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Asian Countries List, Capitals, Regions, Currency and Population

Asian Countries: In terms of both land and population, Asia is the largest of the seven continents on Earth. Conventionally, the term “Asia” refers to the eastern part of the Eurasian landmass, as well as Japan, an island nation, and the island countries of Maritime Southeast Asia. Except for a few islands in Southeast Asia, the continent is almost entirely located north of the equator. Asia shares a physical boundary with Europe (a member of the same landmass) through the Ural Mountains and across the Caspian Sea, and it connects to Africa via the Isthmus of Suez.

How Many Countries Are in Asia?

There are 48 countries in Asia it is usually grouped into one of the five regional divisions: East Asia, South-East Asia, South Asia, South-West Asia, and Central Asia. According to the United Nations which covered around 49.7 million km² (19,189,277 square miles) i.e., about 30% of the total land area of the Earth.

With more than 17 million km2, Russia is by far the largest nation in terms of area, with 13 million km2 (or 77% of its total area) located in Asia. With a total size of 9.6 million km2, China is the second-largest Asian country. The island country of Maldives, at 298 km2, is the smallest autonomous state in Asia. Check the important facts about the Asian Continent below in the table:

Asian Countries
Particulars Details
Total Area 49.7 million km²
Number of Countries in Asia 50 (48 recognized by the UN)
Population in Asia 4.561 billion
Number of languages spoken Around 2,300 Languages
Biggest Country (area-wise) China (9.6 million km²)
Smallest Country (area-wise) Maldives (298 km2)
Most Populated Country China (around 1.4 billion)
Highest Mountain in Asia Mount Everest (8849 m)
Longest River in Asia Yangtze River (Cháng Jiāng), China (3rd longest in World)

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Asian Countries List and Capitals

Here are the complete 48 countries in Asia and their Capitals and Currencies:

Countries in the Asian Continent
Country Name Capital Currency
Afghanistan Kabul Afghan afghani
Armenia Yerevan Armenian dram
Azerbaijan Baku Azerbaijani manat
Bahrain Manama Bahraini dinar
Bangladesh Dhaka Taka
Bhutan Thimphu Bhutanese ngultrum
Brunei Bandar Seri Begawan Brunei dollar
Cambodia Phnom Penh Cambodian riel
China Beijing Renminbi (Yuan)
Cyprus Nicosia Euro
Georgia Tbilisi Lari
India New Delhi Indian rupee
Indonesia Jakarta Rupiah
Iran Tehran Iranian rial
Iraq Baghdad Iraqi dinar
Israel Jerusalem Israeli new shekel
Japan Tokyo Yen
Jordan Amman Jordanian dinar
Kazakhstan Nur-Sultan Kazakhstani tenge
Kuwait Kuwait City Kuwaiti dinar
Kyrgyzstan Bishkek Kyrgyzstani som
Laos Vientiane Lao kip
Lebanon Beirut Lebanese pound
Malaysia Kuala Lumpur Ringgit
Maldives Male Maldivian rufiyaa
Mongolia Ulaanbaatar Mongolian togrog
Myanmar (formerly Burma) Naypyidaw Kyat
Nepal Kathmandu Nepalese rupee
North Korea Pyongyang North Korean won
Oman Muscat Omani rial
Pakistan Islamabad Pakistani rupee
Palestine Jerusalem (East) Palestine pound
Philippines Manila Philippine peso
Qatar Doha Qatari riyal
Russia (Asia + Europe) Moscow Russian ruble
Saudi Arabia Riyadh Saudi riyal
Singapore Singapore Singapore dollar
South Korea Seoul South Korean won
Sri Lanka Sri Jayawardenepura Kotte Sri Lankan rupee
Syria Damascus Syrian pound
Taiwan (Recognized by 13 UN countries) Taipei New Taiwan dollar
Tajikistan Dushanbe Somoni
Thailand Bangkok Baht
Timor-Leste Dili US dollar
Turkey Ankara Turkish lira
Turkmenistan Ashgabat Turkmen new manat
United Arab Emirates Abu Dhabi UAE Dirham
Uzbekistan Tashkent Uzbekistan som
Vietnam Hanoi Dong
Yemen Sana’a Yemeni rial

Asian Countries Map

Here is the location of every Asian country in the Map below.

Asian Countries map

Asian Countries and Regions

In Asia, there are conventionally 6 main geographical regions or subregions:

  • Northern Asia
  • Western Asia
  • Central Asia
  • Eastern Asia
  • Southern Asia
  • Southeast Asia

Northern Asian Countries

The enormous east region of the Ural Mountains, commonly known as Siberia, is referred to as North Asia or Northern Asia. The area is separated among the Ural, Siberian, and Russian Far Eastern federal districts of Russia. The 13 million km2 (5.1 million sq mi) area is bordered to the north by the Arctic Ocean, to the west by European Russia, and to the east by the Bering Sea. Kazakhstan, Mongolia, and China border Siberia internationally from the south. In Northern Asia, 36 million people are estimated to reside (in 2020).

