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Assam Meghalaya Border Dispute

What is the Assam Meghalaya Border Dispute Agreement

  • About the dispute: Assam and Meghalaya have a longstanding dispute in 12 stretches of their 884-km shared border.
  • The 12 locations: Upper Tarabari, Gazang reserve forest, Hahim, Langpih, Borduar, Boklapara, Nongwah, Matamur, Khanapara-Pilangkata, Deshdemoreah Block I and Block II, Khanduli and Retacherra.
  • Major Point of Contention: A major point of contention between Assam and Meghalaya is the district of Langpih in West Garo Hills bordering the Kamrup district of Assam.
    • Langpih was part of the Kamrup district during the British colonial period but post-Independence, it became part of the Garo Hills and Meghalaya.
    • Assam considers it to be part of the Mikir Hills in Assam.

Read about: Minorities in India

  • History: During the British rule, undivided Assam included present-day Nagaland, Arunachal Pradesh, Meghalaya and Mizoram.
    • Meghalaya was carved out in 1972, its boundaries demarcated as per the Assam Reorganization (Meghalaya) Act of 1969, but has held a different interpretation of the border since.
    • In 2011, the Meghalaya government had identified 12 areas of difference with Assam, spread over approximately 2,700 sq km.
    • Some of these disputes stem from recommendations made by a 1951 committee headed by then Assam chief minister Gopinath Bordoloi.


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Assam Meghalaya Border Dispute UPSC

  • Border disputes of Northeast India mainly include inter-state conflict between Assam–Mizoram, Assam–Arunachal Pradesh, Assam–Nagaland and Assam–Meghalaya.
  • Between 2019 and 2022, many steps have been taken to establish peace in the North East region like- the NLFT agreement (2019), the Bru-Reang agreement (2020), the Bodo agreement (2020), the Karbi-Anglong agreement (2021), and the recent Assam-Meghalaya border agreement.

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