Table of Contents
PM-DevINE was announced in the Union Budget 2022-23 to address development gaps in the Northeastern Region (NER).
PM-DevINE will lead to creation of infrastructure, support industries, social development projects and create livelihood activities for youth and women, thus leading to employment generation.
Need for the PM-DevINE Yojana:
As per the NER District SDG Index and Dashboard 2021-22 (prepared by NITI Aayog, UNDP and MDoNER), Basic Minimum Services (BMS) are well below the national average and there are critical development gaps in the NER.
PM-DevINE Scheme was announced to address these BMS shortfalls and development gaps.
- Type: It is a Central Sector Scheme with 100% central funding.
- Implementing agency: The scheme will be implemented by the Ministry of Development of North Eastern Region (MDoNER) through North Eastern Council or Central Ministries/ agencies.
- Outlay: The Scheme will have an outlay of Rs.6,600 crore for the four year period from 2022-23 to 2025-26 (remaining years of 15th Finance Commission period).
- Other important features of the scheme:
- In contrast to the MDoNER’s schemes for developing NER, which are less than Rs.12 crore in size, the projects under PM-DevINE will be of larger in size and will also provide an end-to-end development solution instead of isolated projects.
- PM-DevINE is an additionality to the quantum of resources available for the development of the NER. It will not be a substitute for existing Central and State Schemes.
- In order to minimize construction risks of time and cost overruns, the projects will be implemented on an Engineering-Procurement-Construction (EPC) basis.
PM-DevINE Scheme: Special Focus on North Eastern Region of India (NER)
- Historically Isolated:
- Because of its isolation, the region never received the attention and emphasis it deserved.
- Post-Independence, due to the partition of India, the industrial sector in the Northeast received a serious setback as its trade routes were cut-off with the rest of the country.
- Poor infrastructure: Due to difficult terrain, infrastructural development in the region has been slow. This has widened the gulf between North Eastern Region of India and mainstream India.
- Economic backwardness: The North Eastern Region of India NER lagged behind economically due to several factors such as geographical isolation, political violence, insurgency, civil strife, migratory pressure and inter-state conflicts etc.