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Discuss the impact of climate change on Antarctica and its biodiversity.

Q) Discuss the impact of climate change on Antarctica and its biodiversity. (15 marks, 250 words)
अंटार्कटिका और इसकी जैव विविधता पर जलवायु परिवर्तन के प्रभाव की चर्चा कीजिए।

Demand of question: The concept of climate change is asked with emphasis on Antarctica. Candidates need to be aware of the fundamentals of climate change to answer this. 

Directive Word:

Discuss– Discussing something requires having a conversation where you share reasons supported by proof to support both sides of an idea, and then coming to a decision. 

Structure of the Answer

Introduction: Start by defining climate change and giving evidence in the form of reports and facts.


  • Firstly, highlight why Antarctica is unique in terms of its Biodiversity. 
  • Next, explain the various impacts climate change has had on Antarctica. It is important to focus on both positive and negative impacts. Adding some examples and facts will increase your marks 

ConclusionHighlight global efforts to reduce the negative impacts of climate change on Antarctica and what further needs to be done. 

Part of the syllabus: Paper-3 Environment (Conservation, Environmental Pollution and Degradation, Environmental Impact Assessment)

Paper-1 Geography (Important Geophysical Phenomena such as earthquakes, Tsunami, Volcanic activity, cyclone etc., geographical features and their location-changes in critical geographical features (including water-bodies and ice-caps) and in flora and fauna and the effects of such changes)

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