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The Hindu Newspaper Analysis 21 October 2022

 

The Hindu Newspaper Analysis for UPSC

₹1,337.76-crore penalty on Google
₹1,337.76-crore penalty on Google

The Hindu Newspaper Analysis 20 October 2022

  • The Competition Commission of India (CCI) on Thursday imposed a ₹1,337.76-crore penalty on Google for “abusing its dominant position in multiple markets in the Android mobile device ecosystem”.
  • The matter pertains to the Android operating system (OS) acquired by Google in 2005. The CCI examined various practices of Google with respect to its licensing and various proprietary mobile applications, including Play Store, Google Search, Google Chrome, YouTube, etc.
  • About:
    • Competition Commission of India (CCI) is a statutory body of the Government of India responsible for enforcing the Competition Act, 2002, it was duly constituted in March 2009.
    • The Monopolies and Restrictive Trade Practices Act, 1969 (MRTP Act) was repealed and replaced by the Competition Act, 2002, on the recommendations of the Raghavan committee.
  • Composition:
    • The Commission consists of one Chairperson and six Members who shall be appointed by the Central Government.

The Hindu Editorial Today

‘Mission LiFE’ (Lifestyle For Environment)
‘Mission LiFE’ (Lifestyle For Environment)
  • Prime Minister Narendra Modi, in the presence of U.N. Secretary-General Antonio Guterres, launched ‘Mission LiFE’ (Lifestyle For Environment), a new initiative for sustainable and healthy lifestyle at the Statue of Unity in Gujarat on Thursday.
Report of the Official Language Committee
Report of the Official Language Committee
  • The 11th volume of the Report of the Official Language Committee submitted to the President of India on September 9, 2022, did not seem to evoke much interest in the media.
  • The main recommendations, as reported in a section of the print media, are that Hindi should replace English as the language of examinations for recruitment to the government; Hindi should be the only medium of instruction in Kendriya Vidyalayas, Indian Institutes of Technology (IITs), Indian Institutes of Management (IIMs) and central universities; it should be constitutionally binding on State governments to propagate Hindi, etc.
  • The official language committee is a statutory committee constituted under Section 4 in the Official Language Act, 1963. Its duty is to review the progress made in the use of Hindi for the official purposes of the Union and submit a report to the President.
  • The Act makes it obligatory for the President to issue directions “in accordance with the whole or any part of the report” (Section 4(4)). It can thus be seen that the committee’s recommendations are required to be acted upon.
  • Article 343 of the Constitution declares that Hindi in Devanagari script shall be the official language of the Union.
  • Hindi was declared the official language of the Union and it was also provided that the English language will continue for 15 years from the commencement of the Constitution.
  • Parliament enacted the official languages Act in 1963, providing for the continuance of English indefinitely as official language along with Hindi for the official purposes of the Union and for transaction of business in Parliament.
stubble burning
stubble burning
  • The root cause of stubble burning can be traced back to the 1960s-70s, when to meet the urgent challenge of feeding its rapidly growing population, India introduced several measures as part of its Green Revolution.
  • The Green Revolution transformed the way agriculture was practised, especially in Punjab and Haryana.
  • In an attempt to address the growing water crisis, the Punjab and Haryana governments introduced laws around water conservation, encouraging farmers to look to the monsoon rather than groundwater to irrigate their crops.
Pokkali
Pokkali
  • Pokkali is an ancient farming practice where one season of rice farming is alternated with another season of fish culture. Rice farming and fish farming are mutually complementary.
  • As a person has to stand in waist-deep water to harvest the mature paddy stalks, it is tough to get workers to do the job.

 

Emergency Procurement
Emergency Procurement
Ek Bharat Shreshtha Bharat
Ek Bharat Shreshtha Bharat
  • Union government on Thursday announced a month-long programme to “strengthen” and “rekindle” the cultural and civilisational bond between Tamil Nadu and Varanasi. Named the ‘Kashi-Tamil Sangamam’, the programme would be held from November 16 to December 16.
  • This programme, which would be a part of the ‘Ek Bharat Shreshtha Bharat’ initiative, is aimed at rekindling the civilisational link between the new Kashi and Tamil Nadu — both deep centres of knowledge,” Union Education Minister Dharmendra Pradhan said.
Indian Space Research Organisation
Indian Space Research Organisation
  • The Indian Space Research Organisation, along with the Ministry of Science and Technology (MoST), is set to organise a two-day conference themed ‘Akash Tatva’ (the element Akash).
  • The conference is expected to host 35 “eminent speakers” over three days who will host discussions on topics such as developing “sustainable life based on panchmahabhoot.”
  • The latter refers to the five elements – of earth, fire, water, wind, and air as constituting all matter.

Q) With reference to the National Metallurgists Day Awards, consider the following statements:

  1. It was instituted in 2010 by the Union Ministry of Home Affairs.
  2. The awards are given on an annual basis, only to Indian nationals.

Which of the above statements is/are correct?

  1. 1 only
  2. 2 only
  3. Both 1 and 2
  4. Neither 1 nor 2

राष्ट्रीय धातुकर्मी दिवस पुरस्कार के संदर्भ में, निम्नलिखित कथनों पर विचार करें:

  1. इसे केंद्रीय गृह मंत्रालय द्वारा 2010 में स्थापित किया गया था।
  2. पुरस्कार केवल भारतीय नागरिकों को वार्षिक आधार पर दिए जाते हैं।

उपरोक्त में से कौन सा/से कथन सही है/हैं?

