Financial Action Task Force
The Financial Action Task Force (FATF) is an intergovernmental body founded in 1989 to combat money laundering, terrorist funding, and other risks to the international financial system’s integrity. The FATF creates and supports policies and standards to prevent and identify money laundering and terrorist funding, as well as conduct mutual assessments of member nations’ compliance with these standards.
The FATF is comprised of 39 member countries and jurisdictions, as well as other observer governments and organisations. Many governments throughout the world have adopted the organization’s guidelines as the international standard for anti-money laundering and counter-terrorist funding efforts. FATF compliance is frequently seen as a crucial aspect in evaluating a country’s overall economic and financial repute.
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Financial Action Task Force Origin
The G-7 conference of industrialised countries in Paris in 1989 led to the creation of the Financial Action Task Force, a global organisation that monitors money laundering and terrorism financing. Its initial goal was to investigate and create strategies to combat money laundering. In 2001, FATF enlarged its mandate to include initiatives to combat terrorist financing in response to the 9/11 attacks on the US. It increased its efforts to stop the financing of the spread of Weapons of Mass Destruction (WMD) in April 2012.
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The headquarters of the Financial Action Task Force (FATF) is in Paris, France. The FATF creates and supports policies and standards to prevent and identify money laundering and terrorist funding, as well as conduct mutual assessments of member nations’ compliance with these standards. The FATF has a Secretariat that is in charge of the organization’s day-to-day operations and supporting its work.
Read about: International Organizations and their Headquarters
Financial Action Task Force Members
It currently has 39 members, representing the majority of the world’s major financial centres. There are two regional organisations among the 39 members: the European Commission and the Gulf Cooperation Council. Nations that are FATF members:
|List of FATF Member Countries|
|Hong Kong (China)||Sweden|
|Japan||Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC)|
|Republic of Korea|
The President of the Financial Action Task Force (FATF) is a senior official in charge of managing and overseeing the organization’s activity. The President is elected for a one-year term from among the FATF’s member countries and jurisdictions. The President’s responsibilities include representing the FATF in meetings and engagements with other organisations and stakeholders, defining the agenda for meetings and activities of the organisation, and giving strategic direction for the FATF’s operations.
Dr. Marcus Pleyer of Germany was the FATF President as of September 2021, according to my knowledge. However, the FATF president rotates annually among the organization’s member countries and jurisdictions, therefore a new President may have been chosen since then.
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Financial Action Task Force Grey List
The FATF maintains two lists of nations and jurisdictions based on their level of compliance with the organization’s anti-money laundering and counter-terrorist financing guidelines. The first list, known as the “FATF blacklist” or “FATF non-cooperative countries and territories (NCCTs) list,” includes nations that the FATF believes have major shortcomings in their anti-money laundering and counter-terrorist financing systems.
The second list, known as the “FATF grey list” or “FATF list of jurisdictions under heightened surveillance,” recognises nations that have committed to improving their anti-money laundering and counter-terrorism funding regimes but have not yet completely implemented the necessary reforms.
Being on the FATF grey list can have serious economic ramifications for a country, as it can lead to heightened scrutiny and problems accessing international financial markets. It is crucial to emphasise, however, that being on the list does not necessarily imply that a country is actively aiding money laundering or terrorist financing activities, but rather that more measures are needed to remedy the observed shortcomings in their systems.
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Financial Action Task Force Pakistan
Since June 2018, Pakistan has been on the Financial Action Task Force’s (FATF) grey list due to concerns about its anti-money laundering and counter-terrorist funding policies. The FATF is concerned about Pakistan’s failure to execute its recommendations to resolve these issues.
Since then, Pakistan has taken a number of steps to improve its compliance with the FATF’s recommendations, including the adoption of new laws, the strengthening of its regulatory framework, and the increased capacity of its law enforcement agencies to investigate and prosecute money laundering and terrorist financing cases.
The FATF welcomed Pakistan’s progress in implementing its recommendations in October 2020 but opted to retain the country on the grey list due to the country’s failure to fully resolve all of the identified flaws. Pakistan has been given a series of action plans and timelines to undertake the necessary reforms, and the FATF will continue to monitor Pakistan’s progress.
Being on the FATF grey list can have serious economic ramifications for a country, as it can lead to heightened scrutiny and problems accessing international financial markets. As a result, Pakistan must continue to strive towards completely implementing the FATF’s recommendations to resolve its inadequacies in anti-money laundering and counter-terrorist funding. The Financial Action Task Force (FATF), the international watchdog on terror funding and money laundering, removed Pakistan from its list of nations requiring “enhanced monitoring” in 2022.
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Financial Action Task Force UPSC
The FATF as a topic is crucial to India’s efforts to tackle these concerns within its own borders since it is a global intergovernmental body that establishes standards for anti-money laundering and counter-terrorist financing measures. The UPSC examination may assess candidates’ understanding of the FATF norms and India’s compliance with them in subjects including current affairs, general studies, and international relations.
Candidates should therefore have a fundamental awareness of the FATF’s mission, standards, and impact on India’s efforts to prevent money laundering and terrorism funding as they prepare for the UPSC exam.
For more details related to UPSC Examination; students can visit the official website of StudyIQ UPSC Online Coaching. Aspirants can improve their question-solving skills by solving mock on weekly basis. Mocks help to score well in the exam. Students can go for UPSC Mock Test to enhance their preparations for their upcoming examinations.