Mayor of MCD
- Mayor is the highest-ranking official in a municipal government of Delhi.
- The Delhi mayor is elected by the members of the Municipal Corporation of Delhi.
- In case of tie, the special commissioner appointed to oversee the election will allow the tie to be broken through a special draw of lots.
- The mayor of MCD witnesses five single-year terms on a rotation basis.
Voting in the Elections
- Voting is done through secret ballot. Apart from councilors, nominated MPs and MLAs can vote in the elections.
- However, there is no clarity whether Aldermen can vote in the Mayoral elections.
- Any councilor can vote for any candidate of his/her choice and the anti-defection law does not apply.
- The first year is reserved for women, the second for the open category, third for the reserved category, and the remaining two also being in the open category.
- The mayor can convene a special meeting of the Corporation upon a written requisition by at least one-fourth of the total number of councillors.
- In absence of quorum (more than one-fifth), it is the mayor’s responsibility to suspend the meeting until a quorum is reached.
- The mayor has a second vote, also known as a casting vote, in case votes are tied during a Corporation meeting.
- The mayor can disallow any questions that, in their opinion, violate the provisions for asking questions during meetings under the Delhi Municipal Corporation Act.
- The mayor has the power to ask a councilor to leave in case his/her conduct is “grossly disorderly” during a Corporation meeting and suspend them from attending future meetings for a period of 15 days.
- Councilors can be disqualified from their position if they fail to submit a declaration of their own and their family’s assets to the mayor within 30 days of taking office.
- The elected mayor proceeds to conduct the election of the Deputy Mayor and six members of the Standing Committee as required under section 35(1) and 45(1)(i) of the Act respectively.
- The mayor presides over all meetings of the Delhi Municipal Corporation. If the mayor is absent, the deputy mayor assumes the mayor’s duties.
Municipal Corporation of Delhi
- The MCD was formed in 1958 under the Delhi Municipal Corporation Act, 1957. In 2012, MCD was divided into three parts and was reunified earlier this year by the Centre.
- Members (councillors) are elected by residents of Delhi.
- 14 MLAs are nominated by the LG of Delhi to the MCD House every year and they change every year.
- Seven Lok Sabha MPs and three Rajya Sabha MPs from Delhi are also nominated members.
- The LG of Delhi can nominate 10 members to the MCD as Aldermen. Aldermen refers to people who are experts in their fields.
Functions of MCD
- Urban planning in its jurisdiction
- Land and building regulations
- Economic and social development planning
- Developing infrastructures such as roads and bridges
- Water supply management for the city
- Public health and sanitation
- Fire and other emergency services
- Running primary schools
- Slum redevelopment
- Tax collection
- Maintaining birth and death records
- The provisions related to Municipalities or Urban Local Governments were constituted through the 74th Constitutional Amendment Act of 1992.
- The 74th Amendment Act added a new Part (IX-A) and a new Schedule (12th schedule) to the Constitution of India, in form of Articles 243-P to 243-ZG.
- The act provides for three types of municipal governments:
- Nagar Panchayat (area in transition from rural to urban area)
- Municipal Council (smaller urban area)
- Municipal Corporation (larger urban area)
- Powers and Functions:
- All municipalities would be empowered with such powers and responsibilities that are necessary for them to function as effective institutions of self-government.
- The State Legislature may enact laws for determining powers and responsibilities to be given to the municipalities.