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Corruption Perceptions Index 2023 Report by Transparency International, India’s Rank

Context: India ranked 93 out of 180 countries on the Corruption Perceptions Index (CPI) for 2023, as against 85 in 2022.

About Corruption Perceptions Index

  • Released by – Transparency International.
  • Rankings – It ranks 180 countries and territories by their perceived levels of public sector corruption according to experts and business people.
  • Scale – 0 to 100
    • 0 – Highly corrupt
    • 100 – Very clean.
  • India’s Score – 39 ( 40 in 2022)

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Key Findings of Corruption Perceptions Index 2023 Report

India’s Performance

    • India’s score shows fluctuations small enough that no firm conclusions can be drawn on any significant change.
    • Reason for weak scores – Lack of delivery by elected officials on anti-corruption agendas,narrowing of civic space, crackdowns on organised civil society and attacks on freedoms of press, assembly and association.
  • Over two-thirds of countries score below 50 out of 100, which strongly indicates that they have serious corruption problems.
  • The index ranked Denmark at the top, followed by Finland, New Zealand and Norway.
  • The bottom of the index included Myanmar (162), Afghanistan (162) and North Korea (172). At rank 180 was Somalia with the lowest score of 11.
  • In South Asia – Both Pakistan and Sri Lanka grapple with their respective debt burdens and ensuing political instability.

Global Corruption Levels

  • The report reveals that more than two-thirds of the 180 countries assessed score below 50 out of 100, indicating a prevalent and widespread corruption problem globally.
  • The global average score remains stagnant at 43, emphasizing the persistent challenge in making substantial progress in combating corruption on a global scale over the past decade.

Top-Performing Countries

  • Denmark continues to lead the index for the sixth consecutive year, securing the top spot with a score of 90.
  • Finland and New Zealand closely follow with scores of 87 and 85, respectively.
  • These top performers consistently exhibit robust anti-corruption measures and well-functioning institutions.

Bottom-ranked Countries

  • The lowest-ranked countries in the CPI 2023 include Somalia, Venezuela, Syria, South Sudan, and Yemen.
  • These nations are marked by protracted crises, armed conflicts, and political instability, contributing significantly to their severe corruption challenges.

Global Average Score

  • The global average score of 43 underscores the ongoing struggle to combat corruption effectively.
  • The lack of significant improvement across the majority of countries suggests a need for more robust and sustained anti-corruption efforts globally.

Rule of Law Index Connection

  • The report highlights a notable correlation between the Rule of Law Index and the Corruption Perceptions Index.
  • Countries with well-functioning justice systems tend to score higher on both indices, emphasizing the link between access to justice and lower levels of corruption.

Factors Contributing to Corruption

  • The report identifies both authoritarian and democratic leaders as contributors to the undermining of justice, leading to increased impunity for corrupt acts.
  • Corruption, particularly bribery and abuse of power, has infiltrated many global judicial institutions, limiting access to justice for vulnerable populations.

Global Recommendations

  • The report emphasizes the urgent need for strong justice systems globally to effectively combat corruption.
  • It advocates for international collaboration and coordinated efforts to strengthen anti-corruption measures and justice systems.

State of Indian Neighbors

  • Pakistan and Sri Lanka face political instability and debt burdens but demonstrate strong judicial oversight.
  • Bangladesh, despite emerging from Least Developed Country status, faces challenges due to a crackdown against the press.
  • China’s aggressive anti-corruption measures raise questions about long-term effectiveness, relying heavily on punishment.

Implications of Corruption

  • The report outlines the profound implications of corruption on people, public life, society, and the economy.
  • Consequences include a lack of quality services, distrust in government, discouragement of whistle-blowing, and negative economic impacts.

Significance of Corruption Perceptions Index (CPI) 2023 Report

Global Overview: Over two-thirds of countries scored below 50, indicating widespread corruption.
Top Performers: Denmark leads with a score of 90, followed by Finland (87) and New Zealand (85).
Bottom-ranked Countries: Somalia, Venezuela, Syria, South Sudan, and Yemen face severe corruption challenges.
India’s Performance: Ranked 93, India’s score is 39, a slight decrease from the previous year.
Rule of Law Connection: Strong correlation between Rule of Law Index and Corruption Perceptions Index.
Factors Contributing to Corruption: Authoritarian and democratic leaders undermining justice, contributing to increased impunity.
Global Recommendations: Urgent need for strong global justice systems and international collaboration.
State of Indian Neighbors: Pakistan, Sri Lanka, Bangladesh, and China face unique challenges.
Implications of Corruption: Profound effects on people, society, and the economy globally.
Call for Action: Emphasis on policy reforms, transparency, and anti-corruption measures.

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Corruption Perceptions Index 2023 Report FAQs

What is the most corrupt country in 2023?

Somalia tops the list as the most corrupt with a score of 11

What is the rank of India in World Corruption Index?

India is at 93rd position in the Corruption Perception Index for the year 2023, with a score of 39, dropping from 85th position in 2022.

What is the corruption perception index?

The Corruption Perceptions Index (CPI) is an index which ranks countries "by their perceived levels of public sector corruption, as determined by expert assessments and opinion surveys."

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