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Initiatives for the Development of Animal Husbandry and Dairying Sector

Context: Recently, the Union Minister of Fisheries, Animal Husbandry and Dairying informed Lok Sabha that India is the highest milk producer in the world.


  • According to production data from the Food and Agriculture Organization Corporate Statistical Database (FAOSTAT), India is the highest milk producer in the world contributing twenty-four per cent of global milk production in the year 2021-22.
  • According to the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) “Dairy and Products Annual – 2021” report, India is also the largest consumer of milk and milk products.
    • India’s per capita milk consumption at 406 grams (g)/day (2019-2020), already exceeds the world average of 305 g/day (2020).
  • Milk production in India has registered a fifty-one per cent increase during the last eight years- during the year 2014-15 and 2021-22.
  • Milk Production in the country has increased from 146.31 Million Tonnes in 2014-15 to 221.1 Million Tonnes in 2021-22 i.e. by 6.38% per annum during the last 8 years.
  • The value of the output of milk is more than Rs. 9.32 lakh crore during 2021-22 which is higher than the agriculture produces and even more than the combined value of paddy and wheat.
Food and Agriculture Organization Corporate Statistical Database
Food and Agriculture Organization Corporate Statistical Database

Various Schemes to Promote And Develop Animal Husbandry And Dairying Sector

Steps Description
National Programme for Dairy Development
  • It was launched in February 2014 by merging three existing schemes- Intensive Dairy Development Programme, Strengthening Infrastructure for Quality and Clean Milk Production and Assistance to Cooperatives.
  • Aim: Enhancing the quality of milk, milk products and increasing the share of organised procurement, processing, value addition and marketing.
  • Aim: Enhancing milk production and productivity of bovines to meet growing demand of milk and making dairying more remunerative to the rural farmers of the country.
  • Development and conservation of indigenous bovine breeds.
National Digital Livestock Mission” (NDLM) Improving the productivity of the animals, control diseases that affect both animals and humans, ensure quality livestock both for domestic and export markets.
Livestock Health and Disease Control Programme Aim: To improve the animal health sector by way of implementation of prophylactic vaccination programmes against various diseases of livestock and poultry, capacity building, disease surveillance and strengthening of veterinary infrastructure.
Animal Husbandry Infrastructure Development Fund (AHIDF)
  • It is a Central Sector Scheme under the Prime Minister’s Atma Nirbhar Bharat Abhiyan stimulus package
  • Incentivizing investments
  1. the dairy processing and value addition infrastructure,
  2. meat processing and value addition infrastructure.
  3. Animal Feed Plant
Dairy Processing and Infra Development Fund
  • Aim: Bringing more dairy farmers into organised milk marketing through better price realisation, with milk processing capacity of cooperatives set to increase by 32 million litres per day and bulk milk chilling capacity by 14 million litres per day.
  • To modernize the milk processing plants and machinery and to create additional infrastructure for processing more milk.

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what is the full form of FAOSTAT?

Food and Agriculture Organization Corporate Statistical Database (FAOSTAT)

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