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Census of India 2011, Latest, Total Population and History

The decennial census of India, initiated by Viceroy Lord Mayo in 1872, has been a regular occurrence every 10 years, with the first comprehensive census conducted in 1881. Since 1949, it has been overseen by the Registrar General and Census Commissioner of India, operating under the Ministry of Home Affairs, Government of India. Governed by the 1948 Census of India Act, predating the Indian Constitution, the census schedule and data release are not bound by specific dates. The 2011 census was the most recent, with the subsequent one scheduled for 2021 postponed due to the COVID-19 pandemic. The forthcoming census is now slated to follow the 2024 general election.

Census of India 2011

This was the fifteenth census of Indians. The home listing and population enumeration were two components of this. Uttar Pradesh was discovered to be India’s most populous state, per the 2011 census. A total of 199,812,341 people called it home, making up 16.51% of all Indians. With a population of 610,577, Sikkim was discovered to be the least populated state in India according to this census, accounting for 0.05% of all Indians.

Lastest Census of India 2011

This table has all the important facts related to the Census of India 2011. Candidates can read all the details related census of India 2011 in the table below:

Category State
State with the least amount of people Bihar
State with the greatest density of people Arunachal Pradesh
Area of the Union with the smallest population Lakshadweep
Nation’s most populous state Uttar Pradesh
Nation’s least populous state Sikkim
The most sexually balanced state Kerala
The lowest female ratio state Haryana
The nation’s most literate state Kerala
The nation’s least literate state Bihar


Literacy Rate in India Data from Census of India 2011
Male 82.14%
Female 65.46%
Overall Literacy 74%

Highlights of Census of India 2011

  • The Census of India 2011 was conducted in two stages: House listing & Housing Census from April to September 2010, and Population Enumeration from 9th to 28 February 2011.
  • It marked the 15th Census of India and the 7th Census of Independent India, commencing on 1st April 2010, with the President of India being the first citizen enumerated, followed by the Vice President.
  • The slogan for the census was ‘Our Census, Our Future’.
  • C. Chandramouli served as the Census Commissioner of India for the year 2011.
  • The provisional figures revealed a population of 1,210.19 million, with 623.7 million males (51.54%) and 586.46 million females (48.46%).
  • Uttar Pradesh emerged as the most populous state in India, with a population exceeding that of Brazil.

Census of India Registrar General and Census Commissioner

With effect from November 1, 2022, Shri Mritunjay Kumar Narayan was appointed Registrar General and Census Commissioner of India. Before entering the office of the Registrar General of India, he served as an Additional Secretary in the Ministry of Home Affairs.

Census of India History

First Census of India (1881)

It placed a strong focus on categorizing the demographic, economic, and social traits of British India’s entire continent (Except Kashmir and French and Portuguese colonies).

Second Census of India (1891)

It followed a methodology that was remarkably similar to that of the 1881 census. In an effort to provide complete coverage, Sikkim, Kashmir, and the upper portion of modern-day Burma were also included.

Third Census of India (1901)

Balochistan, Rajputana, Andaman Nicobar, Burma, Punjab, and distant regions of Kashmir were also counted in this census.

Fifth Census of India (1921)

The only decade up until now to experience a decadal population drop of 0.31% was the decade from 1911 to 21.The influenza pandemic of 1918, which claimed at least 12 million lives, concluded during this decade. Up until the 1921 Census, India’s population continued to grow, and it has continued to do so since. In India’s population history, the census year of 1921 is therefore referred to as “The Great Divide” year.

Eleventh Census of India (1971)

Following freedom, it was the second Census. A question about fertility for women who are already married was introduced.

Thirteenth Census of India (1991)

The sixth census since India gained its independence. In contrast to 1981, when children up to the age group of 4+ were treated as literate, the definition of literacy in this Census changed, and children of the age group of 7+ were deemed literate.

Fourteenth Census in India (2001)

It saw a significant advance in technology. The phase plans were scanned using high-speed scanners, and using Intelligent Character Reading, the handwritten data from the schedules was transformed into digital form.

Fifteenth Census of India (2011)

EAG States (Empowered action group states: UP, Uttarakhand, Bihar, Jharkhand, MP, Chhattisgarh, Rajasthan & Orissa) experienced a substantial decline in population for the first time in the 2011 Census. An ICR reads image data and extracts handwriting. The printed characters are captured using a sophisticated form of optical character recognition (OCR) technology.

Sixteenth Census of India (2021)

Because of the Covid-19 pandemic epidemic, the census of 2021 has been delayed. The first computerized Census, however, will also include a self-enumeration option. The information on homes led by members of the transgender community and the people who reside there will be gathered for the first time. There used to be a section reserved for men and women only.

Census of India UPSC

The census serves as the foundation for reviewing the nation’s progress over the previous ten years, which includes keeping track of the Government’s active programs and, most significantly, making plans. The catchphrase for Census 2021 was chosen as “Our Census – Our Future” to stay loyal to this concept. As of 2021, India’s decennial census has been carried out 16 times. The first comprehensive census was performed in 1881, though it has been conducted every 10 years since 1872 when British Viceroy Lord Mayo was in charge. Read all the details related to the Census of India and other important topics Related to UPSC by visiting the official website of StudyIQ UPSC Online Coaching.

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Census of India FAQs

What is the current Census of India?

The current population of India is 1,416,148,323 as of March 20, 2023, based on interpolation of the latest United Nations data. The population of India is projected at 1,393,409,038 or 1.39 billion or 1393.4 million or 139 crore as of July 1, 2021.

When was the next census in India?

The Census enumeration scheduled to take place in 2021 has been further pushed to 2024-25 until further orders

When was the last year of Census of India?

The last decennial population Census of India was conducted during 2021.

What is meant by Census of India?

Population Census is the total process of collecting, compiling, analyzing and disseminating demographic, economic and social data pertaining, at a specific time, of all persons in a country or a well-defined part of a country. It also provides the trends in population characteristics.

Who is the father of Indian Census?

Henry Walter is known as the father of Indian Census.

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