Western Asian Countries/ Middle East Countries

Western Asia is the term used to describe the western region of Asia, which encompasses the Arabian Peninsula and the majority of the Middle Eastern countries. Western Asia consists of 19 countries. All of these nations, except Armenia, Georgia, Israel, and the Republic of Cyprus, have a majority Muslim population. There are 279 million people in the area (in 2020). Here is the complete list of Western Asian Countries:

Western Asian Countries/ Middle East Countries
Name of Country Population
Armenia 2,963,243
Azerbaijan 10,139,177
Bahrain 1,701,575
Cyprus 1,207,359
Georgia 3,989,167
Iran 83,992,949
Iraq 40,222,493
Israel 8,655,535
Jordan 10,203,134
Kuwait 4,270,571
Lebanon 6,825,445
Oman 5,106,626
Qatar 2,881,053
Saudi Arabia 34,813,871
State of Palestine 5,101,414
Syria 17,500,658
Turkey 84,339,067
United Arab Emirates 9,890,402
Yemen 29,825,964

Central Asian Countries

The area of Asia between the Caspian Sea and Western China is referred to as Central Asia. All of the countries that constitute Central Asia — Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, and Uzbekistan are mostly Muslim nations. Central Asia is home to 74 million people, on average (in 2020). Here is the complete list of Central Asian Countries:

Central Asian Countries
Name of Country Population
Kazakhstan 18,776,707
Kyrgyzstan 6,524,195
Tajikistan 9,537,645
Turkmenistan 6,031,200
Uzbekistan 33,469,203

Eastern Asian Countries

East Asia, often known as Eastern Asia, is the term used to describe the eastern portion of the Asian continent as well as the island nation of Japan. The Republic of China (Taiwan), with a disputed political status, the Chinese Special Administrative Regions (SAR) of Hong Kong and Macao, and five sovereign nations are constituted in the Eastern Asian region. In Eastern Asia, 1.68 billion people are estimated in the region (in 2020). Here is the complete list of Eastern Asian Countries:

Eastern Asian Countries
Name of Country Population
China 1,439,323,776
China, Hong Kong SAR 7,496,981
China, Macao SAR 649,335
Japan 126,476,461
North Korea 25,778,816
South Korea 51,269,185
Mongolia 3,278,290
Taiwan 23,816,775

Southern Asian Countries

The southern region of central Asia is referred to as South Asia or Southern Asia. The Himalayas are located in the north, while the Indian Ocean forms its northern and southern borders. In the Southern Asia subregion, eight independent countries exist. South Asia is home to an estimated 1.94 billion people (in 2020). Here is the complete list of Southern Asian Countries:

Name of Country Population
Afghanistan 38,928,346
Bangladesh 164,689,383
Bhutan 771,608
India 1,380,004,385
Maldives 540,544
Nepal 29,136,808
Pakistan 220,892,340
Sri Lanka 21,413,249

Southeast Asian Countries

Southeast Asia is the region of Asia that comprises the Indo-Chinese Peninsula and the countries of Maritime Southeast Asia. The area is located in the southeast of the continent, south of China, east of India, and north of Australia. Southeast Asia is home to about 668 million people (in 2020). Here is the complete list of Southeast Asian Countries:

Name of Country Population
Brunei Darussalam 437,479
Cambodia 16,718,965
Indonesia 273,523,615
Lao PDR 7,275,560
Malaysia 32,365,999
Myanmar (Burma) 54,409,800
Philippines 109,581,078
Singapore 5,850,342
Thailand 69,799,978
Timor-Leste (East Timor) 1,318,445
Vietnam 97,338,579


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Asian Countries FAQs

How many countries in Asia?

Currently, there are 48 countries in the Asian continent according to the United Nations.

What are the 48 countries on Asia's list?

48 countries of the Asian region are divided into six sub-regions i.e., Northern Asia, Western Asia, Central Asia, Southern Asia, Southeast Asia and Eastern Asia.

What are the 7 continents in Asia?

Asia, Africa, North America, South America, Antarctica, Europe, and Australia are the seven continents.

Which countries are Southeast Asian countries?

Brunei, Myanmar(Burma), Cambodia, Timor-Leste, Indonesia, Laos, Malaysia, the Philippines, Singapore, Thailand, and Vietnam are the eleven countries that comprise Southeast Asia, and they all exhibit an astonishing diversity of religion, culture, and history.

What are the 3 largest countries in Asia?

Russia, China and India are the 3 largest countries area-wise in the Asian region.

Are there 48 or 50 countries in Asia?

There are 48 countries in Asia. They are usually grouped into one of the five regional divisions: East Asia, South-East Asia, South Asia, South-West Asia, and Central Asia.

What is the richest country in Asia?

The city-state of Singapore is the wealthiest country in Asia, with a per-capita GDP of $107,690 (PPP Int$).

What are the 48 countries in Asia?

There are 48 countries in Asia, according to the United Nations. This includes the following countries:

East Timor
North Korea
Saudi Arabia
South Korea
Sri Lanka
United Arab Emirates

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