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New Parliament Building, Name, Architect, Features, Design

New Parliament Building

The New Parliament Building, to be built by Tata Projects Ltd., would be constructed next to the current structure during a 22-month period and have a built-up size of 64,500 square meters across four stories. The new structure would feature contributions from artists and sculptors from all around the nation, showing the diversity and elevating it to the status of a “Atmanirbhar Bharat” symbol.

The New Parliament Building is an important topic to learn about and comes under the polity section of UPSC Subject which an important subject in UPSC Syllabus. Students can also go for UPSC Mock Test to get more accuracy in their preparations.

New Parliament Building Location

From Rashtrapati Bhavan to India Gate, the New Parliament Building or Central Vista Project is in place. It consists of the Rajpath plots of land immediately adjacent to North Block, South Block, the Parliament building, and other secretariat buildings for the central government. King George V announced in the Delhi Durbar (a large assembly) in December 1911 that Delhi would replace Calcutta as the capital of India. In celebration of King George V’s coronation, Delhi Durbar was held.

Edwin Lutyens, who was well-known for his unwavering devotion to European Classicism, and Herbert Baker, a well-known architect in South Africa, were tasked with building a new metropolis. Additionally, Herbert Baker designed the Union buildings in Pretoria, South Africa. Baker and Lutyens both contributed to the design of Parliament House. The Chausath Yogini Mandir in Madhya Pradesh served as the model for the Indian Parliament’s architecture. Edwin Lutyens was the designer of Rashtrapati Bhavan. Herbert Baker created The Secretariat, which consists of both the north and south blocks.

New Parliament Building Objective

The New Parliament Building Plan is put forth to accommodate the Parliament, Ministries, and Departments’ current and future space requirements, as well as to offer better public amenities, parking facilities, and other things. The planned redevelopment project is motivated by concerns over fire safety, acoustics, and the deteriorated state of the century-old building.

By July 2022, a new Parliament building will be constructed, and by March 2024, a shared Central Secretariat will be established. The strength of the parliament is anticipated to expand from 545 MPs to 900 seats after this project is finished. The initiative also aims to enhance Central Vista’s beauty to turn it into a top-tier tourism destination.

New Parliament Building Design & Features

The new parliament will be crowned with the national anthem, and its ceiling will feature traditional-style carpeting and fresco paintings similar to those in Rashtrapati Bhawan. In order to preserve some of the qualities of the current parliament, shlokas will be written on the interior walls. As with the current structure, Dholpur stone will serve as the main building material. Red granite might take the place of red sandstone in various interior spaces. Construction will be done with extra care to minimise disruption and protect the environment.

The Lok Sabha will have a seating arrangement of 888 members in the new Parliament House. India currently has 543 seats in the Lok Sabha. Similarly, the Rajya Sabha, which currently has 245 seats in the new Parliament House, will be able to accommodate 384 members. The room designated for it will have seats for 1,272 people when a joint assembly of the two chambers is called at the new Parliament House. Right now, there are just 430 seats available in the Centre Hall where the two Houses convene jointly.

In preparation for a larger Parliament, the new Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha chambers will have more seating (888 and 384 seats, respectively); a 25-year moratorium on raising the state-by-state distribution of seats expires in 2026.

New Parliament Building Major Attraction

The new structure will feature six entrances where “guardian statues depicting auspicious animals” would be on display. Based on their significance in Indian culture, vaastu shastra, and characteristics like intelligence, victory, power, and prosperity, these “auspicious animals” have been picked. Each animal selected to be housed in the structure carries a set of affirmations that promote harmony and well-being.

The gaja (elephant), which stands for knowledge, riches, intellect, and memory, guards the ceremonial entry to the north. The northern direction is connected to Mercury, the source of greater intellect, according to vaastu shastra. The ashva (horse), a symbol of endurance, strength, power, and speed that describes the calibre of governance, guards the southern gate. The garuda (eagle), a symbol of the people’s aspirations, soars at the eastern entrance.

According to vaastu shastra, the rising sun, which symbolizes victory, is connected to the East. Swans, which stand for judgement and wisdom, are shown at the northeastern entrance. The remaining entrances feature the Makara, a mythical aquatic creature made up of parts from various animals, which symbolizes unity in diversity, and the Shardula, a mythical creature thought to be the most powerful living thing, which represents the strength of the nation’s people.

The new structure will include three ceremonial foyers, four galleries for each of the two Houses, six granite statues honouring individuals who contributed to the liberation movement and the creation of the Constitution, as many Indian galleries, and one Constitution gallery.

New Parliament Building Inauguration

Prime Minister Narendra Modi inaugurated India’s new parliament building on Sunday 28th May, a modern complex which is part of his Hindu nationalist government’s grand plan to give a makeover to the British colonial-era architecture in the nation’s capital.

The inauguration, and the ongoing revamp of the heart of New Delhi based on Indian culture, traditions, and symbols, come a year before parliamentary elections in which Modi’s Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) will pitch its strong Hindu nationalist credentials, and its performance in office over the last decade, to seek a third term.

New Parliament Building Sengol

Sengol‘, a historical sceptre from Tamil Nadu, which was received by India’s first prime minister Jawaharlal Nehru to represent the transfer of power from the British and was kept in a museum in Allahabad, is now installed in the New Parliament Building by Prime Minister Narendra Modi on May 28, 2023.

New Parliament Building Architect

The new Parliament House was created by Ahmedabad-based HCP Design, Planning and Management, which is managed by architect Bimal Patel. The current Parliament House, a colonial-era structure, was created by British architects Sir Edwin Lutyens and Herbert Baker.

New Parliament Building UPSC

The new Parliament building will be a crucial component of the “Atmanirbhar Bharat” project since craftsmen and sculptors from all across India will contribute to and highlight the country’s cultural diversity there. Additionally, the new Parliament building will be earthquake-resistant. Students can read all the details related to UPSC by visiting the official website of StudyIQ UPSC Online Coaching.

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New Parliament Building FAQs

Which is the new Parliament building in India?

A Platinum-rated Green Building, our new Sansad Bhavan will be a symbol of India's commitment towards environmental sustainability.

When Central Vista project will be completed?

The project is expected to be completed in 2026.

What is the current status of the new Parliament?

The new parliament building which is a part of the Central Vista redevelopment project, is set to be completed by the end of May 2023 in New Delhi.

What is the status of new parliament building New Delhi?

“Construction of the New Parliament Building is complete now and the new building symbolises the spirit of self-reliant India (Atmanirbhar Bharat).

What is new parliament building called?

The Parliament House (IAST: Sansad Bhavan) in New Delhi is the seat of the Parliament of India. Its houses the Lok Sabha and the Rajya Sabha which represent lower and upper houses respectively in India's bicameral parliament.

What are the features of the new Parliament building?

The new complex will have 888 seats in the Lok Sabha chamber and 384 seats in the Rajya Sabha chamber. Unlike the present parliament building, it will not have a central hall. The Lok Sabha chamber will be able to house 1,272 members in case of a joint session.

What is the size of new parliament building India?

India's new Parliament building—a four-storey-high, grey-and-red sandstone structure spread across an area of 64,500 sq m—has generated employment for around 23,04,095 people, as per the official Central Vista website.

What is Sengol in new Parliament?

The Sengol gets its name from the Tamil word 'semmai', meaning righteousness. The sceptre is a historical symbol of Independence as it signifies the transfer of power from the British to the Indians.

Who inaugurated new parliament building in India?

Prime Minister Narendra Modi inaugurated India's new parliament building on Sunday 28th May.

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