  1. केवल 1
  2. केवल 2
  3. दोनों 1 और 2
  4. न तो 1 और न ही 2

Explanation :

The Ministry of Steel has recently extended the last date of receiving applications under National Metallurgist Award – 2022 to 31st October 2022.

  • National Metallurgists Day Awards, was instituted in 1962 by the then Ministry of Steel & Mines.
  • It aims to recognize and honor outstanding contributions of Metallurgists in the metallurgical field covering operation, research, design, education, waste management, energy conservation and their specific contribution to achieve  objectives of ATMA NIRBHAR BHARAT.
  • The awards are given on an annual basis, only to Indian nationals.
  • Nominations for the award shall be invited online on the Ministry of Steel’s Portal or the centralized portal being developed by Ministry of Home Affairs. Nominations will be through companies/ organizations or from the public through self-nomination.
  • The first award was given in 1963 and subsequently every year thereafter.

Q) With reference to the BHAVISHYA, consider the following statements:

  1. BHAVISHYA is a Portal for Pension Payment and Tracking System is being integrated with Pension Seva portal of SBI.
  2. ‘Bhavishya’ platform was made mandatory for all central government departments since 01.01.2017.

Which of the above statements is/are correct?

  1. 1 only
  2. 2 only
  3. Both 1 and 2
  4. Neither 1 nor 2

भविष्य के संदर्भ में निम्नलिखित कथनों पर विचार कीजिएः

  1. भविष्य पेंशन भुगतान के लिए एक पोर्टल है और ट्रैकिंग सिस्टम को एसबीआई के पेंशन सेवा पोर्टल के साथ एकीकृत किया जा रहा है।
  2. 01.01.2017 से केंद्र सरकार के सभी विभागों के लिए ‘भविष्य’ मंच अनिवार्य कर दिया गया था।

उपरोक्त में से कौन सा/से कथन सही है/हैं?

  1. केवल 1
  2. केवल 2
  3. दोनों 1 और 2
  4. न तो 1 और न ही 2

BHAVISHYA:

  • BHAVISHYA is a Portal for Pension Payment and Tracking System is being integrated with Pension Seva portal of SBI and will enable Pensioners to get all information and services at one place with single login.
  • On completion of all phases of this integration the retirees can choose a Bank and Branch for opening an online Pension Account, check their monthly pension slips, Form 16, Status of Life Certificate as well as change their Pension Disbursing Bank through BHAVISHYA.
  • ‘Bhavishya’ platform was made mandatory for all central government departments since 01.01.2017.
  • BHAVISHYA has recently been rated as the 3rd best portal among all Government of India service portals by National e-Governance Service Delivery Assessment (NeSDA).
  • The following portals have now been merged with BHAVISHYA window: CPENGRAMS, ANUBHAV, ANUDAAN, SANKALP & Pension DASHBOARD.

Q) The term ‘Grey Zone Operations’ is associated with

  1. Early warning system of tropical storms
  2. Cyber Warfare
  3. Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons
  4. Strategic intervention to prevent malnutrition

‘ग्रे जोन ऑपरेशंस’ शब्द का संबंध किससे है?

  1. उष्णकटिबंधीय तूफानों की पूर्व चेतावनी प्रणाली
  2. साइबर युद्ध
  3. परमाणु हथियारों का अप्रसार
  4. कुपोषण को रोकने के लिए रणनीतिक हस्तक्षेप
  • Grey Zone Operations’ which fall outside traditional concepts of conflicts have become the new battleground, especially in regard to cyber warfare.
  • ‘Grey Zone Operations’ are already beginning to be employed to undermine the vitals of a state’s functioning, a trend likely to grow. The convergence of emerging technologies alongside new hybrid usages, pose several challenges to nations and institutions.

Q) Consider the following statements:

  1. No criminal proceedings shall be instituted against the governor of a state in any court during his term of office
  2. Emoluments and allowances of the governor of a state shall not be diminished during his term of office.

Which of the above statements is/are correct?

  1. 1 only
  2. 2 only
  3. Both 1 and 2
  4. Neither 1 nor 2

निम्नलिखित कथनों पर विचार करें:

  1. किसी राज्य के राज्यपाल के खिलाफ उनके कार्यकाल के दौरान किसी भी अदालत में कोई आपराधिक कार्यवाही शुरू नहीं की जाएगी
  2. किसी राज्य के राज्यपाल की परिलब्धियों और भत्तों को उसके कार्यकाल के दौरान कम नहीं किया जाएगा।

उपरोक्त में से कौन सा/से कथन सही है/हैं?

  1. केवल 1
  2. केवल 2
  3. दोनों 1 और 2
  4. न तो 1 और न ही 2

Explanation:

  • Article 361. Protection of President and Governors
  • No criminal proceedings whatsoever shall be instituted or continued against the President, or the Governor of a State, in any court during his term of office,
  • Article 158: Conditions of Governor Office
  • The emoluments and allowances of the Governor shall not be diminished during his term of office

Mains Practice Question:

Q) “One of the most significant impacts of climate change is on our food system”. Explain (150 words)

“जलवायु परिवर्तन के सबसे महत्वपूर्ण प्रभावों में से एक हमारी खाद्य प्रणाली पर है”। समझाएं (150 शब्द)

The Hindu Newspaper Analysis 22 October 2022

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