Context: Recently, the Union Minister of Fisheries, Animal Husbandry and Dairying informed Lok Sabha that India is the highest milk producer in the world.
- According to production data from the Food and Agriculture Organization Corporate Statistical Database (FAOSTAT), India is the highest milk producer in the world contributing twenty-four per cent of global milk production in the year 2021-22.
- According to the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) “Dairy and Products Annual – 2021” report, India is also the largest consumer of milk and milk products.
- India’s per capita milk consumption at 406 grams (g)/day (2019-2020), already exceeds the world average of 305 g/day (2020).
- Milk production in India has registered a fifty-one per cent increase during the last eight years- during the year 2014-15 and 2021-22.
- Milk Production in the country has increased from 146.31 Million Tonnes in 2014-15 to 221.1 Million Tonnes in 2021-22 i.e. by 6.38% per annum during the last 8 years.
- The value of the output of milk is more than Rs. 9.32 lakh crore during 2021-22 which is higher than the agriculture produces and even more than the combined value of paddy and wheat.
Various Schemes to Promote And Develop Animal Husbandry And Dairying Sector
|National Programme for Dairy Development||
|RASHTRIYA GOKUL MISSION||
|National Digital Livestock Mission” (NDLM)||Improving the productivity of the animals, control diseases that affect both animals and humans, ensure quality livestock both for domestic and export markets.|
|Livestock Health and Disease Control Programme||Aim: To improve the animal health sector by way of implementation of prophylactic vaccination programmes against various diseases of livestock and poultry, capacity building, disease surveillance and strengthening of veterinary infrastructure.|
|Animal Husbandry Infrastructure Development Fund (AHIDF)||
|Dairy Processing and Infra Development Fund||