. Abdul Hamid||
|Lt Col Ardeshir Burzorji Tarapore||
|Lance Naik Albert Ekka||
|Major Hoshiar Singh||
|2nd Lt. Arun Khetrapal||
|Flying Officer Nirmaljit Singh Sekhon||
|Major Ramaswamy Parameswaran||
|Naib Subedar Bana Singh||
|Captain Vikram Batra||
|Lt Manoj Kumar Pandey||
|Subedar Major Sanjay Kumar||
|Subedar Major Retd (Hony Captain) Grenadier Yogendra Singh Yadav||
Andaman and Nicobar Islands History
The Andaman and Nicobar Group of Islands had a crucial role to play in our independence history. It was here that the national flag was unfurled for the first time, leading to the establishment of the first national government. These islands were made by the British government as a place of exile for freedom fighters. They established cellular jail here. Consequently, those sent here had to brave extreme conditions and hardships. However, hardships never deterred them from their path of fighting for their motherland, it even strengthened their resolve.
It was this historical significance and association of this group of islands with Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose that prompted the government to Ross Island as Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose Dweep in 2018. The other two islands namely Neil Island and Havelock island were renamed Shaheed Dweep and Swaraj Dweep respectively.
Andaman & Nicobar Islands Geographical Facts
- It is an archipelago formed as a result of the subsidence of the Indian plate under the Eurasian plate.
- Islands have dense evergreen, semi-evergreen forests with some unique species.
- Island has an equatorial type of climate and the phenomenon of evening rains is quite perceptible.
- The only active volcano in India, Barren Island is located here.
- Indira Point is the southernmost point of India. It is located in this island group.
- It is home to a number of Particularly Vulnerable Tribal Groups which include Shompen, Jarawas, Sentinelese, Onges and Nicobarese.
- Administratively, it is a Union Territory.
21 Andaman and Nicobar Islands Renamed UPSC
Andaman and Nicobar are a group of islands located in the Indian Ocean. They are strategically located and hold immense economic, socio-cultural and security importance. The government of India is working to develop them at a rapid pace. These islands have a deep connection to the Indian freedom struggle and Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose. In this context, recently, its 21 unnamed islands have been named after the Param Vir Chakra awardees.