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NCRB Report: Crimes in India

Context: The National Crime Records Bureau (NCRB) released its annual report on crime in India for the year 2022.

Key Highlights Of The NCRB Report: Crimes in India

Category Details (2022) Comparison with 2021
Total Cognizable Crimes Registered 58,24,946 (35,61,379 under IPC; 22,63,567 under SLL) Decrease of 2,71,364 (4.5%)
Highest Charge-Sheeting Rate (IPC Crimes) Kerala (96.0%), Puducherry (91.3%), West Bengal (90.6%) ***
Crime Rate 422.2 crimes per lakh people Decreased from 445.9 in 2021
Murder Cases 28,522 cases Decrease of 2.6% (29,272 cases in 2021)
Crime Against Women 4,45,256 incidents Increase of 4% (4,28,278 cases in 2021)
Major Reasons for Crime Against Women Cruelty by Husband/Relatives (31.4%), Kidnapping & Abduction (19.2%), Assault with Intent to Outrage Modesty (18.7%) ***
State with Maximum Crime Against Women
  • Delhi (14,247 cases, 144.4 rate)
  • Country’s average: 66.4
***
Cybercrimes 65,893 cases Increase of 24.4% (52,974 cases in 2021)
Major Types of Cybercrimes Fraud (64.8%), Extortion (5.5%), Sexual Exploitation (5.2%) ***
Suicides Increase by 4.2% ***
Major Reasons for Suicides
  • Family Problems (31.7%),
    • Marriage Related Problems (4.8%),
    • Illness (18.4%)
  • Male to Female Ratio– 71.8:28.2
State with Maximum Suicides Maharashtra (22,746), Tamil Nadu (19,834), Madhya Pradesh (15,386), Karnataka (13,606), Kerala (10,162), Telangana (9,980) ***
Occupational Trend in Suicides Self-employed/Salaried Professionals (9.6%), Unemployed (9.2%) ***
Suicides Among Students Over 12,000 ***
Kidnapping & Abduction 1,07,588 cases Increase of 5.8% (1,01,707 cases in 2021)
Crime Against Children 1,07,588 cases Increase of 5.8% (1,01,707 cases in 2021)
Crime Against Senior Citizens 28,545 cases Increase of 9.3%
Crime/Atrocities Against SCs 13.1% increase in cases Crime Rate: Increase from 25.3 to 28.6
Crime/Atrocities Against STs 14.3% increase in cases Crime Rate: Increase from 8.4 to 9.6
Economic Offences
  • Counterfeiting (1,70,901 cases),
  • Criminal Breach of Trust (21,814),
  • Counterfeiting (670 cases)
11.1% increase in registration
Prevention of Corruption Act ACBs recorded 4,139 cases Increase of 10.5% (3,745 cases in 2021)
Environment-Related Offences 52,920 cases Decrease of 17.9% (64,471 cases in 2021)
Crime Against Foreigners 192 offences Increase of 28.0% (150 cases in 2021)
Human Trafficking 2,250 cases Increase of 2.8% (2,189 cases in 2021)

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About National Crime Records Bureau (NCRB)

  • Location: New Delhi, India
  • Establishment: 1986
  • Parent Organization: Ministry of Home Affairs, Government of India
  • Foundation Background: Formed following recommendations from the National Police Commission (1977) and a Task Force (1985).
  • Primary Role: Collecting and analysing crime data as defined by the Indian Penal Code (IPC) and Special and Local Laws (SLL).
  • Functions and Responsibilities:
    • Information Repository: Acts as a central resource for crime and criminal information, supporting investigations.
    • Fingerprint Records: Maintains a national database of fingerprints of Indian and foreign criminals, aiding in tracking interstate criminals.
    • CCTNS Project: Took charge of the Crime and Criminal Tracking Network & Systems (CCTNS) project in 2009.
    • National Digital Police Portal (2017): Launched to facilitate police access to CCTNS data and provide citizen services like online complaint filing.
  • Publications
    • Major Publications:
      • Crime in India (flagship report)
      • ‘Prisons Statistics India Report’.
      • Accidental Deaths and Suicides
    • Data Compilation: Sources information from police departments of 36 states and Union Territories.
      • Also collects data from 53 cities with populations over 10 lakh, based on the 2011 Census, via state-level crime records bureaus.

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