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India’s GDP Growth Rate 2023, GDP of India in Last 10 years

GDP of India 2023

India’s GDP in 2023 is estimated to be $3.732 trillion. This is the fifth-largest GDP in the world. India’s GDP per capita is $2,612. India’s economy is driven by the following sectors:

  • Information technology, Services, Agriculture, and Manufacturing. India’s GDP growth rate is 6.3% for 2023-24.
  • The median growth forecast for agriculture and allied activities is 2.7% for 2023-24. India’s GDP has crossed $4 trillion for the first time. This is a significant moment in the country’s global presence.

India Remains Fastest-Growing Major Economy

The Finance Ministry has officially declared India as the fastest-growing major economy globally. In the July-September quarter of 2023-24, India recorded an impressive 7.6% economic growth, propelled primarily by stellar performances in the manufacturing, mining, and services sectors.

Key Contributors to Growth

Several factors have been instrumental in India’s economic surge, including robust domestic fundamentals, low inflation expectations, a surge in investment demand, a notable uptick in industrial activity, and sustained strength in domestic demand.

Global Economic Impact

India’s growth trajectory is poised to leave a substantial imprint on the global stage. Projections indicate that over the next five years, India’s growth is expected to contribute significantly, accounting for 12.9% of global economic expansion. This surpasses the projected share of the United States, which stands at 11.3%. India’s economic prowess positions it as a key driver of global growth in the coming years.

India’s GDP Growth Rate

India’s GDP Growth Rate fell to 4.4% in the third quarter. In Q3, the gross value added (GVA) increased by 4.6%. The GDP is the indicator of the size of the domestic economy. The full form of GDP is Gross Domestic Product. GDP is essentially the total of the final prices of the products and services produced in an economy over a specific time period.  It is reviewed frequently to take into account shifting production structures, comparable prices, and improved economic activity recording. Since India’s GDP growth rate is a subject that frequently makes the news, it is pertinent to the UPSC Mains.

GDP of India

GDP is the total monetary or market value of all finished goods and services produced within a country’s borders in a given time period. It serves as a comprehensive scorecard of a country’s economic health because it is a broad measure of overall domestic production. The government changed the base year for national accounts in January 2015 from the previous base year of 2004-05 to the new base year of 2011-12 and national accounting’s base year had already undergone revision in January 2010.

The Gross Domestic Product (GDP) at factor cost was abandoned in favour of the gross value added (GVA) at basic prices adopted by other countries in the new series by the Central Statistical Office (CSO).

India’s GDP Growth Rate of the economy for 2013–14 was expected to be 6.9% on the basis of the new base year; it was 4.7% on the basis of the 2004–05 base. Similar to this, the GDP growth rate for 2012–13 increased from 4.5% to 5.1%.

GDP Growth Rate in Third Quarter of Current Fiscal Year 2022–23

The Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation recently released data showing that the third quarter of the current fiscal year 2022–23 witnessed GDP expand at a pace of 4.4%. The growth rate was 6.3% in the first quarter of the current year and fell to 4.4% in the third quarter. In Q3, the gross value added (GVA) increased by 4.6%.

The results show that the agricultural sector, which increased from 2.4% in Q2 to 3.7% in Q3, had the strongest performance during the previous three quarters. A downturn in the manufacturing sector, reduced demand, and low government spending were the main causes of the decline.

The National Statistical Office (NSO), Ministry of Statistics, and Programme Implementation publish quarterly GDP data. According to the government, in the fiscal year 2022–2023, the economy will grow at a 7% annual pace. According to experts, the economy is under threat from factors such as El Nino, rising prices, sluggish demand, and slow global growth.

GDP Growth Rate of India in 2022-2023

The Economic Survey 2022-23 projects a baseline GDP growth rate of 6.5 per cent in real terms in FY24. The projection is broadly comparable to the estimates provided by multilateral agencies such as the World Bank, the IMF, and the ADB and by RBI, domestically.

India’s economy is to grow 6.0-6.8% in 2023-24, compared to 7% in 2022-2023 and 8.7% in 2021-22. Gross domestic product (GDP) in nominal terms is to be 11% in the next fiscal. GDP Growth rates are driven by private consumption, higher capex, strengthening the corporate balance sheet, credit growth to small businesses and return of migrant workers to cities.

India’s GDP Growth Rate Chart

Since the turn of the century, India’s annual GDP growth rate has averaged 6% to 7%. For most of recorded history, up until the early 19th century, the Indian subcontinent’s economy was the largest in the world. In 2022, India accounted for 7.2% of the global economy in PPP terms, and around 3.4% in nominal terms. The graph below shows the various trends in India’s GDP Growth Rate  from 2009-2023


India’s GDP Growth Rate Last 10 years

India’s GDP Growth rate in the last 10 years has been at an average Growth rate of 6-7 per cent. From 2006 to 2023, India averaged 6.15 per cent, with a high of 8.7 per cent in 2022 and a low of -6.6 per cent in 2021.

India surpassed the United Kingdom to become the world’s fifth-largest economy. The only countries with economies larger than India’s are the United States, China, Japan, and Germany. In an uncertain world, real GDP growth of 6-6.5% is the new normal, and India is on track to become the third-largest economy by 2029.

The table below shows India’s GDP growth rate over the last 10 years as per the Economic Survey:

Year GDP Growth Rate
2014-15 8.0
2015-16 8.2
2016-17 7.2
2017-18 7.1
2018-19 4.5
2019-20 3.7
2020-21 -6.6
2021-22 8.7
2022-23 7.0
2023-24 6.0-6.8

It’s important to note that the  GDP Growth rate estimates for 2023-24 are subject to change as data becomes available, and the policies have had a significant impact on the Indian economy. However, the estimates suggest India’s economy is expected to rebound strongly in the fiscal year of 2023-24.

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India's GDP Growth Rate

What is the GDP growth rate of India 2023?

India's economic growth decelerated to 4.4 per cent in the October-December quarter of this fiscal mainly due to a contraction in the manufacturing sector. Economic Survey envisages the Indian economy to grow at 6.5 % in 2023-24 fiscal; CEA says India to be a 5 trillion dollar economy by 2025-26.

What is India's GDP growth rate today?

The nominal GDP increased by 15.9%. Nominal GDP or GDP at Current Prices is predicted to reach Rs 272.04 lakh crore in 2022–2023 as opposed to Rs 234.71 lakh crore in 2021–2022—a growth rate of 15.9 per cent.

When did India have the highest GDP?

Between 1960 and 2021, India's GDP averaged 699.08 billion dollars, with a record high of 3176.30 billion dollars in 2021 and a record low of 37.03 billion dollars in 1960.

Is India's GDP growth good?

GDP is significant since it provides information on the size and health of an economy. Real GDP growth is frequently used as a gauge of the economy's overall health. In general, a growth in real GDP is seen as a positive indicator of the health of the economy.

Which country has highest GDP?

United States

Which country has 2nd highest GDP?


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